Word Family - Gay

June theme: Pride In Words 🏳️‍🌈

Teaser

go, gay, heritage, gangway

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- to go, to walk
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₁ye-ti ye- present verb
      • Germanic *gāną to go, to walk
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌽 gaggan to go
          • Crimean Gothic geen to go
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse
            • Danish to go, to walk
        • West Germanic
          • Old English gān
            • English go
            • Scots gae to go
          • Frankish *gān
            • Dutch gaan to go, to lead, to proceed
          • Old High German gān
            • German gehen to go, walk
            • Yiddish גיין geyn to go, to walk
        • Germanic *ganhuz fast, quick
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌷𐌴𐌹𐍃 gaheis
              • Old Occitan gai
                • Old French gai
                  • French gai cheerful, merry
                  • English gay
                  • Italian gaio cheerful, happy, bright color
          • West Germanic
            • Old High German gāhi
              • German jäh abrupt, precipitous
              • Yiddish גיך gikh fast
            • Frankish *gāhi
              • Dutch gauw quickly, soon
              • Old French jai jay (bird)
                • French geai jay (bird)
                • English jay
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéǵʰeh₁-ti to leave, to abandon
      • Indo-Iranian *ĵʰáĵʰaHti
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit जहाति jáhāti to renounce, to abandon, to ignore, to shun
        • Iranian
          • Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬰𐬁𐬌𐬙𐬌 zazāiti to leave behind, to overtake, to win
    • Proto-Indo-European ǵʰeh₁ro-s left, remnant
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek χήρα chíra widow, relict
      • Italic
        • Latin hērēs heir
          • Western Romance
            • Old French eir
              • Anglo-Norman heir
                • English heir
                • Irish oidhre heir
            • Italian erede heir
          • Latin hērēditārius hereditary, inherited
            • Western Romance
              • French héritier heir
                • French héritage heritage, inheritance, legacy
                  • English heritage
              • Spanish heredero heir
            • English hereditary
            • French héréditaire hereditary
            • Italian ereditario hereditary
            • Spanish hereditario hereditary
          • Latin hērēditō I inherit
            • Western Romance
              • French hériter to inherit
              • Italian ereditare to inherit
              • Spanish heredar to inherit
            • Latin inhērēditō I appoint as heir
              • Western Romance
                • Old French enheriter
                  • English inherit
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰengʰ-
      • Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰengʰ-ti primary verb
        • Balto-Slavic
          • East Baltic
            • Lithuanian žeñgti to stride
        • Indo-Iranian
          • Indo-Aryan
            • Sanskrit जंहति jaṃhati to move quickly, sprawl
        • Germanic *ganganą
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌽 gaggan to go
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse ganga to go, to walk
              • Icelandic ganga to walk, to operate (of a machine)
              • Old Norse Gangleri walking-weary a name of Odin
          • West Germanic
            • Old English gangan to go, to walk
              • English gang [1]
                • English gangling
                • English gangly
                • English gangway
                • English gangplank
            • Old High German gangan
              • German (ge-)gangen went past participle of gehen
          • Germanic *gangaz pace, step, walk, path
            • North Germanic
              • Old Norse gangr
                • Icelandic gangur the act of walking, movement, action, hallway
              • Finnic *kangas
                • Finnish kangas coniferous, boreal forest that is easily walked through; the kind of soil that such a forest grows on
            • West Germanic
              • Old English gang a going, act of walking, path, gait, toilet
                • English gang [1]
                  • Italian ghenga gang
                  • Japanese ギャング gyangu gang
                  • Korean gaeng gang
                  • Maori kēnga gang
                  • Portuguese gangue gang
                  • English gank
              • Old High German gang path, journey, a going
                • German Gang walk, course, passageway, mineral vein or seam
                  • French gangue the worthless rock or vein matter in which valuable metals or minerals occur
                    • English gangue
                • Old High German
                  • German Wolfgang Wolf-Journey (personal name)
                    • English Wolfgang
      • Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰongʰis
        • Germanic *gangiz passable, going, able to go
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse gengr
              • Icelandic gengur passable, able to walk
                • Icelandic skipgengur navigable "ship-passable"
              • Swedish gäng(e) gang, team, group
                • Finnish jengi gang

Visual

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Collected English words

go, gay, jay, heir, heritage, hereditary, inherit, gang, gangling, gangly, gangway, gangplank, gang, gank, gangue, Wolfgang

Footnotes

  1. ^

    The semantic shift of English gang goes something like: "to go, to walk"/"a going, a journey" -> "a group of people travelling together" -> "a group of people acting towards a common goal" -> modern meanings.