Word Family - Star

October theme: Nighttime 🌃

Teaser

arid, star disaster, ash

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁s- to be dry, to burn, ashes, hearth
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁seh₁(ye)-ti stative
      • Italic *āzēō
        • Latin āreō I am dry, I am parched, I am withered
          • Latin āridus dry, withered, arid, shrivelled, uninspired
            • Western Romance
              • Italian arido arid, barren, insensitive, narrow-minded, bland
              • Spanish árido arid
            • English arid
            • French aride arid
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ēsh₁ó-ti
      • Tocharian
        • Arshian asatär dries up
        • Kuchean osotär dries up
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁sh₂ hearth, fireplace
      • Anatolian
        • Hittite 𒄩𒀸𒊭𒀀 ḫāššā- fireplace, hearth
      • Germanic
        • North Germanic ᚨᛉᛁᚾᚨ azina ash
        • West Germanic
          • Old High German essa furnace
            • German Esse furnace, forge, chimney
      • Italic *āzā
        • Latin āra altar, sanctuary, refuge
        • Oscan 𐌀𐌀𐌔𐌀 aasa altar
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂éh₁sh₂s?
      • Anatolian
        • Hittite ḫāšš- ashes, dust, soap
      • Indo-Iranian *HáHsas
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit आस ā́sa ashes, dust
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂stḗr star agentive: ~"burner"
      • Anatolian
        • Hittite 𒄩𒀸𒋼𒅕𒍝 ḫašterz(a) star
      • Old Armenian աստղ astł star, starfish, asterisk
        • Armenian աստղ astł star, celebrity
          • Armenian համաստեղություն hamastełutʿyun constellation
      • Celtic *sterā star
        • Brythonic *ster star
          • Welsh sêr stars
      • Germanic *sternǭ
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌽𐍉 stairnō star
          • Crimean Gothic stein star
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse stjarna star
            • Danish stjerne star
            • Icelandic stjarna star
        • West Germanic
          • Old English steorra star
            • English star
              • German Star celebrity
            • Scots ster star
          • Frankish *sterro
            • Dutch ster star, celebrity
          • Old High German sterno star
            • German Stern star, asterisks
            • Yiddish שטערן
      • Hellenic *astḗr star
        • Ancient Greek ἀστήρ astḗr star, celebrity, starfish
          • Greek αστέρι astéri star, celebrity
          • Latin astēr star, starwort
            • Translingual Aster a genus of flowers
              • English aster
          • Ancient Greek ᾰ̓́στρον ástron
            • Greek άστρο ástro star
            • Latin astrum
              • Western Romance
                • French astre celestial body
                • Italian astro celestial body, star
                  • Italian disastro
                    • French désastre
                      • English disaster
                • Spanish astro celestial body
            • English astro-
      • Indo-Iranian *Hstā́ star
        • Indo-Aryan *Hstā́
          • Sanskrit स्तृ (s)tṛ́ star
            • Sanskrit तारा tārā star, asterism, pupil (of the eye)
              • Elu
                • Sinhala තරුව taruva star
              • Magadhi
                • Bengali তারা tara star
              • Maharashtri
                • Marathi तारा tārā star
              • Sauraseni
                • Madhya
                  • Hindi तारा tārā star, planet, meteor, pupil (of the eye)
                • Pahari
                  • Punjabi ਤਾਰਾ tārā star
                • Pali
                  • Burmese တာရာ tara constellation
                  • Tagalog tala star
                  • Thai ดารา daa-raa celestial body, celebrity
                • Telugu తార tāra star, pupil (of the eye)
        • Iranian *Hstā́
          • Avestan (𐬯)𐬙𐬀𐬭𐬀 star(a) star
          • West Iranian
            • Kurdish stêr star, celebrity
            • Old Persian *star
              • Old Persian *apāxtara planet lit. "backwards-star", i.e. star with retrograde movement
                • Middle Persian abāxtar
                  • Persian اختر axtar star, constellation
                  • Persian باختر bāḵtar west
          • Iranian *Hstā́rakaH
            • East Iranian
              • Pashto ستوری stóray star
              • Scythian
                • Ossetian стъалы st’aly
            • West Iranian
              • Kurdish stêrk star
              • Old Persian
                • Middle Persian stārag
                  • Persian ستاره setâre star, destiny
                    • Punjabi ਸਿਤਾਰਾ sitārā star
      • Tocharian *ścäriye-
        • Arshian śre star
        • Kuchean ścirye star
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂stḗrlo probably Italo-Celtic innovation
        • Celtic *stīrlo
          • Old Irish sell iris compare Irish `suil`: "eye" from PIE <*sóh₂wl̥>: "sun"
          • Celtic *stīrlon
            • Brythonic
              • Welsh syllu to gaze
        • Italic *stērolā star
          • Latin stēlla star, planet
            • Sardinian isteddu star
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian stea star
            • Western Romance
              • French étoile star
                • Haitian Creole zetwal star
              • Italian stella star
              • Spanish estrella star
                • Tagalog estrelya star
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁sdi- dental enlargement
      • Anatolian
        • Hittite hāt-ᶤ to dry up, to become parched
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁sdi-eti primary verb
        • Balto-Slavic
          • Slavic
            • West Slavic
              • Czech ozditi to dry malt
        • Hellenic
          • Ancient Greek ἄζω ázō to dry
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁sdōs result
        • Balto-Slavic
          • Slavic *ozdъ
            • West Slavic
              • Polish ozd dry malt
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂éh₁stis abstract noun
        • Celtic *ātis furnace, oven
          • Brythonic
            • Welsh odyn kiln
          • Old Irish áith oven, grain kiln
            • Irish áith kiln
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂h₁stós adjective
        • Italic *astos
          • Latin assus roasted, baked
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁sgi- velar enlargement
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁sgō primary noun
        • Germanic *askǭ ash, ashes
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐌶𐌲𐍉 azgō ash, cinder
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse aska ash, ashes
              • Danish aske ash
              • Icelandic aska ash, ashes
          • West Germanic
            • Old English æsce ash
              • English ash
              • Scots aise ash
            • Frankish *aska
              • Dutch as ash, ashes
            • Old High German asca ash
              • German Asche ash, ashes, money
              • Yiddish אַש ash ash
              • Italian lasca an ash-colored cyprinid fish like a dace, roach, or nase
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁sgiōn- genitive?
        • Old Armenian աճիւն ačiwn ashes
          • Armenian աճյուն ačyun cremated remains, corpse, grave
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂íh₁sgah₁sg-eti?? reduplicated thematic
        • Old Armenian ազազեմ azazem to tarnish, to dry, to fade, to wither
          • Armenian ազազել azazel to dry up, to become dry
      • ?
        • Finnic *kaski swidden (slash-and-burned land), coppice (for firewood)
          • Estonian kask birch
          • Finnish kaski slash and burn

Visual

Collected English words

arid, star, Aster, aster, disaster, astro-, ash