Word Family - Edge

July theme: Miscellaneous 🔨

Teaser

oxygen, vinegar, axe, hammer, hear

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  • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- sharp
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂oḱós sharp
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ὀξύς oxús sharp, pointed, clever, swift
          • French oxygène oxygen Greek technical formation "sharp-forming", for oxygen's role in forming acids
            • English oxygen
            • Translingual O
          • Ancient Greek ὀξύμωρος oxúmōros a witty saying that is seemingly paradoxical, oxymoron "clever-foolish"
            • English oxymoron
          • English oxytocic serving to promote uterine contractions, thus accelerating childbirth Greek technical formation "swift-birth"
            • English oxytocin
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱéh₁ye-ti secondary imperfective
    • Italic *akēō
      • Latin aceō sour
        • Latin acidus sour, tart, acidic, harsh
          • French acide acid, acidic, sour, tart
            • English acid
        • Latin acētum vinegar
          • Sardinian acedhu
          • Western Romance
            • Italian aceto vinegar
            • Spanish acedo sour, tart, a sour juice
          • Old English æċed vinegar
          • English acetate
          • Old High German
            • German Essig vinegar
          • Old Irish aigéd vinegar
            • Irish aigéad acid
          • Old Norse edik vinegar
            • Danish eddike vinegar
            • Icelandic edik vinegar
          • Slavic *ocьtъ
            • East Slavic
              • Russian о́цет ócet vinegar
            • South Slavic
              • Serbo-Croatian о̀цат òcat vinegar
            • West Slavic
              • Polish ocet vinegar
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱrós sharp adjective
      • Balto-Slavic *aśras
        • Lithuanian aštrùs sharp
        • Slavic *ostrъ sharp
          • East Slavic
            • Russian о́стрый óstryj sharp, acute, keen, piquant
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian о̏штар ȍštar sharp, acute, keen, precise
          • West Slavic
            • Polish ostry sharp, spicy, acute
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ἄκρος ákros edge, extreme, top, best, first
          • Ancient Greek ἀκρόπολις akrópolis
            • English acropolis
      • Italic *akris sharp, sour
        • Latin ācer sharp, sour, keen, shrewd
          • Western Romance
            • French aigre
              • English eager
              • French vinaigre vinegar lit. "wine-sour"
                • English vinegar
            • Italian agro sour, vinegary
            • Spanish agrio sour, tangy, bitter
          • Latin acerbus sour, bitter, rough, oppressive
            • French acerbe acerbic, harsh
              • English acerbic
            • Latin acerbātus make sour, make bitter, make worse
              • Latin exacerbātus provoke, exacerbate, thoroughly worsen
                • English exacerbate
          • English acrid
          • French âcre acrid, bitter
          • Old Irish aicher sharp, fierce
            • Irish aichear sharp, keen
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱu-s
      • Old Armenian հասկ hask ear (of grain)
        • Armenian հասկ hask ear (of grain)
      • Balto-Slavic *ašus
        • Latvian ass sharp, pointed
      • Germanic *ahaz ear (of grain)
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌰𐌷𐍃 ahs ear (of grain)
        • West Germanic
          • Old English
            • English ear
          • Old High German
            • German Ähre ear (of grain), spike (of a flower)
      • Italic
        • Latin acus needle (sewing or pine), husk
          • Latin acuō sharpen, make pointed, spur, stimulate, exercise, practice
            • Latin acūmen sharpened point
              • English acumen
          • Latin *acūcla small needle
            • Western Romance
              • Emilian gùccia sewing needle
                • Emilian Gucci
                  • Translingual Gucci
      • Tocharian
        • Kuchean āk
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱh₂enh₂
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian ašnìs
        • Slavic
          • West Slavic
          • Czech osina awn
      • Germanic *aganō chaff
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse
            • Swedish ag fen sedge, saw sedge sharp marsh grasses
        • West Germanic
          • Old English ægnan
            • English awn
          • Frankish *aghn
            • Dutch agen
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ἄκανος ákanos thistle
      • Italic
        • Latin agna straw, ear (of grain)
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂oḱ-yeh₂ optative: ~"it should be sharp"
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian akėčios harrow
        • Latvian ecēšas harrow
      • Germanic *agjō edge, corner
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse egg edge
            • Danish æg
            • Icelandic egg edge of a knife or sword, edge of a mountain
            • Old Norse eggja to incite, to egg on
              • Icelandic eggja to incite, to egg on
              • English egg
        • West Germanic
          • Old English eċġ edge
            • English edge
          • Frankish
            • Dutch eg harrow
              • Dutch eggen to harrow, to plow
                • German eggen to harrow
                  • German Egge harrow
          • Old High German egga
            • German Ecke edge, corner, roughly triangular piece
              • German Dreieck triangle "three-corner"
        • Northern Sami ávju edge
        • Germanic Agi
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse Eggi
              • Danish Ove
                • German Uwe
          • Germanic Agino
            • West Germanic
              • Frankish Aizino
                • Old French Aisincurt Aizino's farmstead (place name)
                  • English Agincourt
                  • French Azincourt
              • Old High German
                • German Egon
      • Italic
        • Latin occa harrow
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱeh₂ noun
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ἀκή akḗ point
          • Ancient Greek ἀκακία akakía acacia/shittah tree
            • Transliungual Acacia
          • Ancient Greek ἄκᾰνθος ákanthos acanthus, thorn "point-flower"
            • Translingual Acanthus a taxonomic genus of prickly herbs
              • Translingual Pyracantha taxonomic genus of the firethorn shrubs
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱstis
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian akstìs thorn
        • Slavic
          • Russian ость ostʹ
      • Celtic *axtīnos gorse
        • Brythonic
          • Welsh eithin gorse
        • Old Irish aiten
          • Irish aiteann gorse
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂egʷsih₂ axe collective? "sharpnesses"?
      • Germanic *akwisī axe
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌰𐌵𐌹𐌶𐌹 aqizi axe
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse øx axe
            • Danish økse axe
            • Icelandic öxi axe
        • West Germanic
          • Old English æx axe
            • English axe
          • Frankish *akus
            • Dutch aks
          • Old High German ackis
            • German Axt axe
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ἀξῑ́νη axī́nē axe, axe-head
      • Italic
        • Latin ascia axe, mason's trowel
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱmeh₂
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ἀκμή akmḗ point, edge, highest of culminating point of something
          • English acme
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂éḱmō stone, rock agentive, "sharpener"? "cutter"?
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian akmuo stone semantically expected
        • Lithuanian ašmuõ edge, blade phonologically expected
        • Slavic *kàmy stone
          • East Slavic
            • Russian ка́мень stone, rock, cliff, weight
          • West Slavic
            • Polish kamień stone, stone (unit of mass), plaque
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek: ἄκμων ákmōn anvil, pestle, head of a battering ram
          • Greek αμόνι amóni anvil
          • Greek άκμονας ákmonas incus anvil shaped bone in the middle ear
      • Indo-Iranian *Háĉmā stone, hammer, thunderbolt
        • Indo-Aryan *Háśmā
          • Sanskrit अश्मन् aśman
        • Iranian *Háĉmā
          • Avestan asman sky, heaven
          • Pashto اسمان asmān sky, heaven
          • Western Iranian
            • Kurdish esman sky
            • Medean *asman
              • Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎶𐎴 asman sky
                • Persian آسمان âsemân
                  • Hindi आसमान āsmān sky
                • Tajik осмон osmon sky
          • Iranian *Haĉangáh stone, weight
            • Avestan asənga- stone
            • Northern Iranian
              • Saka
                • Khotani sam̥gga- stone
                • Old Chinese slaːn ɡaː
                  • Middle Chinese 珊瑚 sɑn ɦuo coral
                    • Mandarin 珊瑚 shānhú coral
                    • Cantonese 珊瑚 saan1 wu4 coral
                    • Japanese サンゴ sango coral
                    • Korean 산호 sanho coral
                    • Vietnamese san hô coral
                  • Taiwanese 珊瑚 soan-ô͘ coral
              • Scythian
                • Ossetian ʒænγa
            • Western Iranian
              • Northwestern Iranian
                • Kurdish seng weight
                • Medean *asangáh
                  • Elamite áš-šá-an-ka₄
                  • Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎴 asan- stone
              • Old Persian 𐎠𐎰𐎥 aθaⁿga- stone
                • Persian سنگ sang stone, tombstone, weight, value, authority
                  • Coptic ⲃⲁⲥⲛϭ basnc tin with "ba-" prefix based on other metal names
                  • Hindi संग saṅg stone, rock
                  • Ottoman Turkish سنگ seng
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱmoros stony
        • Balto-Slavic
          • Slavic *kamorъ rare, most descendants derive directly from <*kamy>
            • Slovincian kamor stone, rock
        • Germanic
          • North Germanic
          • Old Norse hamarr stone, cliff, hammer
            • Danish hammer hammer
            • Icelandic hamar hammer, cliff
          • West Germanic
            • Old English hamor hammer
              • English hammer
            • Frankish *hamar
              • Dutch hamer hammer
            • Old High German hamar hammer
              • German Hammer hammer
              • Yiddish האַמער hamer hammer
        • Indo-Iranian
          • Indo-Aryan
            • Sanskrit अश्मर aśmará stony
    • Proto-Indo-European ?
      • Italic
        • Latin aciēs sharp edge or point, battle line
          • Late Latin aciārium steel
            • Western Romance
              • French acier steel
              • Italian acciaio steel
              • Spanish acero steel, weapon, arms
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ḱh₂owsyéti to hear (well)
      • Germanic *hauzijaną to hear
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐍃𐌾𐌰𐌽 hausjan to hear, listen
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse heyra to hear, to listen
            • Danish høre to hear, to learn
            • Icelandic heyra to hear, to listen
        • West Germanic
          • Old English hīeran to hear, to listen, to obey
            • English hear
          • Frankish *hōren
            • Dutch horen to hear, to be polite, to be supposed to, to belong
          • Old High German hōren to hear
            • German hören to hear, to listen
            • Yiddish הערן hern to hear
        • Germanic *hauzikōną to hark "to hear" + intensifier
          • West Germanic
            • Old English *hercian
              • English hark
            • Frankish *hōrken
            • Old High German hōrechen
              • German horchen to eavesdrop, to hark
      • Hellenic *akouyō
        • Ancient Greek ᾰ̓κούω
          • Ancient Greek ἀκουστικός akoustikós auditory, related to hearing
            • French acoustique acoustic
              • English acoustic
                • Japanese アコースティック akōsutikku acoustic (unamplified)
    • Finno-Ugric
      • Finnic *kaca
        • Finnish kasa corner
      • Ugric
        • Hungarian hegy mountain, tip (of a knife, finger, pencil, etc.)
      • Samic
        • Northern Sami geahčči point

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Collected English words

oxygen, O, oxymoron, oxytocic, oxytocin, acid, acetate, acropolis, eager, vinegar, acerbic, exacerbate, acrid, ear, acumen, Gucci, awn, egg, edge, Agincourt, Acanthus, Pyracantha, axe, acme, hammer, hear, hark, acoustic