Word Family - Two

June theme: Pride In Words 🏳️‍🌈

Teaser

two, duet, twilight, bi-, icosahedron, twin

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁ two
    • Albanian dy
    • Old Armenian երկու erku [1]
      • Armenian երկու erku
      • Old Armenian կրկին krkin double, doubled, iterated
        • Armenian կրկին krkin double, again, once more
    • Balto-Slavic *duwō
      • Lithuanian du
      • Slavic *dъva
        • East Slavic
          • Russian два dva
        • South Slavic
          • Serbo-Croatian два̑ dvȃ
        • West Slavic
          • Polish dwa
    • Celtic *dwau
      • Brythonic *dọw
        • Welsh dau
      • Old Irish dau
        • Irish
    • Germanic *twai
      • East Germanic
        • Gothic 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹 twai
      • North Germanic
        • Old Norse tvau
          • Danish to
          • Icelandic tvö
      • West Germanic
        • Old English
          • English two
        • Frankish *twē
          • Dutch twee
        • Old High German zwei
          • German zwei
          • Yiddish צוויי tsvey
      • Germanic *twai-tigiwiz two group-of-tens, twenty
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹 𐍄𐌹𐌲𐌾𐌿𐍃 twai tigjus twenty
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse tuttugu twenty
            • Danish tyve twenty
            • Icelandic tuttugu twenty
        • West Germanic
          • Old English twēntiġ
            • English twenty
          • Frankish *twēntig
            • Dutch twintig twenty
          • Old High German zweinzug
            • German zwanzig twenty
            • Yiddish צוואַנציק tsvantsik twenty
    • Hellenic *dúwō
      • Ancient Greek δύο dúo
        • Greek δύο dúo
    • Indo-Iranian
      • Indo-Aryan *dva
        • Dardic
          • Kashmiri
        • Sanskrit द्व dvá two, both
          • Elu
            • Sinhala දෙක deka
          • Magadhi
            • Bengali দুই dui
          • Sauraseni 𑀤𑁄 do
            • Madhya
              • Hindi दो do
            • Pahari
              • Punjabi ਦੋ do
          • Pali dve
            • Thai โท too second
          • Telugu ద్వయము dvayamu two, pair
          • Malay dwi
      • Iranian *duu̯a
        • Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬀 duua
        • Pashto دوه dwa
        • Northern Iranian
          • Scythian
            • Ossetian дыууӕ dywwæ
        • Western Iranian
          • Kurdish du
          • Old Persian
            • Persian دو do
    • Italic *duō
      • Latin duo
        • Sardinian duos
        • Eastern Romance
          • Romanian doi
        • Western Romance
          • French deux
          • Italian duo duo, two (archaic)
            • English duo
            • Italian due
              • Italian duetto duet
                • English duet
          • Spanish dos
      • Umbrian 𐌕𐌖𐌚 tuf
    • Tocharian
      • Arshian wu
      • Kushean wi
    • Proto-Indo-European *dwi- two (prefix)
      • Germanic *twi- two, double (prefix)
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse tví-
            • Icelandic tví- two, double, binary
        • West Germanic
          • Old English twi- two, twice, double
            • Old English twīlēoht twilight
              • English twilight
          • Old High German
            • German zwei-
              • German Zweihänder two handed sword
                • English zweihander
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek δι- di- two, twice (prefix)
          • English di-
      • Italic
        • Latin bi- two parts, twice (prefix)
          • English bi-
      • Proto-Indo-European *dwi(h₁)dḱm̥ti twenty (two-ten)
        • Proto-Albanian *wdžáti twenty
          • Albanian -zet twenty (in compounds)
            • Albanian njëzet twenty lit. "one-twenty"
        • Old Armenian քսան kʿsan twenty
          • Armenian քսան kʿsan twenty
        • Balto-Slavic
          • Lithuanian dvidešimt twenty
        • Celtic *wikantī twenty
          • Brythonic *gwɨgėnt twenty
            • Welsh ugain twenty
          • Old Irish fiche twenty
            • Irish fiche twenty
              • Irish daichead forty, two-score
        • Hellenic
          • Greek εἴκοσῐ eíkosi twenty
            • Greek εἰκοσάεδρον eikosáedron solid shape with twenty sides, icosahedron
              • English icosahedron
        • Indo-Iranian *HwiHĉati
          • Indo-Aryan *HwiHśati
            • Dardic
              • Kashmiri وُہ vuh twenty
            • Sanskrit विंशति viṃśatí
              • Magadhi
                • Bengali বিশ bish twenty
              • Maharashtri 𑀯𑀻𑀲𑀇 vīsaï
                • Marathi वीस vīs
              • Pali vīsati
              • Sauraseni
                • Madhya
                  • Hindi बीस bīs twenty
                • Pahari
                  • Punjabi ਵੀਹ vīh twenty
          • Iranian *HwiHĉati
            • Avestan 𐬬𐬍𐬯𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 vīsaⁱti twenty
            • Northern Iranian
              • Scythian *insæǰ
                • Ossetian ссӕ́дз ssǽʒ twenty
            • Western Iranian
              • Kurdish bîst twenty
              • Old Persian
                • Persian بيست bist twenty
        • Italic
          • Latin vīgintī twenty
            • Sardinian binti twenty
            • Western Romance
              • French vingt twenty
                • Haitian ven twenty
              • Italian venti twenty
              • Spanish veinte twenty
            • Latin vīcēsimu twentieth
              • English vigesimal
        • Tocharian *w'īkän twenty
          • Arshian wiki twenty
          • Kushean ikam twenty
      • Proto-Indo-European *dwisnó-s paired, doubled
        • Germanic *twiznaz twine, double thread
          • West Germanic
            • Old English twīn
              • English twine
            • Old High German zwirn
              • German Zwirn thread, string, yarn
      • Proto-Indo-European *dwino-s pair, twin
        • Balto-Slavic
          • Lithuanian dvynys twin
          • Slavic
            • East Slavic
              • Russian дво́йня dvójnja twins
        • Germanic *twinaz twin, pair, double
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse tvinnr
              • Icelandic tvennur pair
          • West Germanic
            • Old English twinn twin
              • English twin
          • Germanic *twinlingaz twin children
            • North Germanic
              • Old Norse *tvinlingr
                • Danish tvilling twin
            • West Germanic
              • Frankish *twinling
                • Dutch tweeling twin, pair of twins
              • Old High German zwinilinc
              • German Zwilling twin
        • Italic
          • Latin bīnus double, in pairs
            • Latin bīnārius containing two things
              • English binary
            • Vulgar Latin *bināre to do twice
              • Western Romance
                • French biner to hoe, to attend mass twice in one day
                • Italian binare to repeat, to double
                • Spanish binar to plow over

Visual

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Collected English words

two, twenty, duo, duet, twilight, zweihander, di-, bi-, icosahedron, vigesimal, twine, twin, binary

Footnotes

  1. ^

    Old Armenian երկու erku from *dwóh₁ is the type specimen of "The Proto-Armenian sound changes are varied and eccentric (such as *dw- yielding erk-)" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Armenian_language#Development