Word Family - Alien

August theme: Science Fiction 🤖

Teaser

else, alien, alter, other

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- beyond, other
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂élyos other, another
      • Old Armenian այլ ayl another, other, alien, foreign, also, however
        • Armenian այլ ayl other, but
        • Armenian էլ ēl also, too, anymore
        • Armenian էլի ēli again, more
      • Celtic *alyos other, second
        • Brythonic *ėl other, second
          • Welsh ail second
        • Gaulish allos
        • Old Irish aile other, second, one (of two)
          • Irish eile other, another, more, next, else
        • Lepontic 𐌀𐌋𐌉𐌏𐌔 alios
      • Germanic *aljaz other, another, else
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌾𐌹𐍃 aljis other
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse ella or
            • Danish eller or
            • Icelandic ella or
        • West Germanic
          • Old English elles other, otherwise, different
            • English else
        • Germanic *aljǭ
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌾𐌰 alja but, except
        • Germanic *aljar elsewhere locative
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌾𐌰𐍂 aljar elsewhere
          • West Germanic
            • Old English ellor elsewhere
            • Frankish *ellar
              • Dutch elders elsewhere
        • Germanic *aljalandijaz other country, abroad, exile
          • West Germanic
            • Frankish
              • Dutch ellende misery
            • Old High German elilenti
              • German elend miserable, wretched
        • Germanic *aljasitjaną other dweller
          • West Germanic
            • Old High German Elisāzo
              • German Elsass Alsace
              • French Alsace
                • English Alsace
        • Germanic *aljarīkiją other kingdom
          • West Germanic
            • Old English *elrīċe
              • English eldritch
      • Hellenic *áľľos other, another
        • Ancient Greek ἄλλος állos other, another, different, else
          • English allo-
            • English allele
      • Italic *aljos
        • Latin alius other, another, else
          • Latin inter alia among other things
          • Latin aliās at another time, in another place, under other circumstances
            • English alias
          • Latin aliēnus
            • Western Romance
              • French alien
                • English alien
              • Italian alieno
              • Spanish ajeno
            • Latin aliēnō
              • French aliéner to alienate
              • Italian alienare to alienate
              • Spanish alienar to alienate
              • Latin aliēnātus
                • English alienate
        • Oscan allo
      • Tocharian *alle-
        • Tocharian *alleke
          • Arshian ālak
          • Kuchean alyek
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂élteros other (of two), second contrastive
      • Italic *alteros
        • Latin alter other, second
          • Sardinian àteru
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian alt other
          • Western Romance
            • French autre other, another
              • French altruisme altruism
                • English altruism
            • Italian altro other, another, further, else, previous
            • Spanish otro other, another, again
          • Latin alterō I change, I alter
            • Western Romance
              • French altérer to alter, to change, to cause thirst
                • English alter
          • Latin adulter adulterous, counterfeit, false "towards other"
            • Western Romance
              • French avoutre bastard
            • English adulter
          • Latin altercor I have a difference with, I dispute, I strive against
            • Western Romance
              • Old French alterquer
              • Italian altercare to quarrel, to argue
              • Spanish altercar to dispute, to quarrel, to argue
            • Latin altercātiō dispute, debate, altercation
              • French altercation altercation
                • English altercation
              • Italian altercazione altercation, dispute
              • Spanish altercación altercation
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂énteros second, other
        • Balto-Slavic *ántaras
          • Lithuanian añtras second, secondary
        • Germanic *anþeraz second, other
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌸𐌰𐍂 anþar second, other
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse annarr other, another, second, next
              • Danish anden other, another, else, second
              • Icelandic annar other, another, else
          • West Germanic
            • Old English ōþer other, second
              • English other
              • Scots ither other
            • Frankish
              • Dutch ander other, different
            • Old High German andar second, other
              • German anderer
              • Yiddish אַנדער ander
        • Indo-Iranian *Hántaras
          • Indo-Aryan *Hántaras
            • Sanskrit अन्तर ántara distant, different from, exterior, distance, weak side
              • Magadhi
                • Assamese আঁতৰ
              • Sauraseni
                • Pali
                  • Malay antara between, gap
          • Iranian *Hántarah
            • East Iranian
              • Scythian
                • Ossetian ӕндӕ́р ændǽr more, else

Visual

Collected English words

else, Alsace, eldritch, allo-, allele, alias, alien, alienate, altruism, alter, adulter, altercation, other