Word Family - Avatar

June theme: Pride In Words 🏳️‍🌈

Teaser

avatar, trans-, nectar, through

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *terh₂- to cross over, pass through, overcome
    • Proto-Indo-European *térh₂e-ti primary verb form
      • Indo-Iranian *tárHati
        • Indo-Aryan *tárHati
          • Sanskrit तरति tarati pass over, float, swim
            • Sauraseni *tiradi
              • Madhya
                • Hindi तैरना tairnā to float
        • Iranian *tárHatī
          • Avestan titarat̰ overcame
          • Northern Iranian
            • Ossetian тӕрын tæryn fly
    • Proto-Indo-European *térh₂eh₂
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit तार tāra carried across, carrying across, crossing
            • Sanskrit अवतार avatāra avatar, appearance of a deity on earth, distinguished person "down-across", "descended from the sky"
              • Magadhi
                • Bengali অবতার ôbtar avatar, descent
              • Sauraseni
                • Pali
                  • Thai อวตาร à-wá-dtaan avatar, monarch, sock puppet
                    • Thai พงศาวดาร pong-sǎa-wá-daan lineage of kings, history, (biblical book of) Chronicles
              • Hindi अवतार avtār descent, respected person, translation, incarnation
                • English avatar
              • Telugu అవతారము avatāramu avatar, incarnation, metamorphosis
    • Proto-Indo-European *tr̥h₂n̥t-s resultative?, ~"the other side"
      • Celtic *trāns
        • Brythonic
          • Middle Welsh traws
        • Old Irish trá then, indeed, however
      • Italic *trān(t)s
        • Latin trāns across, beyond
          • Western Romance
            • French très very
            • Italian tra- trans-, between, among
              • Italian travestire to dress up, to disguise
                • French travestir to disguise, to dress up, to distort, to make a travesty of
                  • English travesty
            • Spanish tras after, beyond
          • English trans-
          • Medieval Latin Transylvania
            • English Transylvania
        • Umbrian traf on the other side of
    • Proto-Indo-European *térh₂dʰrom instrumental
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek τέρθρον térthron end, extremity, end of the sail-yard
    • Proto-Indo-European *térmn̥ boundary
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek τέρμα térma finish line, goal, conclusion
        • Latin terminus boundary, limit, end
          • Western Romance
            • French terme limit, period of time, word or phrase especially in a specialized field
              • English term
          • English terminus
          • Latin terminālis boundary, terminal, final
            • English terminal
    • Proto-Indo-European *tr̥h₂ zero-grade form
      • Celtic
        • Brythonic
          • Welsh drwy through, by means of
        • Old Irish
          • Irish trí through
      • Proto-Indo-European *néḱ-tr̥h₂ death-overcome, unperishing
        • Hellenic
          • Ancient Greek νέκταρ néktar drink of the gods, nectar
            • Latin nectar nectar
              • Western Romance
                • Italian nettare nectar
              • English nectar
      • Proto-Indo-European *tr̥h₂kʷe distributive, "through-and" or "through-each"
        • Germanic *þurhw through
          • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌷 þairh through
          • West Germanic
            • Old English þurh
              • English through
              • English thorough
              • Scots thorow
            • Frankish *thurox
              • Dutch door through, across, by means of
            • Old High German duruh through
              • German durch through, via, by means of
              • Yiddish דורך durkh through

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Collected English words

avatar, travesty, trans-, Transylvania, term, terminus, terminal, nectar, through, thorough