Word Family - Moon

October theme: Nighttime 🌃🎂

Teaser

measure, meal, moon, month, medicine, mode, moderate

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *meh₁- to measure
    • Proto-Indo-European *miméh₁-ti reduplicate imperfective
      • Indo-Iranian *mimáHti
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit मिमीते mimīte to measure, to mark off
        • Iranian
          • Avestan 𐬟𐬭𐬀𐬨𐬍𐬨𐬀𐬚𐬁
    • Proto-Indo-European *moh₁ros big, great
      • Celtic *māros big, great
        • Brythonic *mọr
          • Welsh mawr large, big, great
        • Old Irish mór big, great
          • Irish mór big, large, great
        • Celtic *Katumāros Battle-Great personal name
          • Gaulish
            • Latin Catumarus
        • Celtic *Lūtumāros Fury-Great personal name
          • Gaulish
            • Latin Lutumarus
          • Lepontic 𐌋𐌀𐌕𐌖𐌌𐌀𐌓𐌖𐌉 Latumarui
        • Celtic *Segomāros Victory-Great personal name
          • Gaulish
            • Ancient Greek Σεγομαρος Segomaros
        • Celtic *mārāti to enlarge
          • Old Irish móraid to make great, to glorify, to praise, to increase
    • Proto-Indo-European *mēh₁rós big, great
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Slavic *-měrъ
          • Slavic *Voldiměrъ Great-Power personal name
            • East Slavic Володимѣръ Volodiměrŭ
              • Ukrainian Володи́мир Volodýmyr
              • Danish Valdemar
                • English Valdemar
            • South Slavic
              • Old Church Slavonic Владимѣръ Vladiměrŭ
                • Old Church Slavonic Vladimȋrъ
                  • Russian Влади́мир Vladímir
                    • English Vladimir
                  • Polish Włodzimierz
      • Germanic *mēraz great, excellent, famous
        • Germanic *mērijaną to praise, to proclaim
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌼𐌴𐍂𐌾𐌰𐌽 mērjan to proclaim, to preach
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse mæra
              • Icelandic mæra
          • West Germanic
            • Old English mǣran
            • Frankish *māren
              • Dutch maren to announce, to make known
                • Dutch vermaren to make famous
                  • Dutch vermaard renowned
          • Germanic *mērijaz famous
            • North Germanic ᛗᚨᚱᛁᛉ mariz
              • Old Norse mærr famous, glorious, illustrious
            • West Germanic
              • Old English mǣre famous, renowned, sterling (silver)
              • Frankish *mēri
                • Middle Dutch mâre famous, honored, prestigious, message, rumor
              • Old High German māri
                • German Mär tidings, news, story
                  • German Märchen fable, fairy tale
        • Germanic *Mērijawīgą Famous-Battle personal name
          • West Germanic
            • Frankish *Mērowīg
              • Latin Meroveus
                • Latin Merovingi the descendants of Meroveus/Merovech
                  • French mérovingien Merovingian
                    • English Merovingian
            • Old High German Mārwīg
        • Germanic *Aþalamērijaz Noble-Famous personal name
          • West Germanic
            • Old English Æþelmǣr
              • English Elmer
            • Frankish Athalmēr
              • Dutch Adelmar
              • Old French
                • Norman Adelmar
                  • Spanish Edelmir
        • Germanic *Raginamērijaz Counsel-Famous personal name
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic Ranamēr
              • Latin Ranamirus
                • Spanish Ramiro
                  • Spanish Ramirez patronymic
        • Germanic *Wiljamērijaz Will-Famous personal name
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse Vilmærr
              • Danish Vilmar
          • West Germanic
            • Old English Wilmǣr
              • English Wilmer
        • Germanic *mēriþō fame, renown, reputation
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌼𐌴𐍂𐌹𐌸𐌰 mēriþa fame
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse mærð
              • Icelandic mærð praise, flattery
          • West Germanic
            • Old English mǣrþo
    • Proto-Indo-European *méh₁tis measurement action noun
      • Albanian mot weather, year
      • Germanic *mēþiz measure, degree
        • West Germanic
          • Old English mǣþ moderation
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek μῆτις mêtis
          • Ancient Greek Μῆτις Mêtis Metis, divinity of prudence and wise counsel, mother of Athena
            • Latin Metis
              • English Metis
      • Italic *mētis
        • Latin *mētis
          • Latin mēta goal post, boundary markert
            • Western Romance
              • Italian meta destination, goal, boundary marker
              • Spanish meta goal, target
          • Latin mētior I measure, I estimate, I traverse, I distribute
            • Latin mēnsus measured, estimated, distributed
              • Latin mēnsūra measuring, standard for measure, amount
                • Eastern Romance
                  • Romanian măsură measure
                • Western Romance
                  • French mesure measure, measurement
                    • English measure
                    • Irish miosúr measure, tape measure
                  • Italian misura measure, measurement, size, moderation
                  • Spanish mesura moderation, mesuring glass
                • Old Irish mesar measure, measuring vessel
                  • Irish measair measure
                • Vulgar Latin mēnsūrō I measure, I estimate
                  • Eastern Romance
                    • Romanian a măsura to measure, to estimate, to judge, to calculate
                  • Western Romance
                    • French mesurer to measure
                    • Italian misurare to measure, to gauge, to survey, to estimate, to appraise, to try on
                    • Spanish mesurar to temper
              • Latin immēnsus immeasurable, boundless, immense
                • Western Romance
                  • French immense
                    • English immense
                  • Italian immenso
                  • Spanish inmenso
    • Proto-Indo-European *meh₁lom measurement, time
      • Germanic *mēlą measurement, time, occasion, meal time
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌼𐌴𐌻 mēl a point in time, hour
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse mál measurement, size, time, mealtime, meal
            • Danish mål goal, measuring cup
            • Icelandic mál measurement, size, time, mealtime, meal
        • West Germanic
          • Old English mǣl measure, time, occasion, season, mealtime, meal
            • English meal
          • Frankish *māl
            • Dutch maal meal, time, turn, occurrence
          • Old High German māl
            • German Mahl meal archaic
              • German Mahlzeit mealtime, meal
            • Yiddish מאָל mol time, instance, times (multiplied by)
      • Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-meh₁lom one-time
        • Italic
          • Latin semel once, a single time
            • English semel-
    • Proto-Indo-European *méh₁trom instrument noun
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek μέτρον métron something used to measure, rule, weight, length, breadth, meter (poetic)
          • Greek μέτρο métro measure, meter (length), meter (poetry), moderation
          • Latin metrum a measure, meter (poetic)
            • Western Romance
              • French mètre
                • English meter
              • Italian metro meter (length), ruler, criterion
              • Spanish metro meter (length), ruler, measuring tape
            • Old English
              • English meter
          • Ancient Greek μετρικός metrikós
            • Latin metricus
              • Western Romance
                • French metrique metric, metrical, meter (poetic)
                • Italian metrica meter (poetic)
                • Spanish métrica meter (poetic)
    • Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s moon, month the moon measures time
      • Proto-Albanian *māsnja metathesis
        • Albanian muaj month
      • Old Armenian ամիս amis month
        • Armenian ամիս amis month
      • Balto-Slavic *meˀn(e)s-
        • Lithuanian mė́nuo month, moon
        • Balto-Slavic *meˀns(e)nko-
          • Slavic *mě̀sę̄cь moon, month
            • East Slavic
              • Russian ме́сяц mésjac month, moon
            • South Slavic
              • Old Church Slavonic мѣсѧць měsęcĭ moon, month
              • Serbo-Croatian ме̏се̄ц mȅsēc moon, month
            • West Slavic
              • Polish miesiąc month
      • Celtic *mīns
        • Brythonic *mis
          • Welsh mis month
        • Old Irish month
          • Irish month
            • Irish Mí na Nollag December "Month of Christmass/Noël"
      • Germanic *mēnô moon
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌼𐌴𐌽𐌰 mēna moon
        • North Germanic *mānō
          • Old Norse máni the moon
            • Danish måne moon, bald spot
            • Icelandic máni the moon (archaic) replaced by `tungl`
          • Samic *mānō
            • Northern Sami mánnu moon
              • Northern Sami -mánnu -month used in names of all 12 months
              • Northern Sami mánotbadji month "moon sojourn, time moon takes"
        • West Germanic
          • Old English mōna moon
            • English moon
            • Scots muin moon, month
          • Frankish *māno
            • Dutch maan moon
          • Old High German māno moon
            • German Mond moon, lunar month
        • West Germanic *mēniniz dagaz Monday
          • West Germanic
            • Old English mōnandæg Monday
              • English Monday
              • Scots Monanday Monday
            • Frankish *mānendag
              • Dutch maandag Monday
            • Old High German mānitag Monday
              • German Montag Monday
              • Yiddish מאָנטיק montik Monday
          • Old Norse mánadagr Monday
            • Danish mandag Monday
            • Icelandic mánudagur Monday
            • Finnish maanantai Monday
            • Northern Sami mánnodat Monday
        • Germanic *mēnōþs month
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌼𐌴𐌽𐍉𐌸𐍃 mēnōþs month
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse mánaðr month
              • Danish måned month
              • Icelandic mánuður month
          • West Germanic
            • Old English mōnaþ month
              • English month
              • Scots moneth month
            • Frankish *mānoth
              • Dutch maand month
            • Old High German mānōd month
              • German Monat month
              • Yiddish מאָנאַט monat month
      • Hellenic *mḗns
        • Ancient Greek μείς meís month, visible part of the moon
          • Greek μήνας mínas month
        • Ancient Greek μήνη mḗnē moon
          • Ancient Greek μηνῐ́σκος mēnískos crescent
            • Greek μηνίσκος minískos crescent, meniscus
            • English meniscus
          • Ancient Greek Ἀλκμήνη Alkmḗnē Strength-of-Moon personal name
            • Latin Alcmēnē Alcmene
              • English Alcmene
          • Ancient Greek Μενέλᾱος Menélāos
            • Latin Menelāus
              • English Menelaus
      • Italic *mēns-
        • Latin mēnsis month
          • Sardinian mese month
          • Western Romance
            • French mois month
            • Italian mese month
            • Spanish mes month
          • Latin mēnstruus
            • Latin mēnstruālis monthly, every month
              • Western Romance
                • French menstruel menstrual
                  • English menstrual
                • Spanish menstrual menstrual
          • Latin trimestris three month period
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian trimestru
            • Western Romance
              • French trimestre quarter (year), term, trimester
                • English trimester
              • Italian trimestre quarter (year), three-month period, term, trimester, quarterly payment
              • Spanish trimestre trimester
          • New Latin sēmestris six month period
            • German Semester semester
              • English semester
        • Umbrian 𐌌𐌄𐌍𐌆𐌍𐌄 menzne month
      • Indo-Iranian *mā́Has moon, month
        • Indo-Aryan *mā́Has
          • Sanskrit मास् mā́s moon, month
        • Iranian *mā́Hah
          • Avestan måŋh month, moon
          • East Iranian
            • Scythian
              • Ossetian мæй mæj moon, month
            • Pashto مياشت myāšt month
          • West Iranian
            • Kurdish meh month
            • Old Persian 𐎶𐎠𐏃 māha month, moon
              • Persian ماه mâh moon, month, lovely
                • Hindi माह māh month
          • Iranian *mā́Hhtáwbah moonlight
            • East Iranian
              • Sogdian mahtob moon
            • West Iranian
              • Old Persian
                • Persian مهتاب mahtâb moonlight
        • Indo-Iranian *mā́Hasas of the moon gen.
          • Indo-Aryan
            • Sanskrit मास mā́sa moon, month
              • Magadhi
                • Bengali মাস mas month
              • Sauraseni 𑀫𑀸𑀲 māsa
                • Madhya
                  • Hindi मास mās month
                • Pali māsa month
              • Telugu మాసము māsamu month
              • Sanskrit ?
                • Maharashtri
                  • Marathi महिना mahinā month
                • Sauraseni
                  • Madhya
                    • Hindi महीना mahīnā month
                  • Pahari
                    • Punjabi ਮਹੀਨਾ mahīnā month
          • Nuristani *mā́sa moon
            • Kamviri mōs moon
      • Tocharian
        • Arshian mañ moon, month
        • Kuchean meñe moon, month
    • Proto-Indo-European *meh₁d- to measure, to consider, to give advice, to heal
      • Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁d-eti primary verb
        • Proto-Albanian *matśi
          • Albanian mas to measure
        • Celtic *medeti to measure, to judge
          • Brythonic *mėðɨd to measure, to judge
            • Middle Welsh meddu
          • Old Irish midithir to weight, to judge, to estimate
        • Germanic *metaną to measure
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse meta
              • Icelandic meta to measure, to assess, to esteem
          • West Germanic
            • Old English metan to measure
              • English mete (out)
            • Frankish *metan
              • Dutch meten to measure
            • Old High German mezzan
              • German messen to measure, to complete
        • Hellenic
          • Ancient Greek μέδω médō to protect, to rule over
            • Ancient Greek μέδων médōn ruler, councillor
            • Ancient Greek Μέδουσᾰ Médousa She-Rules
              • Latin Medusa
                • English Medusa
          • Ancient Greek μέδομαι médomai to provide for, to think of, to be mindful of
      • Proto-Indo-European *meh₁deh₁(ye)-ti stative
        • Italic *medēōr
          • Latin medeor
            • Latin medicus
              • English medic
              • Brythonic *meðïg
                • Welsh meddyg
                  • Welsh meddyglyn metheglin lit. "medicinal liquor"
                    • English metheglin
              • Latin medicīnus medical
                • Latin medicīna medicine, remedy, the practice of healing substantive
                  • Western Romance
                    • Old French
                      • French médecine medicine (field of study)
                      • English medicine
                    • Italian medicina medicine
                    • Spanish medicina medicine
              • Medieval Latin medicālis
                • French
                  • English medical
              • Latin meditor I consider, I contemplate, I plan, I practive, I meditate frequentive
                • English meditate
                • French méditer
                • Spanish meditar
              • Latin remedium remedy, cure, medicine, aid, assistance
                • Eastern Romance
                  • Romanian remediu remedy
                • Western Romance
                  • French remède remedy
                    • English remedy
                  • Italian rimedio remedy, cure, medicine
                  • Spanish remedio remedy, solution, medicine, amendment
                • Latin remedialis
                  • English remedial
      • Proto-Indo-European *mēh₁dyé-ti ye imperfective
        • Tocharian *mei- to think
          • Tocharian *meim
            • Arshian mem thought, thinking
            • Kuchean maim thought, thinking
      • Proto-Indo-European *méh₁dtus
        • Celtic *messus
          • Old Irish mess judgement
      • Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁dos
        • Old Armenian միտ mit mind, intellect, understanding, reason, intent, advice
          • Armenian միտք mitkʿ brains, intellect, idea, intention
        • Hellenic
          • Ancient Greek μήδεᾰ mḗdea plan, art, prudence, counsel
            • Ancient Greek μήδομαι mḗdomai to deliberate, to advise, to estimate
            • Ancient Greek Μήδειᾰ Mḗdeia
              • Greek Μήδεια Mídeia
              • Latin Medea
                • English Medea
            • Ancient Greek Ᾰ̓ρχῐμήδης Arkhimḗdēs
              • Greek Αρχιμήδης Archimídis
              • Latin Archimēdēs
                • English Archimedes
      • Proto-Indo-European *moh₁dós
        • Italic *modos
          • Latin modus measure, limit, manner, mode, (grammatical) mood
            • Western Romance
              • Old French
                • French mode fashion, trend, means, mode, (grammatical) mood
                  • English à la mode
                  • Vietnamese mốt fashion, trend
                • English mode
                  • English (grammatical) mood
              • Italian modo manner, way, style, (grammatical) mood
              • Spanish modo way, (grammatical) mood
            • Latin modo just, only, just now, presently
              • Western Romance
                • Italian mo' now regional
                  • Italian a mo' di like, as, by way of
              • Latin quōmodo how lit. "what mode"
                • Vulgar Latin *quōmo how, like, as
                  • Eastern Romance
                    • Romanian cum how, as, because
                  • Western Romance
                    • French comme like, as, how, because
                      • French comment how
                    • Italian come how, as, such as, as soon as
                    • Spanish como as, how, since
              • Medieval Latin Quasimodo the Sunday one week before Easter
            • Latin modicus moderate, restrained, reasonable
              • Western Romance
                • French modique low, modest, limited
                • Italian modico low, modest, reasonable
                • Spanish módico moderate, modest, limited, scarce
              • Latin modicum a little, a small amount
                • English modicum
            • Latin modificō I limit, I control, I regulate
              • Western Romance
                • French modifier to change, to modify
                  • English modify
                • Italian modificare to change, to modify
                • Spanish modificar to modify
            • Latin moderor I limit, I moderate, I restrain, I manage, I control
              • Western Romance
                • French modérer to moderate, to lessen, to weaken
                • Italian moderare to moderate
                • Spanish moderar to moderate
              • Latin moderātus moderated, controlled
                • English moderate
            • Latin modestus moderate, calm, discreet, modest
              • Western Romance
                • French modeste modest
                  • English modest
                • Italian modesto modest, small
                • Spanish modesto modest
            • Latin modulus a small measure, a small piece, a water meter, rhythm or time signature (music)
              • Western Romance
                • Old French modle
                  • French moule mold, matrix, cake pan
                  • English mold
              • English modulus
              • French module
                • English module
              • Latin modulor I measure, I regulate, I beat time, I modulate
                • Western Romance
                  • French moduler to modulate
                  • Italian modulare to modulate
                  • Spanish modular to modulate
                • English modulate
                  • English modem
            • Latin commodus convenient, suitable, pleasant, timely
              • Western Romance
                • French commode convenient
                  • English commode
                • Italian comodo convenient, comfortable
                  • English comodo
                • Spanish cómodo comfortable, convenient, lazy
              • English commodious
              • Latin commodō I make convenient, I adapt, I bestow, I lend, I hire
                • Latin accommodō I adapt, I prepare (for use), I adjust, I accommodate, I support
                  • Western Romance
                    • French accommoder to accommodate
                    • Italian accomodare to repair, to arrange, to accommodate, to be suitable
                    • Spanish acomodar to accommodate, to usher, to settle, to be suitable
                  • English accommodate
      • Proto-Indo-European ?
        • Indo-Iranian
          • Iranian
            • Avestan vīmad physician

Visual

Collected English words

Merovingian, measure, immense, meal, semel-, meter, meter, moon, Monday, month, meniscus, menstrual, trimester, semester, mete (out), medusa, medic, metheglin, medicine, medical, meditate, remedy, remedial, à la mode, mode, (grammatical) mood, modicum, modify, moderate, modest, mold, modulus, module, modulate, modem, commode, comodo, commodious, accommodate

Names

Valdemar, Vladimir, Merovech, Elmer, Wilmer, Metis, Alcmene, Menelaus, Medusa, Medea, Archimedes