Word Family - Tangata

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Taiwan, Kanak

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  • Austronesian *tsau person, human
    • Basay tau person, human
    • Paiwan tsau-tsau person, human
    • Puyuma ṭau person, human
    • Siray tau person, human
      • Siray Tayuan
        • Dutch Tayouan Taiwan archaic
          • English Tayuan
          • Hokkien 臺灣 Tâi-oân Taiwan, Tainan
            • Mandarin 臺灣 Táiwān Taiwan
              • English Taiwan
            • Mandarin 臺南 Tainan Tainan [1]
              • Hokkien 臺南 Tâi-lâm Tainan
            • English Tainan
    • Malayo-Polynesian *tau
      • Philippine *taʔu person, human
        • Binukid ʔɨtaw person, human
        • Ilokano tao person, human
        • Sangir tau person, human
        • Tagalog tao person, human
        • Yami tao person, human
          • Yami ciriciring no Tao Yami language lit. "human speech", "language of the people"
      • Oceanic *tau person, human
        • Admiralty Islands
          • Manus
            • Nyindrou lau person, human
        • New Caledonian *caHuʔ
          • Fwâi kahok man, male
          • Nyelâyu aju person, human
          • Pije kahʝuk man
      • Malayo-Polynesian *tau-mataʔ mortal person? [2]
        • Micronesian *cjaramata
          • Chuukese aramas person, human
          • Kiribati aomata man, human, native
          • Woleai yaremata person, human
        • Philippine
          • Sangir taumata person, human
        • Oceanic *taumataʔ person, human
          • Admiralty Islands
            • Loniu amat person, human
            • Manus
              • Nyindrou ndramak person, human
              • Titan ramat person, human
          • New Caledonian *camuru
            • Ndrumbea aboru person, human
            • Xârâcùù kãmũrũ person, human
          • Fijian tamata person, human
          • Polynesian *taŋata person, human
            • Tongan tangata man
            • Nuclear Polynesian
              • Marquesic
                • Hawaiʻian kanaka human, subject, retainer, Hawaiian
                  • English kanaka
                    • French canaque native of New Caledonia, Kanak
                      • English Kanak
                • Marquesan ʻenata human
                  • Marquesan ʻEo ʻenata Marquesan language
              • Rapa Nui tangata human, person, man
                • Rapa Nui tangata manu birdman
              • Samoan tagata man, human
              • Tahitic
                • Māori tangata human, person, man
                • Tahitian taʻata human, person, man
    • Japonic *cuu
      • Pre-Japanese *pí-tò̱ with emphatic prefix? "true person"?
        • Old Japanese pito
          • Japanese ひと hito person, human, one
            • Japanese ひとつ hitotsu one thing, one person, person
      • Ryukyuan
        • Amami cjuu human, person
        • Miyako pytu human, person

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Collected English words

Taiwan, Tainan, kanaka, Kanak

Footnotes

  1. ^

    As far as I can tell Mandarin 臺南 Tainan is a doublet of 臺灣 Táiwān, both from Hokkien 臺灣 Tâi-oân, with 臺南 Tainan being adapted by folk etymology to "Tai(wan) South", which then got borrowed back into Hokkien as 臺南 Tâi-lâm.

  2. ^

    Malayo-Polynesian variant *tau-mataʻ appears to be a compound of the inherited *tau: "person" with *mataj: "to die", forming "mortal, human". Compare Proto-Indo-European *mr̥tó-s: "dead, mortal" from *mer-: "to die", which gives for example Persian مرد‏ mard: "mortal, human, man" (origin of manticore: "man-eater"). See WFF-Mort for both Indo-European *mer- and Austronesian *mataj.