Word Family - Cow

June theme: Domestic Animals 🐕

Teaser

cow, butter, beef, vaccine

Full Text

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    • Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws
      • Pre-Albanian *gauka
        • Albanian gak boar
      • Anatolian
        • Luwian 𔑺𔗬𔗔 BOS-wa/i-sa cow where 𔑺 BOS is a semantic determinative
      • Old Armenian կով kov cow
        • Armenian կով kov cow
      • Balto-Slavic *gōw-
        • Latvian govs cow
        • Slavic *govę̀do head of cattle, bull, ox
          • East Slavic говѧдо govędo
            • Russian говя́до govjádo cattle
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic говѧдо govędo
            • Serbo-Croatian го̀ведо gòvedo cattle
          • West Slavic
            • Czech hovado cattle
      • Celtic *bāus
        • Brythonic
          • Middle Welsh bu
        • Gaulish
          • Gaulish Bomarus Cow-Great personal name
        • Old Irish ox, cow
          • Irish cow
            • Irish buachaill bó cowherd, cowboy
            • Irish Táin Bó Cúailnge The Cattle Raid of Cooley
      • Celtic *bowkkā
        • Brythonic
          • Welsh buwch cow
      • Germanic *kūz cow
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse kýr cow
            • Danish ko cow
            • Icelandic kýr cow
          • Samic *kusë
            • Northern Sami gussa cow
        • West Germanic
          • Old English cow
            • English cow
            • Scots coo cow
            • Old English cows plural
              • Old English cȳen cows double plural
                • English kine
          • Frankish
            • Dutch koe cow
          • Old High German kuo
            • German Kuh cow
            • Yiddish קו ku cow
      • Hellenic *gʷous
        • Ancient Greek βοῦς boûs ox, cow, cattle, shield
          • Koine Greek βοΐδιον boḯdion diminuitive
            • Greek βόδι vódi ox
          • Ancient Greek Βουκέφᾰλος Bouképhalos Ox-Head horse name
            • English Bucephalus
          • Ancient Greek βουλῑμία boulīmía ravenous hunger lit. "ox's hunger"
            • English bulimia
          • Ancient Greek βουστροφηδόν boustrophēdón writing that switches LtR/RtL with each line lit. "turning like an ox (ploughing a field
            • English boustrophedon
          • Ancient Greek βούτῡρον boútūron butter lit. "cow-cheese"
            • Latin būtȳrum butter
              • Western Romance
                • French beurre butter
                • Italian burro butter
                • West Germanic *buterǭ
                  • Old English butere butter
                    • English butter
                  • Frankish *butero
                    • Dutch boter butter
                  • Old High German butira butter
                    • German Butter butter
                      • Serbo-Croatian пу̏тер pȕter butter
                    • Yiddish פּוטער puter butter
          • Ancient Greek ἑκατόμβη hekatómbē animal sacrifice, hecatomb, great sacrifice lit. "hundred oxen"
            • Latin hecatombē
              • English hecatomb
      • Indo-Iranian *gā́wš
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Dardic *gā́va
            • Kashmiri گاو gāv
          • Sanskrit गो cow, ox, cattle
            • Maharashtri
              • Marathi गाय gāy cow from gavi form
            • Sauraseni 𑀕𑀸𑀈 gāī from gavi form
              • Madhya
                • Hindi गाय gāy cow
            • Pali go
              • Khmer គោ koo ox, cow, bull
              • Thai โค koo cow, ox
            • Telugu గోవు gōvu cow, ox
            • Sanskrit गोत्र gotra cow-pen, enclosure, homestead, family, tribe
              • Pali
                • Thai โคตร kôot ancestry, clan, lineage
              • Telugu గోత్రము gōtramu family, tribe, lineage
            • Sanskrit गोदावरी Godāvarī Cow-giver river name
              • Maharashtri
                • Marathi गोदावरी Godāvarī
                  • English Godavari
            • Sanskrit गोपाल gópālá cowherd kenning of "king", epithet of Krishna and Shiva
              • Sauraseni
                • Madhya
                  • Hindi ग्वाला gvālā herdsman, milkman
              • Telugu గోపాలుడు gōpāluḍu cowherd, king
        • Iranian *gā́wš cow
          • Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬊 gao cow, bull
            • Avestan gao-čiθra epithet of the moon, appears as a bull? lineage of a bull? splendor of a bull?
          • Northern Iranian
            • Ossetian хъуг qug cow
          • Pashto غوا ghwā cow
          • Western Iranian
            • Northwestern Iranian
              • Balochi گوک gúk cow
              • Kurdish ga ox, bull
            • Old Persian
              • Persian گاو gāv cow
        • Nuristani *gā
          • Kamviri go
        • Indo-Iranian *gā́wajana cattle-goad
          • Indo-Aryan
            • Sanskrit गवजन gavájana
          • Iranian
            • Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬁𐬰𐬀
            • Western Iranian
              • Northwestern Iranian
                • Parthian
                  • Old Armenian գաւազան gawazan goad, cudgel, punishment, staff, authority, diocese
                    • Armenian գավազան gavazan staff, shepherd's crook, scepter, authority
              • Old Persian
                • Persian گوازه gavāza ox-goad
                • Persian گاوزنه gâvzane ox-goad
      • Italic *gʷōs
        • Osco-Umbrian
          • Oscan buv-
          • Umbrian 𐌁𐌖𐌌 bum cow only attested as accusative
          • Latin bōs cow, ox expected Latin would be **ūs/**vōs
            • Western Romance
              • French bœuf ox, beef from Acc.: `bove(m
                • English beef
              • Italian bove ox from Acc.: `bove(m
              • Spanish buey ox, steer
            • Latin bovīnus
              • English bovine
      • Thracian *bonasos? a bull
        • Ancient Greek βόνασος bonasos European bison, wisent
      • Tocharian *kewä
        • Arshian ko cow
        • Kushean keᵤ cow
      • Proto-Indo-European *gʷowkólos cowherd [1]
        • Celtic *boukolyos
          • Brythonic
            • Welsh bugail shepherd, pastor
          • Old Irish búachaill cowherd, herdsman
            • Irish buachaill boy, boyfriend, herdsman, (male) employee
            • Irish buachaill bó cowherd, cowboy
        • Hellenic *gʷoukólos
          • Mycenaean Greek 𐀦𐀄𐀒𐀫 qo-u-ko-ro cowherders
          • Ancient Greek βουκόλος boukólos cowherd
            • Ancient Greek βουκολῐκός boukolikós rustic, pastoral, pastoral poetry
              • Latin būcolicus pertaining to shepherds, bucolic
                • English bucolic
      • Proto-Indo-European **gʷowśéh₂
        • Proto-Indo-European *woḱéh₂ (female) cow looks almost, but not quite like the feminine of *gʷṓws
          • Indo-Iranian *waĉáH
            • Indo-Aryan *waśáH
              • Sanskrit वशा vaśā́ cow
          • Italic *wokā
            • Latin vacca (female) cow
              • Sardinian bacca cow
              • Eastern Romance
                • Romanian vacă cow, beef
              • Western Romance
                • French vache
                • Italian vacca
                • Spanish vaca cow, beef, leather
                  • Cherokee ᏩᎦ waga cow
                  • Nahuatl huācax cow
                  • Quechua waka cow
              • Latin vaccīnus of or derived from a cow
                • Western Romance
                  • French vaccin
                    • English vaccine
                      • Irish vacsaín
                      • Japanese ワクチン wakuchin
                      • Korean 백신 baeksin
                    • Persian واکسن vâksan
                    • Russian вакци́на vakcína
                    • Vietnamese vắc-xin
                  • Italian vaccino bovine, vaccine
              • Latin *vaccārius cowherder
                • Eastern Romance
                  • Romanian văcar cowherd
                • Western Romance
                  • French vacher cowherd
                  • Italian vaccaio cowherd
                  • Spanish vaquero cowherd, cowboy, jeans
                    • English buckaroo
    • Sino-Tibetan *ŋwa cattle, ox
      • Old Chinese *ŋʷɯ cow, ox, buffalo, bovine, beef
        • Middle Chinese
          • Mandarin niú
          • Wu nyieu3
          • Yue ngau4
          • Japanese ぎゅう gyū cow, ox, cattle
        • Min
          • Hokkien
      • Tibeto-Burman
        • Lolo-Burmese
          • Southwestern Tai
            • Lao ງົວ ngūa cow
            • Thai วัว wuua cow, bovine
        • Tibeto-Kanauri
          • Tibetan ba cow
            • Tibetan བ་ཕྱུགས ba phyugs cattle lit. "domestic cow" or "cow-wealth"?
            • Tibetan ?
              • French zébu
                • English zebu
    • Vietic *bɔː bovine, zebu
      • Vietnamese zebu, (straight-horned) bovine

Visual

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Collected English words

cow, kine, Bucephalus, bulimia, boustrophedon, butter, hecatomb, Godavari, beef, bovine, bucolic, vaccine, buckaroo, zebu

Footnotes

  1. ^

    Proto-Indo-European *gʷowkólos: "cowherd" is composed of *gʷow-: "cow" + *kʷólos: "herder" from *kʷel-: "to turn, to move, to cultivate". But the sequence of two labio-velars dissimilates from *gʷ...kʷ to *gʷ...k. This is, in fact, called "the boukólos rule" after this example. If there wasn't dissimilation the Greek would be βουπόλος boupólos instead.