Word Family - Venom

November theme: Spiders 🕷️

Teaser

wish, Venus, Edwin, venom, wonder

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- to love
    • Proto-Indo-European *wn̥h₁néw-ti? variant ne imperfective
      • Germanic *winnaną to strive, to work, to gain, to win
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic
            • Ostrogothic 𐍅𐌹𐌽𐌽𐌰𐌽 winnan to suffer
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse vinna to accomplish
            • Danish vinde to win, to gain, to achieve
            • Icelandic vinna to work, to labor, to achieve, to win
        • West Germanic
          • Old English winnan to struggle, to suffer, to contend
            • English win
          • Frankish *winnan
            • Dutch winnen to win, to acquire, to harvest
          • Old High German (gi)winnan
            • German gewinnen to be victorious, to gain, to extract, to persuade
            • Yiddish געווינען gevinen to win
    • Proto-Indo-European *wonh₁éy-eti to make want causative
      • Germanic *wanjaną to accustom, to make used to
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse venja to accustom, to make used to, to train
            • Danish vænne
            • Icelandic venja to accustom, to train
        • West Germanic
          • Old English wenian to accustom
            • English wean
          • Frankish *wennen
            • Dutch wennen to become accustomed to, to make familiar
          • Old High German wenian
            • German gewöhnen to get used to, to adapt to
    • Proto-Indo-European *wn̥h₁sḱ-éti iterative/durative
      • Germanic *wunskijaną to wish, to desire
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse œskja to wish
            • Danish ønske to wish
            • Icelandic ønske to wish
        • West Germanic
          • Old English wȳsċan to wish
            • English wish
          • Frankish *wunsken
            • Dutch wensen to wish
          • Old High German
            • German wünschen to want, to wish, to order, to demand
              • Polish winszować to congratulate
            • Yiddish ווינטשן vintshn to wish
    • Proto-Indo-European *wn̥h₁éh₁y-eti stative
      • Germanic *wunjaną to enjoy, to be satisfied, to be accustomed to, to reside (in a place)
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic
            • Ostrogothic *wunan
              • Ostrogothic 𐌿𐌽𐍅𐌿𐌽𐌰𐌽𐌳𐍃 unwunands to be unhappy
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse una
            • Icelandic una
        • West Germanic
          • Old English wunian to reside (in a place), to be in (a state), to be accustomed to
            • English wont
            • Scots won to dwell, to stay habitually
          • Frankish *wonon
            • Dutch wonen to reside (in a place)
          • Old High German wonēn
            • German wohnen to reside (in a place), to stay, to visit
    • Proto-Indo-European *wénh₁-os adjective
      • Indo-Iranian *wánas
        • Indo-Aryan wánas
          • Sanskrit वनस् vánas loveliness, desire, longing
      • Italic *wenos
        • Latin Venus
          • English Venus
        • Italic *wenosolios
          • Latin venerealis to do with sexual love
            • English venereal
        • Italic *wenosor
          • Latin veneror I adore, I worship, I pay respects
            • Western Romance
              • French vénérer to worship, to venerate
              • Italian venerare to venerate, to revere
              • Spanish venerar to venerate
            • Latin venerātus worshipped, adored, venerated
              • English venerate
    • Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁i-s noun
      • Germanic *winiz loved one, friend
        • North Germanic ᚹᛁᚾᛁᛉ winiz friend
          • Old Norse vinr friend
            • Danish ven friend
            • Icelandic vinur friend
        • Germanic *Audawiniz Rich-Friend
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse Auðunn
          • West Germanic
            • Old English Ēadwine
              • English Edwin
        • Germanic *Balþawiniz Bold-Friend
          • West Germanic
            • Old English Bealdwine
              • English Baldwin
            • Frankish *Baldawin
              • Dutch Boudewijn
              • Latin Balduīnus
                • Western Romance
                  • French Beaudoin
                  • Italian Baldovino
        • Germanic *Batawiniz Good-Friend
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic
              • Ostrogothic 𐌱𐌰𐍄𐍅𐌹𐌽𐍃 Batwins
        • Germanic *Winifriþuz Friend-Peace
          • West Germanic
            • Old English Winfriþ
              • English Winfred
    • Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁esno-s
      • Italic *weneznos
        • Latin venēnum love potion, potion, poison
          • Sardinian belenu
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian venin venom, malice
          • Western Romance
            • Old French venim
              • French venin venom
              • English venom
            • Italian veleno poison
            • Spanish veneno poison, venom
          • Albanian vrer bile, gall
          • Welsh gwenwyn venom, poison
    • Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁osto-s
      • Italic *wenostos
        • Latin venustus friendly, pleasing, charming, elegant
    • Proto-Indo-European *wn̥h₁tro-m instrumental noun
      • Germanic *wundrą a wonder, a miracle
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse undr a wonder, a scandal
            • Icelandic undur a wonder, a miracle
        • West Germanic
          • Old English wundor miracle, wonder, marvel
            • English wonder
            • Scots wunner
          • Frankish *wundar
            • Dutch wonder miracle
          • Old High German wuntar
            • German Wunder miracle, wonder
        • Germanic *wundrōną to wonder at denominative
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse undra to wonder at, to be astonished
              • Danish undre to be a surprise, to be a wonder
              • Icelandic undra to wonder at, to be amazed by
    • Proto-Indo-European *wn̥h₁yeh₂
      • Germanic *wunjō joy, delight, pleasure, lust, the letter ᚹ
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse yndi delight, happiness
            • Icelandic yndi delight, joy, pleasure
        • West Germanic
          • Old English wynn joy, delight, the letter Ƿ
          • Frankish *wunna
            • Dutch wonne
          • Old High German wunna
            • German Wonne bliss, joy, delight, lust
        • Germanic *wunjōsamaz joyful, delightful
          • West Germanic
            • Old English wynsum
              • English winsome
            • Old High German wunnisam
              • German wonnesam
      • Italic *weniā
        • Latin venia kindness, mercy, forgiveness
          • Western Romance
            • Spanish venia forgiveness, permission
          • Latin veniālis gracious, forgivable
            • Western Romance
              • Old French
                • French véniel venial, pardonable
                • English venial

Visual

Collected English words

win, wean, wish, wont, Venus, venereal, venerate, Edwin, Baldwin, Winfred, venom, wonder, winsome, venial