Word Family - Light

Teaser

Lucifer, light, Waterloo, Roxane, lunar, lynx

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *lewk- to shine, to see
    • Proto-Indo-European *léwks shine noun
      • Old Armenian *loycʿ-
        • Old Armenian լուցանեմ
          • Armenian լուցել
      • Italic
        • Latin lūx light
          • Translingual lux SI unit of illumniation (1 lumen/m²)
          • Latin lūcifer light bringer, morning star (Venus)
            • English Lucifer [1]
            • English lucifer
              • Dutch lucifer match
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Iranian
          • Northern Iranian
            • Scythian
              • Ossetian рухс
          • Western Iranian
            • Old Persian
              • Persian رخش
    • Proto-Indo-European *lowkéh-ti to be shining, to be visible stative
      • Balto-Slavic *laukeitei to look for?
        • Lithuanian láukti to wait, to expect, to hope for
        • Slavic *lučìti to see? to find? to accomplish?
          • East Slavic
            • Russian лучи́ть lučítʹ
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian лу́чити
          • West Slavic
            • Czech lučit to throw
      • Italic *loukeō
        • Latin lūceō I shine, I become visible, I dawn, I am apparent
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian a luci to shine, to sparkle, to beam with joy
          • Western Romance
            • French luire to shine, to glimmer
            • Italian lucere to shine archaic
            • Spanish lucir to shine, to show off, to sport
          • Latin lūcidus shining, bright, clear
            • English lucid
          • Latin trānslūceō I shine across, I shine through
            • English translucent
    • Indo-Iranian
      • Indo-Aryan
        • Sanskrit रोचते
      • Iranian
        • Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬗𐬀𐬵
        • Western Iranian
          • Kurdish roj
          • Old Persian raučah day
            • Persian روز
              • Persian نوروز
                • English Nowruz
    • Proto-Indo-European *lewkós shiny
      • Old Armenian լոյս
        • Armenian լույս
      • Celtic *loukos white, eyesight
        • Brythonic *lʉg
          • Middle Welsh llug eyesight, perception
        • Gaulish Leucus
        • Old Irish lóg value, worth
          • Old Irish lógmar precious, valuable
            • Irish luachmhar valuable, costly, precious
      • Hellenic
        • Mycenaean Greek 𐀩𐀄𐀏
        • Ancient Greek λευκός
          • Ancient Greek Ἄκρα Λευκή
            • Latin Leukante
              • Arabic اَللَقَنْت
                • Spanish Alicante
          • German Leukämie leukemia
            • English leukemia
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit रोक
    • Proto-Indo-European *lewktos bright
      • Germanic *leuhtaz light, brightness
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌷𐌰𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse ljóss bright, shining, fair, evident
            • Danish lys light, bright, blond, cheery
            • Icelandic ljós a light
            • Old Norse Ljósálfr Light Elf
        • West Germanic
          • Old English lēoht light
            • English light
            • Scots licht light
          • Frankish *lioht
            • Dutch licht light, inspiration
          • Old High German lioht
            • German Licht light, candle
            • Yiddish ליכט
    • Proto-Indo-European *léwksmn̥
      • Italic
        • Latin lūmen light, daylight, opening, window, eyes
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian lume world, people, humanity
          • Western Romance
            • French lumière light
            • Italian lume light source, star, eyes
            • Spanish lumbre combustible material, fire, firelight, luminosity
          • Translingual lumen SI unit of luminous flux (1 candela-steradian)
          • Latin lūminō I illuminate, I reveal, I brighten
            • Latin illūminō
              • English illuminate
    • Proto-Indo-European *lówkos
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian laũkas field, outdoors
      • Germanic *lauhaz clearing
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse
            • Norwegian lo
              • Norwegian Oslo
        • West Germanic
          • Old English lēah clearing, meadow, woodland
            • English Leigh
            • English Beverley beaver meadow place name
          • Frankish *lōh
            • Dutch loo clearing
              • Dutch Waterloo
                • English Waterloo
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit लोक
            • Apabhraṃśa
              • Bengali লোক lok public, people, others
            • Sauraseni 𑀮𑁄𑀕 loga
              • Madhya
                • Hindi लोग log people
              • Pali
                • Thai โลก lôok land, country, world, humanity
            • Telugu లోకము lōkamu world, humanity, the public, community, life
      • Italic
        • Latin lūcus sacred grove
    • Proto-Indo-European *lowkyo
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Slavic *lučь ray, beam
          • East Slavic
            • Russian луч luč ray, beam
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian лу̑ч lȗč light archaic
          • West Slavic
            • Polish łuczywo torch
    • Proto-Indo-European *lówksneh₂ moon
      • Old Armenian լուսին lusin moon, month, horseshoe
        • Armenian լուսին lusin moon
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Slavic *lunà moon
          • East Slavic
            • Russian луна́ luná moon
          • West Slavic
            • Polish łuna radiance, glow
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Iranian
          • Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬑𐬱𐬥𐬀 raoxšna bright
          • Bactrian Raoxshna Bright (personal name) [2]
            • Persian روشنک Roshanak
            • Ancient Greek Ῥωξᾱ́νη Rhōxā́nē
              • Greek Ρωξανη Roxani
              • Latin Roxane
                • English Roxane
                • Italian Rossana
          • Western Iranian
            • Kurdish ron
            • Persian روشن rowšan light, bright
              • Persian روشنی roušani brightness, clearness, clarity
                • Hindi रौशनी rauśnī light, luster, splendor
      • Italic *louksnā
        • Latin lūna moon
          • Sardinian luna moon
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian lună moon, month
          • Western Romance
            • French lune moon
            • Italian luna moon
            • Spanish luna moon
          • Latin lūnāris lunar
            • English lunar
    • Proto-Indo-European ? lynx [3]
      • Old Armenian
        • Old Armenian լուսանունք lusanunkʿ lynxes only attested in plural
        • Armenian լուսան lusan lynx
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian lūšis lynx
        • Slavic *rỳsь lynx
          • East Slavic
            • Russian рысь rysʹ lynx
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian ри̏с rȉs lynx
          • West Slavic
            • Polish ryś lynx
          • Romanian râs lynx
      • Celtic
        • Old Irish
          • Middle Irish lug lynx, warrior
      • Germanic *luhsa lynx
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse *luhǭ
            • Swedish lo lynx
        • West Germanic
          • Old English lox lynx
            • Scots los lynx
          • Frankish *lohs
            • Dutch los lynx
          • Old High German luhs
            • German Luchs lynx
      • Hellenic
        • Greek λύγξ lúnks lynx
          • Latin lynx lynx
            • French lynx lynx
              • English lynx
            • Spanish lince lynx
              • Tagalog linse lynx

Visual

Image is a visual representation of the text content above.

Collected English words

lux, Lucifer, lucifer, lucid, translucent, Nowruz, leukemia, light, lumen, illuminate, Leigh, Beverley, Waterloo, Roxane, lunar, lynx

Footnotes

  1. ^

    Lucifer to mean "Christian Antagonist, esp. before his fall", is based on a questionable translation decision in King James.

  2. ^

    The Bactrian name Raoxshna, is notably the name of Alexander the Great's Bactrian wife, which is why it spread to Greece and the Europe.

  3. ^

    "lynx" is assumed to derived from "light" due its reflective eyes in the dark.

    Kroonen says: "All potential cognates show some kind of irregular sound correspondence: the laryngeal of Baltic, the /r/ of Slavic, the /n/ of Greek, the /g/ of Irish. Perhaps, these irregularities result from multiple tabooistic distortions. The alternative is to assume repeated borrowing from a non-Indo-European language (or languages)."