Word Family - Veda

December theme: Religion 📿

Teaser

guide, vision, Hades, idol, Rigveda, idea, history, wise

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European weyd- to see
    • Indo-Iranian *wayd- to know, to find
      • Indo-Aryan
        • Sanskrit 𑀯𑀺𑀤𑁆 vid know, find
      • Iranian *waid-
        • Avestan vid know, understand
        • Avestan vaēd find
        • Iranian *ni-waid invitation
          • Avestan niuuaēδaiiemi to invite a deity to the sacrifice, to dedicate
          • Western Iranian *nivēδ invitation
            • Northwestern Iranian
              • Parthian
                • Old Armenian նուէր nuēr offering, present, sacrafice
                  • Armenian նվեր nver present, gift
            • Old Persian
              • Persian نوید navid promise, good news Also a given name: Navid, Naveed
            • Western Iranian *nivēδāk
              • Northwestern Iranian
                • Parthian
                  • Old Armenian նուիրակ nuirak announcer, usher, messenger
                    • Armenian նվիրակ nvirak legate (deputy), nuncio (envoy)
    • Proto-Indo-European *winédti
      • Proto-Armenian
        • Old Armenian գտանեմ gtanem to find, to discover, to gain, to meet
      • Celtic *windeti
        • Brythonic *gwɨbod knowing, to know
          • Welsh gwybod to know
        • Old Irish (ro-)finnadar to find out, to discover, to know
          • Irish fionn ascertain, discover
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit 𑀯𑀺𑀦𑁆𑀤𑀢𑀺 vindati to know, to understand, to mind, to observe
        • Iranian
          • Avestan 𐬬𐬍𐬥𐬀𐬯𐬙𐬍 vīnastī to find
          • Western Iranian
            • Northwestern Iranian
              • Parthian wyndyd acquires, gains?
    • Proto-Indo-European *wóyde has seen
      • Proto-Armenian *gēt-
        • Armenian գիտեմ gitem to know
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Slavic *věděti to know, to be sure of
          • East Slavic
            • Russian ве́дать védatʹ to know, to be sure of archaic
            • Ukrainian відати vidaty to deal, to manage
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic вѣдѣти věděti to know
            • Serbo-Croatian vedeti to know regional
          • West Slavic
            • Polish wiedzieć to know, to be sure of
      • Germanic *witanã to know
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐍅𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 witan to know
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse vita to know
            • Danish vide
            • Icelandic vita to know, to see, to check
        • West Germanic
          • Old English witan to know, to be aware, to be wise, to be concious of, to feel (an emotion)
            • English wit
            • English wot
          • Frankish *witan
            • Dutch weten to know, to remember, to be able to
            • Old Occitan
              • French guider to guide
                • English guide
              • Italian guidare to guide, to manage, to drive (a vehicle)
              • Spanish guiar to guide, to drive, to steer, to advise
          • Old High German wizzan to know
            • German wissen to know, to be aware
              • German Wissenschaft science
            • Yiddish וויסן visn to know, knowledge
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek οἶδᾰ oîda to know, to be acquainted with, to know how to
      • Indo-Iranian *wáytˢti
        • Indo-Aryan *wáytti
          • Sanskrit 𑀯𑁂𑀢𑁆𑀢𑀺 vetti to know, to understand, to know how to, to learn
        • Iranian *wáystī
          • Avestan 𐬬𐬋𐬌𐬯𐬙𐬁 vōistā you know
    • Proto-Indo-European *widéh₁yeti seeing, being seen? stative
      • Italic *widēō
        • Latin videō I see, I look, I note, I understand
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian a vedea
          • Western Romance
            • French voir
            • Italian vedere
            • Spanish ver
          • English video
            • Greek βίντεο vínteo movie, video game
          • Latin vīsiō seeing, sight, vision, view
            • Western Romance
              • French vision
                • English vision
              • Italian visione
              • Spanish visión
          • Latin vidēns looking, seeing
            • Latin ēvidēns apparent, visible, evident, clear
              • Western Romance
                • French évident
                  • English evident
                • Italian evidente
                • Spanish evidente
              • Latin ēvidēntia
                • English evidence
          • Latin vīsitō I go to see, I visit frequentive
            • Western Romance
              • French visiter
                • English visit
              • Italian visitare
              • Spanish visitar
          • Latin invideō I look askance at, I look maliciously at, I am prejudice against, I envy
            • Latin invidia envy, grudge, jealousy, spite
              • Western Romance
                • French envie
                  • English envy
                • Italian invidia
                • Spanish envidia
          • Latin praevideō I see before, I anticipate
            • English preview
          • Latin prōvideō I foresee, I prepare for, I take care of
            • English provide
            • English purvey
            • English prudent
          • Latin revideō I look again, I revisit
            • English revise
            • English review
          • Latin supervideō I oversee, I see from above
            • English supervise
            • English survey
    • Proto-Indo-European *n̥widḗs unseen
      • Hellenic *awidḗs
        • Ancient Greek ἀϊδής aïdḗs invisible
        • Ancient Greek ᾍδης Hā́idēs Hades (Realm of the Dead), Hades (Divinity of the Underworld), grave, death
          • Greek Άδης Ádis Hades
          • Latin Hādēs Hades
            • English Hades
          • Old Church Slavonic адъ adŭ hell
            • Russian ад ad hell, inferno, Hades
    • Proto-Indo-European *wéydo sight, knowledge
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Slavic *vȋdъ
          • East Slavic
            • Russian вид vid looks, appearance, form, kind, sort, species
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic видъ vidŭ
            • Serbo-Croatian ви̑д vȋd eyesight, aspect, type
      • Celtic *wēdo
        • Brythonic
          • Welsh gŵydd presence, face
        • Old Irish fíad before, in front of
      • Germanic *witjã knowledge, reason, sense, wit
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic *witi
            • Gothic 𐌽𐍅𐌹𐍄𐌹 unwiti ignorance, folly
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse vit
            • Danish vid
            • Icelandic vit wits, intelligence, sense, reason
              • Icelandic viska wisdom
        • West Germanic
          • Old English witt mind, understanding, sense, sanity
            • English wit
          • Old High German wizzi
            • German Witz wit, joke, humor
            • Yiddish וויץ‏ vvits joke
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek εἶδος eîdos form, image, shape, sight, fashion, kind
          • Ancient Greek εἴδωλον eídōlon phantom, ghost, image, shape, statue, idol
            • Greek είδωλο eídolo idol, reflection
            • Latin īdōlum image, form, ghost, idol
              • English idol
            • Old Church Slavonic идолъ idolŭ
              • Russian и́дол ídol idol
            • Coptic ⲉⲓⲇⲱⲗⲟⲛ eidōlon idol
            • English eidolon
          • Ancient Greek ειδής -eidḗs -shaped
            • Latin -(o)īdēs
              • English -(o)id
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit 𑀯𑁂𑀤 véda knowledge, sacred knowledge, Veda
            • Magadhi
              • Bengali বেদ bed Veda
            • Sauraseni
              • Madhya
                • Hindi वेद ved Veda
              • Pali veda
                • Middle Chinese
                  • Mandarin 吠陀 fèituó Veda
                • Thai เวท wêet Veda
            • Telugu వేదము vēdamu Veda
            • English Veda
            • Sanskrit 𑀋𑀕𑁆𑀯𑁂𑀤 ṛg-vedá Veda of Praise, Rigveda
              • Sauraseni
                • Madhya
                  • Hindi ऋग्वेद ŕgved
              • English Rigveda
    • Proto-Indo-European *wideseh
      • Hellenic *widéhā
        • Ancient Greek ἰδέᾱ idéā look, appearance, form, type, style
          • Greek ιδέα idéa idea, opinion, impression
          • Russian иде́я idéja idea
          • Latin idea idea, prototype (Platonic)
            • English idea
              • Japanese アイデア aidea idea, invention
            • French idée idea
            • German Idee idea
              • Yiddish אידעע‏ idee idea
            • Italian idea idea
            • Spanish idea idea
    • Proto-Indo-European *wéydtōr one who has seen
      • Hellenic *wístōr
        • Ancient Greek ῐ̔́στωρ hístōr witness, wise man, expert, judge
          • Ancient Greek ῐ̔στορῐ́ᾱ historíā inquiry, examination, observation, science, the body of knowledge produced by such inquiry, a written account of such inquiry
            • Greek ιστορία istoría history, story, love affair
            • Russian исто́рия istórija history, story, affair, thing
            • Hebrew הִסְטוֹרְיָה história history
            • Latin historia history, account, story
              • Western Romance
                • French histoire story, history
                  • Haitian Creole istwa story, history
                  • English history
                    • English historical linguistics
                  • English story
                  • English stor(e)y [1]
                • Italian storia history, story, relationship
                • Spanish historia history, story, H (phonetic alphabet)
              • German Historie history
                • Yiddish היסטאָריע historye history
              • Polish historia history, story
              • Welsh ystyr meaning, sense
      • Proto-Indo-European *weydstós knowledgeable lit. "like one who has seen"
        • Celtic
          • Celtiberian veizos witness
        • Germanic *wīsaz wise, knowledgeable
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse víss wise
              • Danish vis wise
              • Icelandic vís wise, knowledgeable, certain
              • Finnish viisas wise [2]
                • Northern Sami viissis wise
          • West Germanic
            • Old English wīs wise
              • English wise
                • English wizard [3]
            • Old High German wīs wise
              • German weise wise
          • Germanic *wīsadōmaz wise judgment, wisdom
            • North Germanic
              • Old Norse vísdómr
                • Danish visdom wisdom
                • Icelandic vísdómur
            • West Germanic
              • Old English wīsdōm wisdom
                • English wisdom
              • Old High German wīstuom
                • German Weistum
          • Germanic *wīsahaiduz wisdom
            • North Germanic
              • Old Norse
                • Swedish vishet wisdom
            • West Germanic
              • Old English wīs(a)had wisdom
                • English wisehood
              • Old High German
                • German Weisheit wisdom, insight

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Collected English words

wit, wot, guide, video, vision, evident, evidence, visit, envy, preview, provide, purvey, prudent, revise, review, supervise, survey, Hades, wit, idol, eidolon, -(o)id, Veda, Rigveda, idea, history, historical linguistics, story, stor(e)y, wise, wizard, wisdom, wisehood

Footnotes

  1. ^

    stor(e)y meaning a level of a building seems to come from the narrative paintings on the sides of medieval buildings.

  2. ^

    Finnish viisas as in the Kalevala (my latest textual obsession), Third Rune: "Oi on viisas Väinämöinen, tietäjä iän-ikuinen!" ("Oh thou wise Väinämöinen, immortal sage!", or something like that.)

  3. ^

    Wizard: "one who is wise". Compare drunkard: "one who is drunk", dotard: "one who dotes", coward: "one who is cowed", etc.

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