Word Family - Door

July theme: Architecture 🏛️

Teaser

door, hors d'oeuvre, foreign, forest, Dvorak

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer- door, gate
    • Proto-Indo-European *dʰwṓr door
      • Anatolian
        • Hittite *durza
        • Hittite 𒀭𒄙𒍝 an-dur-za indoors
      • Armenian
        • Old Armenian դուռն duṙn door, entrance, mountain pass, palace, court, retinue
          • Armenian դուռ duṙ door, exit, court (of a monarch)
      • Balto-Slavic *dwir-
        • Lithuanian dùrys doors plural only
        • Slavic *dvь̃rь door
          • East Slavic
            • Russian дверь dverʹ door
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian две̑ри dvȇri door, doors, entrance archiac, plural only
          • West Slavic
            • Polish drzwi doors plural only
      • Germanic *durz door, hatch, flap
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐍂 daur door
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse dyrr door, doorway
            • Danish dør door
            • Icelandic dyr door, doorway
        • West Germanic
          • Old English duru
            • English door
          • Frankish
            • Dutch deur door
          • Old High German turi door
            • German Tür door
            • Yiddish טיר tir door
      • Italic *fworis
        • Latin foris door, gate, opening, entrance
          • Latin forīs outdoors, outside
            • French hors outside
              • French hors-d'oeuvre hors d'oeuvre
                • English hors d'oeuvre
            • Vulgar Latin *forānus outsider
              • Western Romance
                • Old French forain
                  • French forain fairground, showman semantically assimilated to foire: "fair" by folk etymology
                  • English foreign
            • Late Latin foresta (silva)
              • Western Romance
                • Old French forest(e)
                  • French forêt forest
                  • English forest
                  • Irish foraois forest, timber, lair
                • Italian foresta forest
                  • Maltese foresta forest
    • Proto-Indo-European *dʰworo-m
      • Celtic *dwar Acc. *dworam
        • Gaulish duron door, gate, walled town
          • Latin Augustodurum city in Roman Gaul, the Gate (or Forum) of Augustus now Bayeux, France
          • Irish doras door, doorway
        • Celtic *dworestu-m
          • Brythonic
            • Welsh drws door
          • Old Irish dorus door
      • Indo-Iranian *dʰwā́ram
        • Indo-Aryan *d(ʰ)wā́ram
          • Sanskrit द्वार dvā́ra gate, door, entrance, means, opportunity
            • Magadhi
              • Bengali দ্বার dbara door, gateway, entrance
            • Maharashtri
              • Marathi दार dār door, gate
            • Sauraseni
              • Madhya
                • Hindi द्वार dvār door, gate, means
            • West Indo-Aryan
              • Romani vudar door
            • Telugu ద్వారము dvāramu door, doorway
            • Thai ทวาร tá-waan door
            • Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬨 duuarəm door, pass
        • Iranian *dwā́ram
          • Northern Iranian
            • Scythian
              • Ossetian дуар dwar door, goal (sports)
          • Western Iranian
            • Kurdish derî door
            • Old Persian 𐎯𐎺𐎼𐎹𐎠 du-va-ra-ya-a at (my) door attested in locative
              • Persian در dar door, court, lid
        • Nuristani
          • Kamviri du
      • Italic *fworom
        • Latin forum market-place, public place, forum
          • English forum forum
          • French forum forum
          • German Forum forum
          • Italian foro forum
          • Russian фо́рум fórum forum
          • Spanish foro forum
          • Latin forēnsis of the forum, public
            • English forensic
        • Umbrian 𐌚𐌖𐌓𐌖 furu
      • Tocharian
        • Kushean twere door
    • Proto-Indo-European *dʰuréh₂ doors collective
      • Germanic *durã big door, gate [1]
        • West Germanic
          • Old High German tor gate [1]
            • German Tor gate [1]
      • Hellenic *tʰurā
        • Ancient Greek θῠ́ρᾱ thúrā door, entrance
          • Greek θύρα thýra door, stadium gate, computer port
          • Ancient Greek θῠρεός thureós door stop, wide oblong (door shaped) shield, oval
            • Greek θυρεός thyreós coat of arms
            • Coptic ⲑⲩⲣⲱⲛ thurōn shield
            • French thyroïde thyroid 16C coining based on shape
              • English thyroid
            • Hebrew תְּרִיס tris shutter
    • Proto-Indo-European *dʰworo-s
      • Balto-Slavic *dwáras
        • Slavic *dvõrъ court, courtyard
          • East Slavic
            • Russian двор dvor yard, courtyard, homestead
            • Lithuanian dvãras manor (of a landed estate), courtyard
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian дво̑р dvȏr castle, palace, courtyard
          • West Slavic
            • Polish dwór
            • Czech dvůr court, courtyard, manor house (archaic)
              • Czech Dvořák
                • English Dvorak

Visual

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Collected English words

door, hors d'oeuvre, foreign, forest, forum, forensic, thyroid, Dvorak

Footnotes

  1. ^

    German Tor vs. Tür preserves the distinction in Germanic *durã vs. *durz that was merged in most descendants.