Word Family - Quick

November theme: Mes de Muertos 💀

Teaser

quick, biology, vitamin, zoology, hygiene

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *gʷeyh₃- to live
    • Proto-Indo-European *gʷíh₃w-eti to be alive first person *gʷíh₃woh₂: "I live"
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian gyventi to live, to inhabit
        • Slavic *žiti
          • East Slavic
            • Russian жить žitʹ to live, to reside
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic жити žiti to live
            • Serbo-Croatian жи́вети žíveti to live, to exist, to be alive, to dwell, to reside
          • West Slavic
            • Polish żyć to live, to be alive
      • Hellenic *ďṓwō I live
        • Ancient Greek ζάω záō I live
          • Greek ζω zo live, endure, sustain
          • Ancient Greek ζωή zōḗ life, a living
            • Ancient Greek Ζωή Zoe given name [1]
              • English Zoe
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit जीवति jī́vati to live, to support, to nourish, to seek a livelihood
            • Magadhi
              • Assamese জীয়া zia to live, alive, animate, fresh
            • Sauraseni 𑀚𑀻𑀯𑀤𑀺 jīvadi
              • Madhya
                • Hindi जीना jīnā to live
              • Pahari
                • Nepali जिउनु jiunu to live, to survive
                • Punjabi ਜਿਊਣਾ jiūṇā to live
              • Pali jīvati to live, to be alive, to subsist on
        • Iranian
          • Avestan juuaiti
          • Western Iranian
            • Old Persian 𐎪𐎡𐎺 jīva- [2]
              • Persian زیستن zistan to live
            • Northwestern Iranian
              • Kurdish jiyan life
      • Italic *gʷīwō I live
        • Latin vīvō I live, I survive, I reside in
          • Sardinian vívere
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian a via to endure
          • Western Romance
            • French vivre to live, to experience
            • Italian vivere to live, to subsist, to be
            • Spanish vivir to live, to make a living, to reside, life, lifestyle
          • Latin vīvāx long-lived, vigorous, vivacious
            • Western Romance
              • French vivace vivacious, long-lived, enduring, perennial
              • Italian vivace lively, vital, keen, vivid
              • Spanish vivaz animated, lively
            • English vivacious
          • Latin vīvidus alive, animated, vigorous
            • English vivid
            • French vivide vivid
            • Italian vivido vivid
            • Spanish vívido vivid
      • Tocharian
        • Arshian śo- to live
        • Kushean śai- to live
    • Proto-Indo-European *gʷoyh₃éy-eti causative
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Slavic *gojiti
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian gòjiti to fatten up
    • Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃w-ós alive, living
      • Balto-Slavic *gīˀwas
        • Lithuanian gývas alive
        • Slavic *živъ alive, live, living, Slavic Divinity of Fertility (Živa/Siwa/Zywye)
          • Eastern Slavic
            • Russian живо́й živój living, alive, lively, vivacious
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic живъ živŭ alive, lively
            • Serbo-Croatian жи̑в žȋv live, alive
          • West Slavic
            • Polish żywy live, alive, lively, vivid
      • Celtic *biwos alive, living
        • Brythonic *bɨw alive, living, life
          • Welsh byw alive, living, lively, life, living person, quick (sensitive flesh)
        • Old Irish béo alive, living, living thing
          • Irish beo alive, living, lively, life, living thing, livelihood, quick (sensitive flesh)
      • Germanic *kwikwaz alive, lively, quick
        • West Germanic
          • Old English cwic living, live, alive, intelligent [3]
            • English quick
            • Scots qui(c)k living, alive, sharp, piercing
            • Old English cwicseolfor quicksilver, mercury lit. "living silver", calque of Latin argentum vivum
              • English quicksiver
          • Frankish
            • Dutch kwiek lively, quick
          • Old High German quec quick
            • German keck sassy, cheeky
              • Danish kæk brave, bold, cheerful
              • Dutch kek fashionable, sassy
            • Old High German quecsilbar quicksilver, mercury
              • German Quecksilbe
        • Old Norse kvikr alive
          • Danish kvik lively, clever, fast
          • Icelandic kvikur alive, lively, quick
          • Swedish kvick quick, quick-witted
            • Swedish kvicksilver mercury, temperature
      • Hellenic *gʷīwos
        • Ancient Greek βίος bíos life
          • English bio-
            • English biology
          • Greek βίος life, lifespan, quality of life, biography
      • Indo-Aryan
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit जीव jīva alive, living
            • Magadhi জীব jīb
            • Sauraseni
              • Madhya
                • Hindi जीव jiv life, living creature, lifeforce, soul
                  • Hindi जीव-विज्ञान jīv-vigyān biology
            • Telugu జీవము jīvamu life
            • Sanskrit जीवात्मन् jīvātman personal soul, vital essence lit. "life-breath"
        • Iranian
          • Avestan ǰva-
          • Western Iranian
            • Old Persian 𐎪𐎺 jiva living
              • Middle Persian *jīwa- living
                • Middle Persian jīwandāg quicksilver, mercury lit. "living metal"
                  • Persian جیوه jive quicksilver, mercury
      • Italic *gʷīwos alive, living
        • Oscan 𐌁𐌉𐌅𐌖𐌔 bivus alive, living, lifelike
        • Latin vivus alive, living, lifelike, living thing
          • Sardinian biu live, lively
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian viu live, alive
          • Western Romance
            • French vif lively, brisk, vivid, keen
            • Italian vivio alive, brisk, animate, vivacious, vivid, living person
            • Spanish vivio living, alive, vivid
          • Latin Vivianus personal name
          • Latin Viviana personal name
            • French Vivienne
              • English Vivien
            • Lithuanian gyvatà
      • Tocharian
        • Kushean śāw-
      • Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wot-os livingness
        • Balto-Slavic *gʔiwot-
          • Slavic *živõtъ life, belly
            • East Slavic
              • Russian живо́т živót belly, stomach, life (archaic)
            • South Slavic
              • Old Church Slavonic животъ životŭ life, animal
              • Serbo-Croatian жѝвот žìvot life
            • West Slavic
              • Polish żywot life (archaic)
                • Polish żywotny vigorous, full of life, animate
        • Hellenic
          • Ancient Greek βίοτος bíotos life
        • Indo-Iranian
          • Indo-Aryan
            • Sanskrit जीवित jīvitá living, enlivened, animated, life, living being, livelihood, lifespan
              • Madhya
                • Hindi जीवित jīvit alive, living
              • Maharashtri
                • Sinhala ජීවිතය jīvitaya life
              • West Indo-Aryan
                • Romani zhuvipe life
              • Telugu జీవితము jīvitamu living, existence, life
              • Pali *jīvita
                • Khmer ជីវិត ciivɨt life, existence, living, lifetime, age
                • Thai ชีวิต chii-wít life
        • Italic *gʷītā
          • Latin vīta life, subsistence, way of life
            • Sardinian bida life
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian vită cow, ox, beef, animal
              • Western Romance
                • French vie life
                • Italian vita life, waist
                • Spanish vida life, lifestyle, livelihood, lifespan
            • Latin vītālis
              • Western Romance
                • Italian vitale vital, living, viable, essential, lively
              • French vital vital
                • English vital
                  • English vitamin [4]
              • Spanish vital vital
              • Latin Vitalis personal name
                • Spanish Vidal
                  • English Vidalia [5]
                    • English vidalia (onion) [5]
            • Medieval Latin vitabilis
              • French viable viable
                • English viable
      • Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wyom
        • Hellenic *ďṓyyon animal, creature, beast
          • Ancient Greek ζῷον zôion animal, beast
            • Greek ζώο zóo animal, beast, mammal
            • Coptic ⲍⲱⲟⲛ zōon animal
            • English zoo-
              • English zoology
                • English zoological garden
                  • English zoo
    • Proto-Indo-European *gʷeyh₃to-s
      • Balto-Slavic *geit-
        • Old Prussian geytye bread
        • Slavic *žìto grain
          • East Slavic
            • Russian жи́то žíto grain
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic жито žito grain
            • Serbo-Croatian жи̏то žȉto wheat, koliva
          • West Slavic
            • Polish żyto rye
      • Celtic *bētom food
        • Brythonic *buɨd
          • Welsh bwyd food
        • Old Irish bíad
          • Irish bia food, substance
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂yugʷih₃-s long life [6]
      • Germanic *ajukiz eternal, long lasting
        • West Germanic
          • Old English ēċe perpetual, eternal, ever-lasting
        • Germanic *ajukidūþiz eternity
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐌾𐌿𐌺𐌳𐌿𐌸𐍃 ajukduþs eternity
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ὑγιής hugiḗs healthy, strong, wholesome
          • Ancient Greek ὑγιεινή hugieinḗ healthy practices, promoting health
            • French hygiène hygiene
              • English hygiene
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Iranian
          • Avestan yauuae-jī living forever
          • Western Iranian
            • Northwestern Iranian
              • Parthian yāwēd eternal
                • Old Armenian յաւէժ yawēž eternal, always
                  • Armenian հավերժ haverž perpetual, eternal, undying
      • Italic
        • Latin iūgis continual, perpetual, ever-flowing (water)

Visual

Image is a visual representation of the text content above.

Collected English words

Zoe, vivacious, vivid, quick, quicksiver, bio-, biology, Vivien, vital, vitamin, Vidalia, vidalia (onion), viable, zoo-, zoology, zoological garden, zoo, hygiene

Footnotes

  1. ^

    The Greek name Ζωή Zoe is a calque translation of Hebrew name חַוָּה khavá: "to breathe, to live", also borrowed as Eve.

  2. ^

    Because Old Persian history is my obsession du jour, Darius's Behistun inscription with 𐎪𐎡𐎺 jīva-:

    yadiy : imâm : hadugâm : naiy : apagaudayâhy : kârahyâ : thâhy : Ahuramazdâ : thuvâm : daushtâ : biya : utâtaiy : taumâ : vasiy : biyâ : utâ : dargam : jîvâ : thâtiy

    if : this : record : not : away-hide : people : you-declare : Ahura Mazda : you : friend : be : and-you : family : greatly : be : and : long : live : declare

    "if this record you shall not conceal, (but) tell it to the people, may Ahura Mazda be a friend to you, and may family be to you in abundance, and may you live long!"

  3. ^

    The archaic meaning, "alive", is preserved in usages like "the quick and the dead" and "quickening"

  4. ^

    vitamin is a portmanteau of "vital amine". Originally spelled "vitamine" in 1912, the "e" was dropped in 1920 to de-emphasize "amine" when it was determined that vitamin C, and probably a number of other vitamins, had no amine component.

  5. ^

    Vidalia is either of two place names, one in Louisiana and one in Georgia, named after Don José Vidal, Spanish aristocrat and administrator in New Spain/Spanish Louisiana. The vidalia onion was first grown in Vidalia, Georgia. In Stephen Universe, Onion's mother is named Vidalia.

  6. ^

    In the compound *h₂yugʷih₃-s>, *h₂yu- is the root of "youth", "juvenile", and "-eval" (as in medieval, primeval, etc.) and Scots aye, meaning "always", "still".

    Germanic *ajukiz is definitely derived from *h₂yu-, but only tentatively derived from *h₂yugʷih₃-s, as a possible explanation for the presence of the -k-.