Word Family - Hard

Introduction

Democracy is Hard.

Teaser

Hippocratic Oath, democracy, hard, Richard

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *kret- strength, power
    • Proto-Indo-European *krétus
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek κρατύς kratús
      • Indo-Iranian *krátuš power, capability, intelligence
        • Indo-Aryan *krátuṣ
          • Sanskrit क्रतु krátu intelligence, plan, power, ability
        • Iranian *xrátuh
        • Avestan 𐬑𐬭𐬀𐬙𐬎 xratu intelligence, thought, guidance
        • Western Iranian
          • Northwestern Iranian
            • Medean *xratu
              • Old Persian 𐎧𐎼𐎬 x-r-tu
                • Persian خرد xerad judgment, intellect, wisdom
                • Old Armenian խրատ xrat advice, judgment, correction, punishment, discipline, education
                  • Armenian խրատ xrat admonition, advice, lesson, punishment
    • Proto-Indo-European *krétos
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek κράτος krátos strength, power, rulership, valour, violence
          • Greek κράτος krátos state (sovereign country)
          • Ancient Greek Ναύκρᾰτῐς Naúkratis Ship-Command (place name)
            • Greek Ναύκρατις Náfkratis
            • Egyptian 𓊖𓂓𓂋𓍿𓊖 nwtkꜣrṯ
            • Latin Naucratis
          • Ancient Greek Ῐ̔πποκρᾰ́της Hippokrátēs Horse-Power (personal name)
            • Greek Ιπποκράτης Ippokrátis
            • Latin Hippocratēs
              • English Hippocrates
                • English Hippocratic Oath
          • Ancient Greek Σωκρᾰ́της Sōkrátēs Safety-Power (personal name)
            • Arabic سُقْرَاط suqrāṭ
              • Persian سقراط soqrât
                • Hindi सुक़रात suqrāt
            • Chinese 苏格拉底 sū gé lā dǐ
            • Latin Sōcratēs
              • English Socrates
          • Ancient Greek Ξενοκρᾰ́της Xenokrátēs Guest-Power (personal name)
          • Ancient Greek -κρατία -kratía
            • Ancient Greek ἀριστοκρατίᾱ aristokratíā
              • English aristocracy
            • Ancient Greek αὐτοκρατία autokratía
              • English autocracy
              • Ancient Greek αὐτοκρατορία autokratoría
                • Greek αυτοκρατορία aftokratoría empire
            • Ancient Greek δημοκρατία democracy, popular government lit. "rule of the people"
              • Greek δημοκρατία dimokratía democracy, republic
              • Latin dēmocratia
                • Old French
                  • French démocratie
                  • English democracy
            • English -cracy
    • Proto-Indo-European *kortús
      • Germanic *harduz brave, strong, hard, hardy
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐍂𐌳𐌿𐍃 hardus hard
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse harðr hard, hardy, stern, severe
            • Danish hård hard, tough, harsh, severe
            • Icelandic harður severe, harsh, stubborn, remorseless
        • West Germanic
          • Old English heard hard, harsh, severe, hardy, brave, stubborn
            • English hard
          • Frankish *hard
            • Dutch
          • Old High German hart
            • German hart hard, severe, harsh
            • Yiddish האַרט hart tough
        • Finnic *hardas
          • Finnish harras earnest, devout, pious
        • Germanic *hardijanã to make hard, to harden, to strengthen
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌷𐌰𐍂𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 gahardjan to harden
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse herða to harden, to temper, to embolden, to encourage
              • Icelandic herða to harden, to tighten
          • West Germanic
            • Old English hierdan to harden, to strengthen, to tighten, to embolden
              • English harden
            • Frankish
              • Dutch harden to harden, to temper, to endure
              • Old French hardir to harden
                • Old French hardi hardy, tough, brave
                  • French hardi bold, brave
                  • English hardy
            • Old High German herten
              • German härten to solidify, to harden, to set
          • Finno-Samic
            • Finnic *kärcidäk to endure, to suffer
              • Finnish kärsiä to suffer from, to experience, to undergo
            • Samic *kiertëtēk to suffer
              • Northern Sami gierdat to suffer, to endure, to withstand
        • Germanic *Bernuharduz Bear-Brave (personal name)
          • West Germanic
            • Frankish
              • Latin Bernardus
                • French Bernard
                • English Bernard
                • Italian Bernardo
            • Old High German Bernhart
              • German Bernhard
        • Germanic *Gaizaharduz Spear-Brave (personal name)
          • West Germanic
            • Frankish
              • Dutch Gerart
              • French Gérard
                • English Gerard
                  • English Garrett
            • Old High German
              • German Gerhard
        • Germanic *Leonharduz Lion-Brave (personal name)
          • West Germanic
            • Frankish
              • French Léonard
                • English Leonard
              • Italian Leonardo
        • Germanic *Raginaharduz Advice-Brave (personal name)
          • West Germanic
            • Frankish
              • Dutch Reinaart
                • English Reynard
              • Old French Renart
                • French renard fox after the medieval cycle of Reynard the Fox
                • English Reynard
        • Germanic *Rīkaharduz King-Brave (personal name)
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse Ríkharðr
              • Icelandic Ríkharður
          • West Germanic
            • Frankish *Rīkahard
              • French Richard
                • English Richard
                  • English Rick
                    • English Dick
                      • English dick
                      • English Dixon
                        • English Dixie
                    • English Hick
                      • English Hitchcock
                      • English hick
                  • Welsh Richard
                    • Welsh ap Richard
                      • English Prichard
              • Spanish Ricardo
            • Old High German
              • German Rikard
        • Germanic *Wiljaharduz Will-Brave (personal name)
          • West Germanic
            • Old English Wilheard
              • English Willard
    • Proto-Indo-European *kr̥teros
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek καρτερός karterós strong, steadfast, obstinate, violent

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Collected English words

Hippocrates, Hippocratic Oath, Socrates, aristocracy, autocracy, democracy, -cracy, hard, harden, hardy, Bernard, Gerard, Garrett, Leonard, Reynard, Reynard, Richard, Rick, Dick, dick, Dixon, Dixie, Hick, Hitchcock, hick, Prichard, Willard