Word Family - Robot

August theme: Science Fiction 🤖

Teaser

orphan, robot

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *h₃erbʰ- to be part of (a group or family)?, to owe allegiance to?, to change owernship?
    • Hittite ḫarp- to associate with, to go over to, to change allegiance
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₃orbʰyo-m inheritance? plural: <*h₃orbʰyéh₂>
      • Celtic *orbyom inheritance plural: <*orbyā>
        • Old Irish orbae inheritance, legacy
      • Germanic *arbiją heritage, inheritance
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌱𐌹 arbi heritage, inheritance
        • North Germanic ᚨᚱᛒᛁᛃᚨ arbija inheritance
          • Old Norse erfi
            • Icelandic erfi
        • West Germanic
          • Old English yrfe inheritance, property, livestock
            • Scots erf inheritance, cattle
          • Frankish *ervi inheritance, property
            • Dutch erf property, yard
          • Old High German erbi heritage
            • German Erbe heritage
        • Samic *ārpē inheritance
          • Northern Sami árbi inheritance, legacy, heritage
        • Germanic *arbijô heir
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌱𐌾𐌰 arbja heir
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse arfi heir
              • Icelandic arfi heir
          • West Germanic
            • Old English ierfa heir
            • Old High German arbeo heir
              • German Erbe heir
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰo-s orphan, servant, slave, worker
      • Old Armenian որբ orb orphan
        • Armenian որբ orb orphan
      • Balto-Slavic *arbas
        • Slavic *orbъ orphan, slave
          • East Slavic робъ robŭ
            • Ukrainian роб rob
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic ⱃⰰⰱⱏ rabŭ servant, slave
              • Hungarian rab captive
              • Polish rab slave archaic
              • Russian раб rab slave, serf, bondsman
          • West Slavic
            • Czech rob slave, serf archaic
            • Serbo-Croatian ро̏б rȍb slave
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ὀρφανός orphanós orphaned, childless, dereft, destitute
          • Greek ορφανός orfanós orphaned, orphan
          • Coptic ⲟⲣⲫⲁⲛⲟⲥ orphanos orphan
          • Late Latin orpahnus orphan
            • Sardinian òlfanu
            • Eastern Romance
              • Dalmatian
                • Albanian vorfën poor
              • Romanian oarfăn destitute, poor, sorrowful archaic
            • Western Romance
              • Old French orfene
                • English orphan
              • Italian orfano orphan
              • Spanish huérfano orphan
            • Vulgar Latin *orphanulinus diminutive
              • Western Romance
                • French orfelin orphan
      • Italic
        • Latin orbus bereaved, orphaned, widowed, deprived of, blind
          • Eastern Romance
            • Dalmatian vuarb blind
              • Albanian verbër blind
            • Romanian orb blind
          • Western Romance
            • Italian orbo blind, one-eyed, bereft
      • Indo-Iranian *Hárbʰas orphan, child
        • Indo-Aryan *Hárbʰas
          • Sanskrit अर्भ árbha child, childish, small, unimportant
        • Proto-Uralic *orpa orphan
          • Finno-Ugric
            • Finnic *orpoi
              • Finnish orpo orphan
            • Samic *oarpēs
              • Northern Sami oarbbis orphan
            • Mordvinic
              • Erzya уроз uroz
            • Ugric
              • Hungarian árva orphan
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰoteh₂ slavery, drudgery noun of state of being
        • Balto-Slavic
          • Slavic *orbota
            • East Slavic робота robota
            • South Slavic
              • Old Church Slavonic работа rabota sevitude
                • Russian рабо́та rabóta work, toil, assignment, job
              • Serbo-Croatian рабо́та rabóta work, labor, deed
            • West Slavic
              • Czech robota sefdom, hard work, drudgery
                • Czech robot robot
                  • English robot
                    • English bot
                    • Arabic رُوبُوت‎‎ rōbōt robot
                    • Japanese ロボット robotto robot
                    • Spanish robot robot
                  • French robot robot
                    • Portuguese robô robot
                  • Greek ρομπότ rompót robot
                  • Russian ро́бот róbot robot, bot
                • Hungarian robot serfdom, forced labor, drudgery
              • Polish robota construction work, hard work, drudgery
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰoti-s drudgery, work abstract action noun
        • Germanic *arbaidiz labor, work, hardship, suffering
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌱𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃 arbaiþs labor, work, toil, hardship, distress
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse erfiði
              • Old Danish ærvede
              • Icelandic erfiði toil, hard work, labor
          • West Germanic
            • Old English earfoþe work, labor, suffering, hardship, disease
            • Frankish
              • Dutch arbeid work, labor
            • Old High German arbeit
              • German Arbeit work, labor, job, task, workmanship, effort, employment
                • Japanese アルバイト arubaito part-time work, student job
                  • Korean 아르바이트 areubaiteu part-time work, side job
              • Yiddish אַרבעט arbet work, labor
            • Old Saxon arvēd(i) labor, work, need, suffering
              • Low German Arbeid work, labor, job, employment
              • Danish arbejde work

Visual

Collected English words

orphan, robot, bot