Word Family - Greek

December theme: Pre-Classical Mediterranean 🏝️

Teaser

Greek, Charles, corn, grain, grenade

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *ǵerh₂- to grow old, to mature
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵerh₂e-ti primary verb
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Slavic *zьrěti to ripen
          • East Slavic
            • Russian зреть zretʹ to ripen, to mature
            • Ukrainian зрі́ти zríty to ripen, to grow, to form
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian зре̏ти zrȅti to ripen, to mature
          • West Slavic
            • Polish źrzeć to ripen
          • Slavic *zьrělъ ripe
            • East Slavic зьрѣлыи zĭrělyi ripe
              • Russian зре́лый zrélyj mature, ripe
            • South Slavic
              • Old Church Slavonic зьрѣлъ zĭrělŭ ripe
      • Indo-Iranian *ĵárati
        • Indo-Aryan *ȷ́árati
          • Sanskrit जरति járati to make old
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂y-éti intransitive imperfective
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit जूर्यति juryati to grow old, to decay, to become decrepit
      • Tocharian *kwär- to age, to grow old
        • Arshian *kwär-
        • Kuchean *kwär-
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵorh₂eu?
      • Anatolian
        • Hittite karū formerly, earlier, already
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nó-s matured, old basic adjective
      • Indo-Iranian *ĵr̥Hnás
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit जीर्ण jīrṇá aged, worn out, decayed
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂yó-s matured, old alternate adjective form
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek γεραιός geraiós old
          • Latin Grāius
      • Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂yeh₂ old person, old woman
        • Hellenic
          • Ancient Greek γραῖα graîa old woman
            • Greek γριά griá old woman
            • Ancient Greek Γραῖα Graîa an ancient Greek city in Boeotia
              • Ancient Greek Τᾰ́νᾰγρ(αῖ)ᾰ Tánagr(ai)a Greek city in Boeotia, sometimes identified with Graîa
              • Ancient Greek Γραικός Graikós inhabitant of Graia
                • Latin Graecus Greek presumably after early visitors/colonists to southern Italy from Graia
                  • Sardinian grecu Greek
                  • Eastern Romance
                    • Romanian grec Greek
                  • Western Romance
                    • Old French griu Greek
                      • French grive thrush (bird)
                      • French pie-grièche shrike (bird)
                    • Italian greco Greek
                    • Spanish griego Greek
                      • Spanish gringo foreigner, outlander
                        • English gringo
                  • Old English Grecas Greek
                    • English Greek
                    • Old English Grēcland
                  • French grec Greek
                  • Ostrogothic 𐌺𐍂𐌴𐌺𐍃 krēks Greek
                  • Latin Graecia Greece
                    • Western Romance
                      • French Grèce
                        • English Greece
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵerh₂ro-s
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek γεραρός gerarós old man, respectable, majestic
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵérh₂onts old Caland adjective
      • Old Armenian: ծերուն cerun old
        • Armenian ծերուն cerun old
        • Old Armenian ծերունի ceruni old person, aged, senile
          • Armenian ծերունի ceruni old person, aged, senile
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek: γέρων gérōn old, old man, elders, council of elders
          • Greek γέροντας gérontas
          • English geronto-
      • Indo-Iranian: *ĵárHants
        • Indo-Aryan *ĵárHants
          • Sanskrit जरत् járat old, ancient, decayed
        • Iranian *ĵárHanth
          • Northern Iranian
            • Scythian
              • Alanian *zarand
                • Ancient Greek Ζάρανδος Zárandos personal name
              • Ossetian зӕронд zærond old, ancient, archaic
      • Messapic
        • Messapian *deranθ- old
          • Messapian 𐌃𐌄𐌓𐌀𐌍𐌈𐌏𐌀 deranθoa elders, council of elders, senate
      • Tocharian *śärān-
        • Kuchean śrāñ- old
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵērh₂-s
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek γῆρας gêras age, old age
          • English geriatric
          • Ancient Greek γέρας géras gift of honour, gift, perquisite, reward
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵérh₂o old person, old man
      • Old Armenian ծեր cer old man, elder
        • Armenian ծեր cer old, old man
      • Germanic **karą old man
        • Germanic *karilaz young man, free man, franklin dimunitive
          • North Germanic ᚲᚨᚱᛁᛚᚨᛉ karilaz
            • Old Norse karl man
              • Danish karl farmhand, groom, guy
              • Icelandic karl man, husband
              • Old English carl
                • English carl
            • Finnic karilas
          • West Germanic
            • Old English ċeorl man, peasant, churl
              • English churl
            • Frankish *karal
          • Samic
            • Northern Sami gállis old man
          • Germanic *Karilaz personal name
            • North Germanic
              • Old Norse Karl
                • Danish Karl
                  • Greenlandic Kaarali
                • Icelandic Karl
                • English Carl
            • West Germanic
              • Old High German *Karal
                • German Karl
                  • English Carl
                • Latin Carolus
                  • Western Romance
                    • Old French Carles
                      • French Charles
                        • English Charles
                      • Old French Carles li magnes Charles the Great, Charlemagne
                        • French Charlemagne
                          • English Charlemagne
                    • Italian Carlo
                    • Spanish Carlos
                • Slavic *kõrljь Charlemagne, king
                  • East Slavic король korolĭ king
                    • Russian коро́ль korólʹ king
                  • South Slavic
                    • Serbo-Croatian кра̑љ krȃlj king
                    • Hungarian király king
                    • Romanian crai king, emperor, ruler, lady's man
                    • Ottoman Turkish قرال kral king
                      • Turkish kral king
                  • West Slavic
                    • Polish król king
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm grain
      • Proto-Albanian *grunā wheat
        • Albaniaan grurë wheat
      • Balto-Slavic *źirˀna- grain
        • Lithuanian žìrnis pea
        • Slavic *zь̀rno grain
          • East Slavic
            • Russian зерно́ zernó grain, cereal, seed
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic зрьно zrĭno grain
            • Serbo-Croatian зр̏но zȑno grain, kernel, bullet
          • West Slavic
            • Polish ziarno grain
        • Finnic *herneh
          • Finnish herne pea
      • Celtic *grānom
        • Brythonic *grọn
          • Welsh grawn cereal, seed
            • Welsh grawnwin grape lit. "seed-wine"
        • Old Irish grán
          • Irish grán grain
      • Germanic *kurną grain, cereal
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic
            • Ostrogothic 𐌺𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌽 kaurn grain, seed
            • Crimean Gothic kor wheat, grain
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse korn grain
            • Danish korn cereal, grain
            • Icelandic korn cereal, grain
              • Icelandic frjókorn pollen
        • West Germanic
          • Old English corn grain, seed
            • English corn
              • Māori kānga maize, corn
          • Frankish *korn
            • Dutch koren grain
              • Afrikaans koring wheat
          • Old High German korn
            • German Korn kernel, bead, cereal, grain
              • German Korn(brand) grain brandy, Korn
                • English Korn
            • Yiddish קאָרן korn
        • Samic
          • Northern Sami gordni grain
        • Germanic *kurnilaz kernel
          • West Germanic
            • Old English cyrnel
              • English kernel
            • Old High German
              • Yiddish קערנדל kerndl kernel
      • Italic *grānom
        • Latin grānum grain, seed, kernel
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian grâu wheat, grain, cereal
          • Western Romance
            • Old French grain
              • French grain
              • English grain
              • Irish gráinne single grain, small amount
            • Italian grano wheat, cereal, grain, peppercorn, bead, money
              • Italian granire to granulate
                • Italian granito granite lit. "granulated"
                  • French granit granite
                    • English granite
            • Spanish grano cereal, seed, bean, grain, pimple, point
          • Latin grānulum small grain, granule
            • English granule
          • Latin grānātus having many seeds or grains
            • Western Romance
              • Spanish granado grained, seeded, rich
            • Latin grānātum pomegranate
              • Western Romance
                • Old French grenate pomegranate
                  • French grenade
                    • English grenade
                  • French grenat garnet
                  • English garnet
                  • Old French pomme grenate pomegranate lit. "pomegranate fruit"
                    • English pomegranate
                • Italian granata pomegranate, grenade
                  • Italian granato garnet
                • Spanish granada pomegranate, grenade, artillery shell
          • Latin grānārium granary
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian grânar granary
            • Western Romance
              • Old French
                • French grenier granary, attic, garret
                • English garner
              • Italian granaio granary, barn
              • Spanish granero granary, barn
            • English granary
          • Vulgar Latin *granica
            • Western Romance
              • Old French grange granary, barn, small farm
                • French grange barn
                • English grange
                • Italian grangia grange, monastic farm
    • Proto-Indo-European *ǵérhmn̥ resultative noun
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Iranian
          • Western Iranian
            • Old Persian
              • Persian خرمن xarman harvest, crop

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Collected English words

gringo, Greek, Greece, geronto-, geriatric, carl, churl, Carl, Charles, Charlemagne, corn, Korn, kernel, grain, granite, granule, grenade, garnet, pomegranate, garner, granary, grange