Word Family - Cyborg

October theme: Science Fiction 🤖

Introduction

Got out of hand, never managed to finish, as yet.

Teaser

curve, search, circle, cross, ring, cyborg, clavicle, close

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- to bend, to curve, to turn
    • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kerwós bent, curved
      • Balto-Slavic *krivъ
        • Slavic *krivъ crooked, bent, wrong, guilty
    • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kr̥wós bent, curved
      • Italic *korwos
        • Latin curvus bent, crooked, curved
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian curbă curve
              • Romanian curbură wimple
          • Western Romance
            • French courbe curved, bent, a curve
              • English curb
            • Spanish corvo curved, arched, a hook
          • English curve
          • Latin curvō I bend, I curve, I bow
            • Western Romance
              • Italian curvare to bend, to curve
              • Latin incurvō to bend inwards
                • Western Romance
                  • Spanish encorvar to curve
    • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kr̥kr̥ reduplicate
      • Italic *karkros
        • Latin carcer prison, jail, prisoner
          • English incarcerate
        • Italic *kankros
          • Latin cancer crab, tumor, lattice, grid
            • English canker
            • English cancer
            • Latin cancellus lattice, grid, railings
              • English chancel
              • English chancellor
    • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kerk- extension
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek κίρκος kírkos
          • Latin circus circle, ring, racecourse, circus
          • English circus
          • Latin circō to move in a circle
            • English search
          • Latin circa
          • Latin circulus
            • English circle
    • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kerew- extension
      • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kerewsneh₂ curved thing
        • Hellenic
          • Ancient Greek κορώνη korṓnē
            • Latin corōna
              • English corona
              • English crown
    • Proto-Indo-European *(s)krey- extension
      • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kréynō? curved thing
        • Italic
          • Latin scrīnium case or chest for books or papers
            • English shrine
      • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreys- extension
        • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreystós
          • Italic
            • Latin crista crest, plume, tuft
              • English crest
        • Proto-Indo-European ?
          • Italic
            • Latin crispus curly, crimped
              • Western Romance
                • French
                  • English crêpe
              • Old English
                • English crisp
    • Proto-Indo-European *(s)krewk- extension
      • Italic
        • Latin crux
          • English crux
          • English cross
          • English crucify
    • Proto-Indo-European *(s)krengʰ- nasal extension
      • Germanic *hringaz
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic *hrings
          • Crimean Gothic ringo ring
          • Italian aringo circular field, tournament, town meeting
            • French harangue public address, harangue
              • English harangue
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse hringr
            • Danish ring ring, circle, halo, hoop, coil
            • Icelandic hringur circle, ring
          • Finnic *rengas ring, hoop
            • Finnish rengas ring, hoop, loop, tire
        • West Germanic
          • Old English hrin(c)g ring
            • English ring
              • English Ringo
            • English rink
          • Frankish *hring
            • Dutch ring ring, beltway
          • Old High German ring ring
            • German Ring ring
            • Yiddish רינג
    • Proto-Indo-European *kerp- extension
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek κᾰρπός karpós wrist
          • Greek καρπός karpós wrist
          • New Latin carpus bones of the wrist
            • New Latin carpālis to do with the wrist or wrist bones
              • English carpal
      • Proto-Indo-European *kʷerp-
        • Germanic *hwerfaną to turn
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐍈𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌱𐌰𐌽 ƕairban to walk
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse hverfa to go in a circle, to turn around, to change someone's mind
              • Danish hverre
              • Icelandic hverfa to turn, to turn back, to vanish
          • West Germanic
            • Old English hweorfan to turn, to change, to travel
              • Old English hwearf
                • English wharf
            • Frankish *hwervan
              • Dutch werven to recruit, especially for enlistment or civil service
            • Old High German (h)werban
              • German werben to recruit, to enlist, to advertise
        • Hellenic
          • Ancient Greek κύρβις kúrbis turning wooden cylinder
            • Ancient Greek *kúrbna tiller? instrumental
              • Ancient Greek κῠβερνᾰ́ω kubernáō to steer, to pilot, to direct, to guide, to govern
                • Ancient Greek κυβέρνησις kubérnēsis steering, pilotage, government
                  • Ancient Greek κῠβερνητῐκός kubernētikós good at steering, well-directed
                    • English cybernetics
                      • English cyborg
                      • English cyber-
    • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kel- to bend, to crook, heel, knee, hip
      • English colon
        • English colic
      • English cylinder
      • English scoliosis
      • English Scalzi
      • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kleh₂w- hook, crook, peg
        • Proto-Indo-European *kléh₂wis
          • Hellenic
            • Mycenaean Greek *klāwi key
              • Mycenaean Greek 𐀏𐀨𐀹𐀡𐀫 ka-ra-wi-po-ro key-bearer
          • Italic *klāwis
            • Latin clāvis key, lever, bar
              • English clef
              • English clavicle
              • English clavichord
        • Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂wos
          • Celtic *klāwos
            • Brythonic *klọw
              • Welsh clo lock, bolt, impediment, difficulty
            • Old Irish cló spike, nail, imprint, form
              • Irish cló font, print, impression, form
          • Italic *klāwos
            • Latin clāvus nail
              • English clove
              • English cloy
        • Proto-Indo-European *(s)klewd- to lock
          • Proto-Indo-European *(s)klewdeti primary verb
            • Italic klaudō
              • Latin claudō I close, I lock, I confine, I limit
                • English close
                • English conclude
                • English exclude
                • English include
                • English preclude
                • English recluse
                • English seclude
          • Proto-Indo-European *(s)klewdō
            • Germanic *slutą a bolt, a lock
              • English slot
          • Proto-Indo-European *(s)kleh₂wiHds
            • Hellenic klāwī́ds
              • Ancient Greek κλείς kleís key, bolt, bar, collarbone (clavicle) Acc: kleîda
                • Aramaic קלידא qliḏaʾ key
                  • Arabic إِقْلِيد ʾiqlīd key
                  • Hebrew
                • Persian کلید kelid key, clef
          • Proto-Indo-European *(s)klewdtrom instrument
            • Italic
              • Latin claustrum gate, door, enclosure
                • English cloister

Visual

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Collected English words

curb, curve, incarcerate, canker, cancer, chancel, chancellor, circus, search, circle, corona, crown, shrine, crest, crêpe, crisp, crux, cross, crucify, harangue, ring, Ringo, rink, carpal, wharf, cybernetics, cyborg, cyber-, colon, colic, cylinder, scoliosis, Scalzi, clef, clavicle, clavichord, clove, cloy, close, conclude, exclude, include, preclude, recluse, seclude, slot, cloister