Word Family - Hall

July theme: Architecture 🏛️

Teaser

hall, cellar, lid, color, hell, apocalypse

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- to cover
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱéle-ti to be covering, to be hiding primary imperfective
      • Celtic *keleti
        • Brythonic *kelɨd
          • Middle Welsh kelu
        • Old Irish ceilid to hide, to conceal
          • Irish ceil to hide, to conceal
          • Old Irish con-ceil to conceal
      • Germanic *helaną to hide, to conceal
        • West Germanic
          • Old English helan to hide, to conceal
            • Scots hele to cover, to conceal, to hide, to keep a secret
          • Frankish *helan
            • Dutch helen to accept stolen goods, to fence
          • Old High German helan
            • German hehlen to buy and sell stolen goods, to fence
              • German Hehler trafficker in stolen goods, fence
            • Old High German firhelan
              • German verhehlen to conceal
                • German verhohlen concealed, secret, suppressed
      • Italic *kelō
        • Latin *celō
          • Latin occulō I cover, I hide, I conceal from ob+celō
            • Latin occultō I conceal, I hide
              • Latin occultus hidden, concealed, secret
                • Western Romance
                  • French occulte occult
                    • English occult
                  • Italian occulto hidden, concealed, secret, occult
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱl̥ye-ti ye- imperfective
      • Germanic *huljaną to cover, to veil
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌷𐌿𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽 huljan
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse hylja
            • Danish hylle
            • Icelandic hylja to hide, to cover
        • West Germanic
          • Old English hyllan to cover
          • Frankish *hullen
            • Dutch hullen to wrap
          • Old High German *hullen
            • German hüllen to wrap, to drape, to cover
        • Germanic *anþihuljaną to uncover
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌷𐌿𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽 andhuljan to uncover, to reveal
          • West Germanic
            • Old English
              • Middle English unhilen to expose, to to reveal, to remove a covering
            • Frankish
              • Dutch onthullen to reveal, to uncover
            • Old High German
              • German enthüllen to unveil
        • Germanic *huljaz? cover, veil, hood
          • West Germanic
            • Old English
              • English hull
            • Frankish
              • Dutch hul hood
            • Old High German hulla head covering
              • German Hülle wrapping, sheath, husk, shell
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱléyti éy- imperfective
      • Proto-Indo-European *ḱley- reanalysed root
        • Proto-Indo-European *ḱléytreh₂ shelter, covering
          • Celtic *klētrā
            • Old Irish
              • Middle Irish clithar shelter
          • Germanic *hlīþrō
            • East Germanic
              • Gothic 𐌷𐌻𐌴𐌹𐌸𐍂𐌰 hleiþra hut, tent
                • Gothic 𐌷𐌻𐌴𐌸𐍂𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌺𐌴𐌹𐌽𐍃 hlēþrastakeins Sukkot, Feast of Tabernacles
          • Italic *kleitrā
            • Umbrian kletram palanquin?, bier? attested in Acc.
            • Italic *kleitrela
              • Latin clītellae pack saddle
        • Proto-Indo-European *ḱloywó-s
          • Germanic *hlaiwaz shelter
            • East Germanic
              • Gothic 𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐍅 hlaiw tomb, grave
                • Gothic 𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐍅𐌰𐍃𐌽𐌰 hlaiwasna grave
            • West Germanic
              • Old English hlēo shelter
                • English lee
              • Old High German (h)lēo grave mound
              • Old Saxon hlēo
                • German Lee lee, leeward side of a ship
                • Dutch lij lee
                • Slavic *xlěvъ
                  • East Slavic хлѣвъ xlěvŭ cowshed
                    • Russian хлев xlev stable, stall, cowshed, pigsty
        • Proto-Indo-European *ḱlitó-s covered, sheltered
          • Celtic *klitos covered, sheltered
            • Brythonic *klɨd
              • Welsh clyd cosy, sheltered, snug, warm
          • Germanic *hliþą lid, cover
            • North Germanic
              • Old Norse hlið
                • Icelandic hlið gate
            • West Germanic
              • Old English hlid lid, cover
                • English lid
        • Proto-Indo-European ?
          • Balto-Slavic
            • Slavic *sьlojь layer
              • East Slavic
                • Russian слой sloj layer, stratum, coat (of paint)
              • South Slavic
                • Serbo-Croatian сло̑ј slȏj layer, stratum
              • West Slavic
                • Polish złoże
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱelmo-s
      • Germanic *helmaz
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌷𐌹𐌻𐌼𐍃 hilms helmet
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse hjalmr helmet
            • Danish hjelm helmet
            • Icelandic hjálmur helmet
        • West Germanic
          • Old English helm
            • English helm
          • Frankish *helm
            • Dutch helm
            • Medieval Latin helmus
              • Old French helme helmet
                • French heaume helmet (historical or heraldy)
                • Old French helmet helmet diminutive
                  • French armet armet, full face helmet
                    • English armet
                  • English helmet
                    • Japanese ヘルメット herumetto helmet
                    • Korean 헬멧 helmet helmet
                  • Italian elmetto helmet
              • Spanish yelmo helmet (historical or heraldy)
              • Italian elmo helmet (historical or heraldy)
        • Germanic *Wiljahelmaz Male given name
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse Vilhjálmr
              • Icelandic Vilhjálmur
          • West Germanic
            • Frankish
              • Old French Willame
                • Anglo-Norman
                  • English William
                  • Irish Uilliam
                    • Irish Liam
                • French Guillaume
            • Old High German
              • German Wilhelm
          • Latin Gulielmus
            • Western Romance
              • Italian Guglielmo
              • Spanish Guillermo
        • Slavic *šelmъ helmet
          • East Slavic шеломъ šelomŭ
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian шле̏м šlȅm helmet
            • Old Church Slavonic шлѣмъ šlěmŭ helmet
              • Russian шлем šlem helmet, headpiece
          • West Slavic
            • Old Polish szłom helmet
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱel?nō-s
      • Indo-Iranian *ĉalanás
        • Indo-Aryan *śalaṇás
          • Sanskrit शरण śaraṇa shelter, refuge, protection
            • Hindi शरण śaraṇ shelter, refuge
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱeleh₂
      • Germanic *hallō hall
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse hǫll
            • Danish hal
            • Icelandic höll
            • Old Norse Valhǫll
              • New Latin Valhalla
                • English Valhalla
        • West Germanic
          • Old English heall hall, residence, manor house, court
            • English hall
            • Scots haw manor house, hall
          • Frankish *halla
            • Dutch hal hall, hallway
            • Medieval Latin halla house, dwelling, manor house, court, market hall
              • Old French halle
                • French halle hall, covered market
          • Old High German halla
            • German Halle hall
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit शाला śā́lā house, mansion, hall, shed, workshop
            • Magadhi
              • Assamese শালি xali house, hall
              • Assamese শাল xal factory, machine, apparatus
            • Sauraseni
              • Madhya
                • Hindi साल sāl house, hall, place
              • Pali sālā
                • Khmer សាលា saalaa hall, school, institution, court (of law)
                  • Khmer សាលារៀន saalaariən school
                • Thai ศาลา sǎa-laa pavillion, gazebo, meeting hall
            • Telugu శాల śāla house, edifice, hall, room, place
      • Italic
        • Latin cella small room, hut, granary, pantry, shrine, altar
          • Western Romance
            • Italian cella cell
            • Spanish cilla granary, tithe barn
          • Old English cella cell (monastic)
            • English cell
          • Ancient Greek κέλλα kélla
            • Koine Greek κελλίον kellíon
              • Greek κελί kelí cell
              • Koine Greek κελλία kellía plural
                • East Slavic келиꙗ kelija
                  • Russian ке́лья kélʹja cell (monastic)
          • Irish cill churchyard, church, cell
          • Spanish celda cell
            • Tagalog selda cell
          • Latin *cellarius related to huts, pantries, or granaries
            • Medieval Latin cellarius
              • Italian cellario monk in charge of a monastery's food stores
              • Spanish Cellario
            • Latin cellarium storeroom, larder, cellar, pantry re-substantivized
              • Eastern Romance
                • Romanian celar pantry, larder
              • Western Romance
                • Old French celier cellar, storeroom
                  • French cellier cellar, storeroom
                  • English cellar
                • Italian cellaio wine shop
                • Spanish cillero granary, vault, cellar, storeroom
              • Albanian qilar
              • Old High German kellari
                • German Keller cellar, basement
              • Greek κελάρι kelári cellar
              • Old Norse kellari
                • Icelandic kjallari cellar, basement
                • Finnish kellari cellar
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱélō-s
      • Germanic *hulisō case, covering, shell, pod
        • West Germanic
          • Frankish
            • Dutch huls shell
          • Old High German
            • German Hülse pod, case
      • Italic *kelōs outside, outward appearance
        • Old Latin colos
          • Latin color color, pigment, complexion, outward appearance
            • Sardinian caori
            • Western Romance
              • Old French
                • French couleur color, suit (cards)
                  • Haitian Creole koulè color
                  • Danish kulør color, suit (cards), complexion
                • Dutch kleur color, suit (cards)
                • English color
              • Italian colore color
              • Spanish color color, motive, pretext, character, faction, ethnicity
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱelyo-s
      • Germanic *haljō underworld, hell
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌻𐌾𐌰 halja hell
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse
            • Old Norse Hel
              • English Hel
            • Icelandic hel underworld, death, hell
        • West Germanic
          • Old English hell
            • English hell
          • Frankish hella
            • Dutch hel hell
          • Old High German hellia
            • German Hölle hell
        • Germanic *haljō-? hell-punishment
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse helvíti hell
              • Danish helvede hell
              • Icelandic helvíti hell
              • Finnish helvetti hell, damn
          • West Germanic
            • Old English hellewīte hell-punishment, torment, pain
            • Old High German hellawīzi
      • Italic *keljom
        • Latin cilium eyelid
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱēlō noun
      • Germanic
        • West Germanic
          • Old High German hāla the hiding
      • Italic *kēlō
        • Latin cēlō I hide, I cover
          • Western Romance
            • French celer to hide, to conceal
            • Italian celare to conceal
            • Spanish celar to watch over, to conceal, to be jealous
          • Latin concēlō I conceal
            • Western Romance
              • Old French conceler to hide, to conceal
                • English conceal
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱēlmn̥
      • Indo-Iranian *ĉālman
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit शर्मन् śarman shelter, safety, house, happy, prosperous
            • Hindi शर्मा śarmā
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱleh₂-
      • Italic *klām
        • Latin clam stealthily, secretly, privately, unknown to
        • Italic *klām-de
          • Latin clandestīnus clandestine, secret, concealed
            • Western Romance
              • French clandestin
                • English clandestine
              • Italian clandestino illicit, secret, undercover, clandestine, stowaway, illegal immigrant
              • Spanish clandestino clandestine, illegal immigrant
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱēli-s
      • Germanic *hēliz concealing, deceitful, treacherous
        • West Germanic
          • Old High German hāli treacherous, slippery
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱoleso-s
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek κολεός koleós sheath, scabbard, cinerary urn, pericardium
          • Greek κολεός koleós vagina, sheath, scabbard
          • Latin cōleus sack, testicles, scortum
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian coaie balls, testicles
            • Western Romance
              • French couille balls, testicles
              • Italian coglia scrotum
              • Spanish cojones balls, testilces
                • English cojones
    • Proto-Indo-European ?
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek καλύπτω kalúptō I conceal
          • Greek καλύπτω kalýpto I cover, I coat, I provide covering fire
          • Ancient Greek Καλυψώ Kalupsṓ Calypso, the name of one or more sea nymphs lit. "she conceals"
            • Latin Calypso
              • English Calypso
          • Ancient Greek ἀποκαλύπτω apokalúptō I reveal
            • Greek αποκαλύπτω apokalýpto I reveal, I expose, I uncover
            • Ancient Greek ἀποκάλυψις apokálupsis revelation, disclosure
              • Latin apocalypsis revelation
              • Koine Greek Ἀποκάλυψις Ἰωάννου The Apocalypse of John, aka The Book of Revelation original language title and first word
                • Greek αποκάλυψη apokálypsi
                • Russian апока́липсис apokálipsis
                • Medieval Latin Apocalypsis Ioannis The Apocalypse of John
                  • Medieval Latin apocalypsis The Christian end of days prophesied in the Apocalypse of John
                    • French apocalypse
                      • English apocalypse
                    • Italian apocalisse
                    • Spanish apocalipsis
                    • Old Irish abcolips
                    • Irish apacailipsis

Visual

Collected English words

occult, hull, lee, lid, helm, armet, helmet, William, Valhalla, hall, cell, cellar, color, Hel, hell, conceal, clandestine, cojones, Calypso, apocalypse