Word Family - Column

July theme: Architecture 🏛️

Teaser

excel, column, hill

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European kelH- to rise, to be tall
    • Proto-Indo-European *kl̥néH-ti ne- imperfective
      • Italic *kelnō
        • Latin *cellō to rise
          • Latin excellō I elevate, I raise up, I rise, I exult, I excel
            • Western Romance
              • French exceller to excel
                • English excel
              • Italian eccellere to excel
            • Latin excellēns rising, exulting, excelling, distinguished, excellent
              • Western Romance
                • French excellent
                  • English excellent
                • Italian eccellente
                • Spanish excelente
    • Proto-Indo-European *kólHno-s
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian kálnas hill, mountain, heap
    • Proto-Indo-European *kélHmn̥
      • Italic *kolamen
        • Latin culmen stalk, top, roof, summit, acme
          • Medieval Latin culmino
            • Italian culminare to culminate (in)
            • Spanish culminar to culminate, to reach the highest point
            • Medieval Latin culminatus past participle
              • English culminate
    • Proto-Indo-European *kélHmn̥eh₂
      • Italic *kolamnā
        • Latin columna column, pillar
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian corună supporting beam, crownpiece of a bridle
          • Western Romance
            • Old French columne
              • French colonne column, pillar
                • Russian коло́нна kolónna column, pillar
              • English column
            • Old French colombe
              • French colombe joist, upright
            • Italian colonna column, pillar, traffic jam
    • Proto-Indo-European *kolHweh
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian kalvà hill
    • Proto-Indo-European *kelHnto-s
      • Italic
        • Latin celsus lofty, high, tall, elevated, proud, noble
          • Medieval Latin Celsius
            • Translingual Celsius
    • Proto-Indo-European *kl̥Hnís hill, height
      • Germanic *hulliz hill
        • West Germanic
          • Old English hyll hill
            • English hill
          • Frankish hul hill
            • Dutch hil hill
      • Italic *kolnis
        • Latin collis hill
          • Sardinian codhu
          • Western Romance
            • Italian colle hill, pass through hills
            • Spanish collado hill, mountain pass
    • Proto-Indo-European *kolHōneh₂
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek Κολώνη Kolṓnē
    • Proto-Indo-European *kolHbʰ-on
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek κολοφών kolophṓn summit, top, finishing
          • Medieval Latin colophon final notice on a manuscript or book, finishing touch
            • English colophon

Visual

Collected English words

excel, excellent, culminate, column, Celsius, hill, colophon