Word Family - Water

August theme: Elements So Slow 🌎🌊

Teaser

vodka, water, hydrogen, otter

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *wed- water animate, elemental water as opposed to passive, standing water: <*h₂ep->
    • Proto-Indo-European *wódr water oblique form: <*udén->
      • Pre-Albanian *udrijā
        • Albanian ujë water
      • Anatolian
        • Hittite 𒉿𒀀𒋻 wa-a-tar water
      • Balto-Slavic *wandō water
        • Lithuanian vanduõ water, flow, current
          • Lithuanian vandenilis hydrogen
        • Slavic *vodà water
          • East Slavic
            • Russian вода́ vodá water
              • Russian водоро́д vodoród hydrogen
              • Russian во́дка vódka vodka, distilled alcohol <вода́> + <-ка>, a nominal derivational suffix, often dimunitve
                • English vodka
                  • Japanese ウォッカ wokka vodka
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian во̀да vòda water
              • Serbo-Croatian во̀дӣк vòdīk<, `водоник` hydrogen
          • West Slavic
            • Polish woda water
              • Polish wodór hydrogen
          • Slavic *vědro (water) bucket
            • East Slavic
              • Russian ведро́ vedró bucket
            • South Slavic
              • Serbo-Croatian ве̏дро vȅdro bucket
            • West Slavic
              • Polish wiadro bucket
      • Celtic *udenskyos water
        • Irish uisce water
          • Irish uisce beatha whiskey, distilled alcohol
            • English whiskey
              • Irish fuisce whiskey
              • Japanese ウィスキー wisukī whisky
      • Germanic *watōr water
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐍄𐍉 watō water
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse vatn water, lake, river
            • Danish vand water
            • Icelandic vatn water, lake
              • Icelandic vetni hydrogen
        • West Germanic
          • Old English wæter water
            • English water
              • Jamaican Creole wata water
            • Scots watir water
          • Old High German
            • German Wasser
              • German Wasserstoff hydrogen "water-stuff"
            • Yiddish וואַסער vaser water
      • Hellenic
        • Mycenean Greek 𐀄𐀈 u-do water
          • Ancient Greek ῠ̔́δωρ húdōr water, rain, sweat, time
            • English hydro-
            • French hydro-
              • French hydrogène hydrogen
                • Translingual H
                • English hydrogen
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Dardic *udá
            • Kashmiri odūr
          • Sanskrit उदन् udán
            • Hindi उदजन udjan hydrogen learned borrowing. None of Hindi's words for "water" are related.
            • Telugu ఉదకము udakamu water
      • Italic
        • Latin unda wave
          • Sardinian unda
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian undă wave
          • Western Romance
            • French onde wave (technical)
              • French onduler to wave (a hand)
            • Italian onda wave
            • Spanish onda wave, style, mood
            • Latin undulātus wavy
              • English undulate
            • Latin inundō flood "in-wave"
              • English inundate
              • Spanish inundar to flood
            • New Latin undina female water spirit, undine coined by Paracelsus in the 16th C
              • German Undine undine
              • English undine
              • French ondine undine, mermaid
              • Italian ondina undine, mermaid, female swimming champion
        • Umbrian 𐌖𐌕𐌖𐌓 utur water
          • Latin ūter water skin, wineskin, hide bag for flotation
      • Tocharian
        • Arshian wär water
    • Proto-Indo-European *wéd-os- action noun, "waterer"?, "wateringness"?
      • Armenian գետ get river
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit उत्स útsa spring, fountain
    • Proto-Indo-European *wed-ro-
      • Italic *wedrom glass
        • Latin vitrum glass
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian vitră
          • Western Romance
            • French verre glass
            • Italian vetro glass
            • Spanish vidrio glass
          • French vitre pane of glass, car window re-borrowing
            • French vitrine shop window, glass-panelled showcase, vitrine
              • English vitrine
              • Swedish vitrin vitrine
              • Greek βιτρίνα vitrína vitrine
            • Welsh gwydr glass
          • French vitrifier to vitrify, to lacquer
            • English vitrify
          • Latin vitriolum iron sulfate, sulfuric acid, vitriol
            • Western Romance
              • French vitriol vitriol
                • English vitriol
          • Medieval Latin vitrosus glass, transparent
            • French vitreux glassy, vitreous
            • English vitreous
      • Proto-Indo-European *udrós of water, aquatic (animal)
        • Balto-Slavic *ūˀdrāˀ otter
          • Lithuanian ū́dra otter
          • Slavic *vỳdra otter
            • East Slavic
              • Russian вы́дра výdra otter
              • Yiddish ווידרע vidre otter
            • South Slavic
              • Serbo-Croatian ви́дра výdra otter
              • Greek βίδρα vídra otter
            • West Slavic
              • Polish wydra otter
        • Germanic *utraz
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse otr otter
              • Danish odder otter
              • Icelandic otur otter
          • West Germanic
            • Old English oter otter
              • English otter
              • Scots otter
            • Frankish
              • Dutch otter
            • Old High German ottar otter
              • German Otter otter
        • Hellenic
          • Mycenaean Greek 𐀄𐀈𐀫 u-do-ro
          • Ancient Greek ὕδρα húdra sea snake, sea serpent, hydra
            • Latin hydra
              • English hydra
        • Indo-Iranian *udrás
          • Indo-Aryan *udrás
            • Sanskrit उद्र udrá otter, aquatic animal
              • Magadhi
                • Assamese উদ ud otter
              • Sauraseni
                • Madhya
                  • Hindi ऊद ūd otter, beaver rare
                    • Hindi ऊदबिलाव ūdbilāv otter, beaver more common. derivationally, "otter-civet"
              • Telugu ఉద్రము udramu otter
          • Iranian *udráh otter
            • East Iranian
              • Scythian
                • Ossetian уырд wyrd otter
              • Avestan 𐬎𐬛𐬭𐬀 udra- otter
            • West Iranian
              • Old Persian
                • Middle Persian ʾwdlk' udrag
                  • Persian اودر‏ ūdar otter archaic
        • Italic
          • Latin lutra otter
            • Sardinian lontra
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian lutră otter
            • Western Romance
              • French loutre otter
              • Italian lontra otter
              • Spanish lutria otter
              • Spanish nutria otter
            • Translingual Lutra
      • Proto-Indo-European *wodsḱe iterative
        • Germanic *waskaną to wash
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse vaska to wash
              • Danish vaske to wash, to launder, to shuffle
              • Icelandic vaska to wash
          • West Germanic
            • Old English wascan to wash
              • English wash
            • Old High German waskan
              • German waschen to wash
              • Yiddish וואַשן vashn to wash
            • Frankish *waskan to wash
              • Dutch wassen to wash
              • French gâcher to soak, to ruin, spoil, to waste, to mess up
    • Uralic *wete water
      • Finno-Ugric
        • Finnic *veci water
          • Finnish vesi water, lake, rheum, hydro-
            • Finnish vety hydrogen
        • Ugric
          • Hungarian víz water
      • Samic *vëcë freshly fallen snow
        • Northern Sami vahca freshly fallen snow
        • Finnish viti freshly fallen white and dry snow archaic
      • Samoyedic *wet
        • Nenets иʺ yiq water

Visual

Collected English words

vodka, whiskey, water, hydro-, H, hydrogen, undulate, inundate, undine, vitrine, vitrify, vitriol, vitreous, otter, hydra, Lutra, wash