Word Family - Brew

September theme: Fire 🔥

Teaser

brew, ferment, burn, bread

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁- to boil, to brew
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁-ti primary verb
      • Albanian mbruaj to knead
      • Celtic
        • Brythonic
          • Welsh berwi to boil
        • Old Irish bruithid boils, seethes, cooks
          • Irish bruith to boil, to bake, to burn
      • Germanic *brewwaną to brew
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse brugga to brew
            • Danish brygge to brew
            • Icelandic brugga to brew, to scheme
        • West Germanic
          • Old English brēowan to brew
            • English brew
          • Frankish *breuwan
            • Dutch brouwen to brew
          • Old High German briuwan to brew
            • German brauen to brew
      • Italic
        • Latin ferveō I am hot, I burn, I boil
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian a fierbe to boil, to simmer, to scald
          • Western Romance
            • Italian fervere to be fervid, to be feverish
            • Spanish hervir to boil
          • Latin fervens hot, burning, zealous, impetuous
            • French fervent fervent
              • English fervent
            • Italian fervente fervent, ardent
            • Spanish hirviente boiling, enraged
            • Latin fermentum fermentation, yeast, anger
              • Latin fermentō I ferment, I make rise, I leaven, I cause to swell, I cause to spoil
                • Western Romance
                  • French fermenter to ferment
                    • English ferment
                  • Italian fermentare to ferment
                  • Spanish fermentar to ferment
                • Eastern Romance
                  • Romanian frământa to knead, to stir, to fuss
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁tu-s seethe, burn abstract noun
      • Albanian burth mouth burning (animal disease)
      • Celtic
        • Old Irish breóaid to burn
          • Irish breoigh to sicken, to weaken
      • Germanic *brandaz fire, burning, torch, sword
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse brandr
            • Danish brand (large, destructive) fire
            • Icelandic brandur burning log, sword
        • West Germanic
          • Old English brand fire, burning, torch, sword
            • English brand
              • Japanese ブランド burando brand in the modern, commercial sense
              • English firebrand
          • Frankish *brand fire, torch, sword
            • Dutch brand fire
            • Vulgar Latin *brandus fire, torch, sword
              • French branler to shake, to masturbate
              • Vulgar Latin *brandio I brandish (a sword)
                • French brandir to brandish
                  • English brandish
                • Italian brandire to brandish, to wave
          • Old High German brant
            • German Brand fire
        • Samic *prāntē
          • Northern Sami ráddi ember
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁néw-ti transitive imperfective
      • Germanic *brinnaną to burn, to be on fire
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌱𐍂𐌹𐌽𐌽𐌰𐌽 brinnan to burn
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse brinna to burn
            • Danish brænde to burn, to roast, to cremate, to sting
            • Icelandic brenna to burn
        • West Germanic
          • Old English biernan to burn
            • English burn
          • Old High German brinnan to burn
            • German brinnen to burn archaic
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₁wr̥ well, spring, source
      • Old Armenian աղբիւր ałbiwr fountain, spring
        • Armenian աղբյուր ałbyur spring, fountain, source
          • Armenian սկզբնաղբյուր skzbnałbyur primary source, original copy
      • Germanic *brunnô wellspring, fountain, brook
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌱𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌽𐌰 brunna source, wellspring
          • Crimean Gothic brunna spring, fountain, source
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse brunnr
            • Danish brønd well
            • Icelandic brunnur well, spring, source
            • Scots brin brook, rivulet
        • West Germanic
          • Old English burne A stream, brook, river, or other running water
            • English bourn
            • Scots burn small river
          • Frankish
            • Dutch bron well
          • Old High German brunno well
            • German Brunnen well
      • Hellenic *pʰrḗwər
        • Ancient Greek φρέᾱρ phréār well
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit भुर्वन् bhúrvan restless movement of water
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰruto-s
      • Celtic
        • Brythonic
          • Welsh brwd hot, fervent, avid
      • Germanic *bruþą broth
        • West Germanic
          • Old English broþ broth
            • English broth
          • Frankish *brod
            • Medieval Latin brodium broth
              • French brouet broth
              • Italian brodo broth
      • Italic *fruto-
        • Latin defruto to reduce to a syrup (by boiling)
      • Tocharian *präts
        • Old Chinese *pɯds boil
          • Middle Chinese pʉiH boil
            • Mandarin fèi to boil
            • Middle Chinese 煮沸 to boil
              • Mandarin 煮沸 zhǔfèi to boil
              • Japanese 煮沸 shafutsu boiling
          • Middle Korean pur fire
            • Korean bul fire, fireplace
              • Korean 불고기 bulgogi grilled meat dish lit. "fire-meat"
                • English bulgogi Korean grilled meat dish
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰrutus
      • Celtic *brutus fermentation, boiling heat
        • Old Irish bruth raging, violent or boiling heat
          • Irish bruth heat, rash, surf
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰobʰro- reduplication
      • Old Armenian բորբ borb bright, burning
        • Armenian բորբ borb bright, burning
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰrowh₁tó-
      • Germanic *braudą bread
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic *brauþ
            • Portuguese broa cornbread, broa
              • English broa
          • Crimean Gothic broe bread
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse brauð bread
            • Danish brød bread
            • Icelandic brauð bread, loaf, livelihood
        • West Germanic
          • Old English brēad
            • English bread
            • Scots breid bread
          • Frankish
            • Dutch brood bread, baked good, livelihood
          • Old High German brōt bread
            • German Brot bread, loaf, livelihood
            • Yiddish ברויט broyt bread, loaf, livelihood

Visual

Collected English words

brew, fervent, ferment, brand, firebrand, brandish, burn, bourn, broth, bulgogi, broa, bread