Word Family - Count

January theme: Royal and Noble Titles 👑


count, constable, itinerary, January, janitor

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey- to go (imperfective) possibly suppletive
    • Indo-Iranian *hai
      • Iranian
        • Western Iranian
          • Kurdish -ê- comes
          • Persian آی ây comes, arrives suppletive present of âmadan
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₁éyti goes primary verb [1]
      • Proto-Albanian *eika
        • Albanian iki I go, I leave, I escape
      • Anatolian
        • Hittite 𒄿𒄿𒀀𒋫𒋫 iyatta goes
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian eĩti to go, to walk
        • Slavic *jьti to go
          • East Slavic ити iti
            • Russian идти́ idtí to go, to walk, to function
            • Ukrainian іти́ itý to go, to walk, to proceed
          • South Slavic
            • Old Church Slavonic ити iti to walk, to go
            • Serbo-Croatian ѝћи ìći to go, to walk
          • West Slavic
            • Polish iść to go, to walk
      • Hellenic
        • Mycenaean Greek 𐀂𐀍𐀳 i-jo-te goes
        • Ancient Greek εἶμῐ eîmi I will come, I will go suppletive future, subjunctive, etc. for ἔρχομα
        • Ancient Greek ἰσθμός isthmós neck, pharynx, isthmus, channel with unexplained -s-
          • Latin isthmus
            • English isthmus
      • Indo-Iranian *Háyti goes
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit एति éti goes, walks
        • Iranian
          • Avestan 𐬀𐬉𐬙𐬍 aētī goes
          • Western Iranian
            • Old Persian 𐎠𐎡𐎫𐎡𐎹 aitiy goes
        • Nuristani
          • Kamviri ie walks
      • Italic
        • Latin I go
          • Western Romance
            • French irai will go suppletive future of aller
            • Spanish ir to go
          • Latin comes companion, comrade, partner lit. "go together"
            • Medieval Latin comes trusted companion/advisor to the Emperor, count, earl
              • Old French
                • French comte count, earl from the accusative form comitem
                • English count
              • Medieval Latin comitātus company of soldiers, association, county
                • Old French conté county
                  • French comté county
                  • English county
              • Medieval Latin comes stabuli officer of the stables
                • Old French conestable a military officer of some kind
                  • English constable
                  • French connétable historical commander in chief of the French army, 1060-1626
      • Phrygian ειτου eitou to go, to become
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₁itus a going
      • Italic
        • Latin itus a going, a gait, a right of way
          • Latin coitus a meeting, a joining, sexual intercourse lit. "a going-together"
            • French coit coitus
            • Spanish coito coitus
            • English coitus
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₁oytyos?
      • Germanic *aidijaz? passable?
        • Germanic *aidiją isthmus, strait Kroonen suggests a de-adjectival noun from a gerundive
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse eið isthmus
              • Icelandic eiði isthmus
              • Swedish ed isthmus, portage
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₁éytr̥
      • Italic
        • Latin iter route, journey
          • Latin itinerārium road map, itinerary
            • English itinerary
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₁eynos
      • Italic
        • Latin iānus covered passage, arcade
          • Latin Iānus Divinity of Doors, Beginnings, and Endings
            • English Janus
            • Latin iānuārius having to do with or belonging to Janus, the month of Janus [2]
              • English January [2]
          • Latin iānua door, entrance, double-door
            • Western Romance
              • Mozarabic يانة yana door
            • Latin iānitor doorman, porter
              • English janitor
          • Latin *iānuella dimunitive
            • Western Romance
              • Portuguese janela window
                • Malay jendela window
                • Tamil ஜன்னல் jaṉṉal
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₁eh₁óye
      • Germanic *ijjē went suppletive past tense of *gāną
        • West Germanic
          • Old English ēode went suppletive past tense of gān
            • Middle English yode went
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌹𐌳𐌳𐌾𐌰 iddja went suppletive past tense of gaggan


Image is a visual representation of the text content above.

Collected English words

isthmus, count, county, constable, coitus, itinerary, Janus, January, janitor


  1. ^

    This verb is ambiguous in which conjugation paradigm it uses. The first person conjugation of this verb could be either *h₁eymi or *h₁eyoh₂. The first form shows up in Greek εἶμῐ eîmi, the second in Latin .

  2. ^

    There are of course many, many descendants of Latin iānuārius: "January". Too many (and mostly too obvious) to bother to list at the moment.