Word Family - Attercop

November theme: Spiders 🕷


edema, Oedipus, oat, atter, attercop

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eyd- to swell, abcess, tumor
    • Proto-Indo-European h₂oydéy-eti
      • Old Armenian այտնում aytnum to swell, to be inflamed, to be bloated
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek οἰδέω I swell, I become swollen
          • Ancient Greek οἴδημᾰ oídēma a swelling, a tumor
            • English edema
    • Proto-Indo-European h₂oydro-s swollen basic adjective
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek οἰδῐ́ος oidíos swollen [1]
          • Ancient Greek Οἰδῐ́πους Oidípous Swollen-Foot personal name
            • Latin Oedipūs
              • English Oedipus
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂éydō basic noun
      • Old Armenian այտ ayt cheek
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Slavic *jadъ
          • East Slavic
            • Russian яд jad poison, venom
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic ꙗдъ jadŭ poison
            • Serbo-Croatian jа̏д jȁd sorrow
      • Germanic *aitǭ swelling, gland, nodule
        • West Germanic
          • Old English āte
            • English oat
          • Frankish
            • Dutch eit ear wax
          • Old High German eiz abcess, boil
            • German Eiß ulcer, sore
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂oydós agentive noun
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek οἶδος oîdos tumor, swelling
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂eydrom instrumental noun
      • Germanic *aitrą boil, sore, pus, poison
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse eitr poison
            • Danish edder
            • Icelandic eitur poison
        • West Germanic
          • Old English ātor poison, venom [2]
            • English atter
          • Frankish *ētar
            • Dutch etter pus
          • Old High German eitar pus
            • German Eiter pus
        • Germanic *aitrąkuppaz spider lit. "poison-head" or "pus-head"
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse
              • Danish edderkop spider
          • West Germanic
            • Old English ātorcoppe spider
              • English attercop
            • Frankish *ētarkopp
              • Dutch etterkop peevish, disagreeable person
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂idsth₂-os
      • Balto-Slavic *iˀst-
        • Lithuanian ìnkstas testicle
        • Slavic *jьsto
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic исто isto kidney, testicle, entrail
      • Germanic *aista- testicle
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse eista testicle
            • Icelandic eista testicle
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂oydskeh₂
      • Albanian eshke kidney


Image is a visual representation of the text content above.

Collected English words

edema, Oedipus, oat, atter, attercop


  1. ^

    Ancient Greek οἰδῐ́ος oidíos: "swollen" is not the origin of English odious, which is from Latin ōdī: "I hate, i destest" from PIE *h₃ed-: "to stink". It wouldn't be surprising if *h₂eyd-: "pus" and *h₃ed-: "stink" were connected in Pre-Proto-Indo-European.

  2. ^

    The poisonous snake adder is not formally related, being the result of a segmentation error from older nadder ("a nadder" -> "an adder"). nadder is from PIE *nh₁trih₂, compare Latin nātrīx: "water-snake" or Irish nathair: "snake, adder". You could certainly see how the segmentation error could have been influenced by the similar sounding word for "poison", though.