Word Family - Horse

March theme: Horses 🐎

Introduction

In which "horse" and "car" turn out to be almost identical words! Both from <*kr̥sos>: "running thing".

Teaser

course, car, charge, cargo, walrus, horse, rush

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *k̑ers- to run
    • Proto-Indo-European ḱr̥sé-ti primary verb
      • Italic *korzō
        • Latin currō I run
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian curge flow, run, drip
          • Western Romance
            • French corir to run
              • English courier
              • French courant running, current of water or electricity
                • English current
            • Italian correre to run, to hurry
            • Spanish correr to run, to flow, to chase away, to rush
          • Latin cursus race, path, serires of events
            • French cours course
              • English course
                • English coarse [1]
          • Sardinian cúrrere
          • Latin cursor runner, racer, messenger, courier
            • English cursor
            • Latin cursōrius running
              • Eastern Romance
                • Romanian cursoare current, tide, flow archaic
              • Western Romance
                • French
                  • English cursory
                • Italian corsoio slide, slider
    • Proto-Indo-European *kr̥sos runner
      • Celtic *karros wagon
        • Brythonic *karr
          • Welsh car automobile
        • Old Irish carr wagon
          • Irish carr cart, automobile
        • Gaulish *karros
          • Latin carrus wagon
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian car cart, chariot
            • Western Romance
              • Italian carro wagon, cart, van, truck
              • Spanish carro wagon, automobile
              • Old French car cart
                • Anglo-Norman carre cart
                  • English car
                • Old French cariot little cart
                  • French chariot trolley
                  • English chariot
                • Old French carier to carry
                  • French charrier to carry, to transport
                  • English carry
                  • Old French cariage transportion, carrying
                    • English carriage
                    • Spanish carruaje carriage
              • Latin carrūca chariot, coach, wheeled plow
                • Eastern Romance
                  • Romanian căruță wagon, cart
                • Western Romance
                  • French charrue plow, snow plow
                  • Italian carrozza carriage, rail car
                    • French carrosse carriage
                    • Greek καρότσα karótsa trailer, back of a pickup truck, carriage
                    • Spanish carroza carriage, hearse, old-fashioned
              • Latin (via) carrāria wagon road
                • Eastern Romance
                  • Romanian cărare path, footway
                • Western Romance
                  • French charrière path, route, road
                  • Italian carraia street, road, wagon path (archaic)
                  • Old Occitan
                    • French carrière race course, career
                      • English career
                    • Italian carriera career
                    • Spanish carrera race, course of study, career, run
              • Latin carricō I load (a wagon), I load (a weapon)
                • Eastern Romance
                  • Romanian a încărca to charge, to load, to burden
                • Western Romance
                  • French charger to load, to charge, to overact, to see to
                    • English charge
                  • Italian caricare to load, to stow, to emphasize, to charge
                    • Italian carico the act of loading, a load, cargo
                  • Spanish cargar to charge, to load, to pester
                    • Spanish cargo charge, burden, position
                      • English cargo
                        • French cargo freighter, ship designed to carry freight
      • Germanic *hrussą horse
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse hross horse
            • Old Norse hross-hvalr horse-whale, walrus
              • Danish hvalros walrus
                • English walrus
        • West Germanic
          • Old English hors horse
            • English horse
              • Māori hōiho horse
          • Frankish rosse horse
            • Dutch ros horse, steed replaced by paard
            • French rosse asshole
          • Old High German hros horse
            • German Ross horse regional/poetic/archaic, replaced by Pferd
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ἐπίκουρος epíkouros helper, assistant, ally, mercenary ~"one who runs along with"?
      • Italic *korzos
        • Latin currus chariot
          • Latin curūlis of a chariot, for a chariot, a ceremonial seat for high magistrates
            • Spanish carril lane, track, rail
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥snéh₂-ti to run and run, to hurry imperfective iterative
      • Germanic *hurzaną hurry
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse
            • Norwegian hurre whirl around
        • West Germanic
          • Old English
            • English hurry
          • Old High German hurren to hurry, to hasten
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥skó-s fast
      • Germanic *hurskaz fast, quick, lively
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse horskr
            • Icelandic horskur clever
            • Finnish hurskas wise, pious
        • West Germanic
          • Old English horsc
        • Germanic *hurskijaną to be fast, to rush
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic *hruskan
              • Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌷𐍂𐌿𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌽 andhruskan to explore, to investigate lit. "rush towards"
          • West Germanic
            • Old English hrysċan to jolt, to startle
              • English rush
    • Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥s-r-u-
      • Tocharian
        • Arshian kursär vehicle
        • Kushean kwarsär vehicle

Visual

Image is a visual representation of the text content above.

Collected English words

courier, current, course, coarse, cursor, cursory, car, chariot, carry, carriage, career, charge, cargo, walrus, horse, hurry, rush

Footnotes

  1. ^

    Semantic chain from "Following the usual course" to "ordinary, common" to "low quality" to "rough"