Word Family - Flower

May theme: Plants 🌱

Teaser

bloom, flower, flourish, belladonna, blade, chlorophyll

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- flower
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰléh₃e-ti
      • Germanic *blōaną to bloom, to flower
        • West Germanic
          • Old English blōwan
            • English blow [1]
              • English full-blown [1]
          • Frankish
            • Dutch bloeien to blossom, to develop, to flourish
          • Old High German bluoen
            • German blühen to blossom, to thrive
        • Germanic *blōmô flower
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌱𐌻𐍉𐌼𐌰 blōma flower
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse blóm flower
              • Icelandic blóm flower
              • Middle English blome flower
                • English bloom
          • West Germanic
            • Old English blōma the spongy mass of iron that results from smelting
              • Middle English blome
                • English bloom
        • Germanic *blōdiz resultative noun
          • Western Romance
            • Old English blēd shoot, branch, leaf, fruit, harvest, yield
            • Old High German bluot
              • German Blüte blossom, flower
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃s
      • Albanian bleron to blossom, to thrive
      • Germanic *blōs
        • Germanic *blōstaz
          • West Germanic
            • Old High German
              • German Blust
        • Germanic *blōsmō
          • West Germanic
            • Old English blōstma flower, blossom, fruit
              • English blossom
      • Italic *flōs
        • Latin flōs flower, blossom Acc.: flōrem
          • Sardinian frore flower
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian floare flower
          • Western Romance
            • Old French
              • French fleur
              • English flower
            • Italian fiore flower, blossom, surface
              • Italian fiorino (d'oro) florin lit. "little flower of gold"
                • French florin
                  • English florin
          • Latin Flōra divinity of flowers
            • English flora
          • Latin flōreō I bloom, I flower, I flourish, I am colorful
            • Western Romance
              • Italian fiorire to flower, to flourish
              • Spanish florear to flower
            • Latin flōrens flowering, flourishing
              • Latin Flōrentia place name, Florence
                • Western Romance
                  • French Florence
                    • English Florence
                  • Italian Firenze
                  • Spanish Florencia
            • Latin flōrēscō I begin to blossom, I begin to prosper
              • Western Romance
                • Old French
                  • French fleurir to flower, to bloom, to flourish
                  • English flourish
                • Spanish florecer to flower, to flourish
              • Latin *inflōrēscō
                • Eastern Romance
                  • Aromanian nflurescu I flower, I bloom
                  • Romanian a înflori to flower, to bloom
            • Latin flōridus blooming, flowery, florid
              • Western Romance
                • French floride
                  • English florid
                • Spanish flórido
                  • Spanish Florida
                    • English Florida
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰléh₃tus
      • Celtic *blātus
        • Brythonic *blọd
          • Welsh blodyn flower
            • Welsh Blodeuwedd personal name, Face-of-Flowers [2]
            • Welsh Blodwen personal name, Fair-Flower
        • Gaulish *blātōnā
          • Latin bladona mullein, nightshade
            • Italian belladonna deadly nightshade, belladonna [2]
              • English belladonna
        • Old Irish bláth flower, blossom, bloom
          • Irish bláth flower
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰl̥h₃to
      • Germanic *bladą leaf, sheet of paper, blade
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse blað leaf, herb
            • Danish blad leaf, petal, blade, sheet of paper, newspaper
              • Danish bladre to turn pages, to browse
            • Icelandic blað sheet of paper, newspaper, leaf, blade
        • West Germanic
          • Old English blæd leaf, blade
            • English blade
          • Frankish *blat
            • Dutch blad leaf, sheet of paper, page, newspaper
          • Old High German blat
            • German Blatt leaf, petal, sheet of paper, card, blade, foil, newspaper
            • Yiddish בלאַט blat leaf, sheet of paper, newspaper
      • Tocharian
        • Arshian pält leaf, blade
        • Kushean pilta leaf, blade
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰolh₃yom
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek φῠ́λλον phúllon leaf, foliage, plant
          • French chlorophylle chlorophyll coined by Caventou and Pelletier in 1817
            • English chlorophyll
      • Italic
        • Latin folium leaf, petal, sheet of paper, trifle
          • Sardinian fógiu
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian foaie sheet of paper, leaf
          • Western Romance
            • French feuille leaf, sheet of paper
              • English foil
              • French feuillage leaves (collective)
                • English foliage
            • Italian foglia leaf
            • Italian foglio sheet
            • Spanish hoja leaf, petal, blade, sheet, foil, pane
          • English folio
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰolyo-
      • Old Armenian բող boł
        • Armenian բող boł bur parsley
        • Old Armenian բողբոջ bołboǰ shoot, sprout, bud, descendants reduplication
          • Armenian բողբոջ bołboǰ bud
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Iranian
          • Western Iranian
            • Persian بلال balâl maize
    • Proto-Indo-European *bʰolg-?
      • Old Armenian բողկ bołk radish
        • Armenian բողկ bołk radish
        • Georgian ბოლოკი boloḳi radish, turnip
        • Old Armenian բողկուկ bołkuk newly grown horn
          • Armenian բողկուկ bołkuk newly grown horn, radish

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Collected English words

blow, full-blown, bloom, bloom, blossom, flower, florin, flora, Florence, flourish, florid, Florida, belladonna, blade, chlorophyll, foil, foliage, folio

Footnotes

  1. ^

    Not blow as in wind (from Germanic *blēaną) or blow as in hit (Germanic *blewwaną), but blow as in bloom (Germanic *blōaną), as in Shakespeare's "the bud ere it be blown". This is the meaning of "blow" which gives full-blown meaning "fully-developed, complete" (lit. "fully bloomed")

  2. ^

    belladonna makes so much more sense as an eggcorn! It is an Italian eggcorn of Late Latin bladona, from the Gaulish version of Welsh blodyn: "flower", as in Blodwen or Blodeuwedd.

    Which means Seanan McGuire's Rose Owl is a relative of belladonna ("Making women out of flowers is a risk I don't advise")