Word Family - Cavalry

March theme: Horses

Teaser

capercaillie, chivalry, cavalier, cavalry

Full Text

  • ??
    • Turkic
      • Old Turkish käväl horse? [1]
      • Persian ?
      • Proto-Slavic *kobyla mare (female horse)
        • Russian кобы́ла kobýla mare
        • Polish kobyła mare
    • Saka kabä
    • Ancient Greek καβάλλης kabállēs nag, pony
    • Proto-Celtic *capallos
      • Brythonic *kappilos horse
        • Welsh ceffyl horse
          • English Cavall [2]
          • English Cabal [2]
        • Breton kefel horse
      • Old Irish capall horse
        • Irish capall horse
        • Manx cabbyl horse
        • Scottish Gaelic capall horse
          • Scottish Gaelic capall-coille capercaillie lit. "horse of the forest"
            • Scots
              • English capercaillie
      • Gaulish capallos horse
        • Latin caballus pack horse, nag starts to replace Classical equus in Late Latin
          • Western Romance
            • French cheval horse
            • Spanish caballo horse also the chess piece
              • Classical Nahuatl cahuāllo horse
              • Tagalog kabayo horse
          • Late Latin caballārius horseman, rider
            • Western Romance
              • Old Provençal cavalier horseman, rider
                • French chevalier knight also the chess piece
                  • French chevalerie knighthood, nobility, chivalry
                    • English chivalry
                • Italian cavaliere rider, cavalry, knight, gentleman
                  • English cavalier
                  • Italian cavalleria cavalry, chivalry
                    • French cavalerie cavalry
                      • English cavalry
              • Spanish caballero gentleman, cowboy, horseman, knight

Visual

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Collected English words

Cavall, Cabal, capercaillie, chivalry, cavalier, cavalry

Footnotes

  1. ^

    I've seen the Persian word kaval variously defined as "swift horse", "slow, clumsy horse", "second class horse of mixed blood". For both this and (Old) Turkish keväl, I can't find any reference to them outside of etymological discussions, so I don't have clear definitions, or the Persian orthography. This partly due to research interference with the Persian and Turkish flute called kaval.

  2. ^

    The name of King Arthur's favorite hunting dog, spelled either Cabal or Cavall