Word Family - Fee

Teaser

fee, feudal, cyclops, peculiar, fight, Shadowfax

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *peḱ- wool, livestock, wealth
    • Proto-Indo-European *péḱu
      • Old Armenian ասու asu fleece, wool
        • Armenian ասր asr fine fleece
      • Balto-Slavic *péku
        • East Baltic
          • Lithuanian pẽkus
        • West Baltic
          • Old Prussian pecku cattle
      • Germanic *fehu wealth, cattle, the rune ᚠ
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐌷𐌿 faihu property, wealth, money, the letter 𐍆
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse livestock, property, money, the rune ᚠ
            • Danish cattle, idiot
            • Icelandic livestock, wealth, money, the rune ᚠ
            • Old Norse féhirðir shepherd
              • Icelandic féhirðir treasurer
        • West Germanic
          • Old English feoh money, livestock, property, the rune ᚠ
            • English fee
          • Frankish *feu
            • Dutch vee livestock, cattle
            • Medieval Latin feus
              • Medieval Latin fevum
                • Old French fief
                  • French fief fief
                  • English fief
              • Medieval Latin feudum fief, fee
                • Italian feudo fief, domain, stronghold
                • Spanish feudo fief, home ground
                • Medieval Latin feudālis
                  • Old French feodal feudal
                    • English feudal
          • Old High German fihu livestock, cattle
            • German Vieh livestock, beast
            • German Viech animal, beast, vermin
            • Yiddish פֿיך fikh livestock, cattle
        • English fehu the rune ᚠ
      • Hellenic *péku
        • Hellenic *pᵊkú-klṓps cattle-thief
          • Ancient Greek Κύκλωψ Kúklōps cyclops [1]
            • Latin cyclōps
              • English cyclops
      • Italic *peku
        • Latin pecū cattle
          • Latin pecūnia money, wealth
            • Latin pecūniārius financial, related to money, pecuniary
              • English pecuniary
          • Latin pecūlium private property, livestock
            • Western Romance
              • French pécule savings
              • Spanish pegullo herd
            • Latin pecūliāris private, specific
              • English peculiar
            • Latin pecūlor I embezzle, I peculate
              • English peculate
        • Umbrian 𐌐𐌄𐌒𐌏 peqo wealth
    • Proto-Indo-European *péḱti
      • Balto-Slavic
        • East Baltic
          • Lithuanian pèšti to pluck, to pull, to tear out
            • Lithuanian pašýti to tug, to fight, to brawl iterative
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek πέκω pékō I shear, I comb, I pluck
    • Proto-Indo-European *peḱteti
      • Germanic *fehtanã to comb, to shear, to detangle, to struggle with
        • West Germanic *fehtan to fight
          • Old English feohtan to fight
            • English fight
            • Scots fecht to fight, to struggle
          • Frankish *fehtan
            • Dutch vechten to fight
          • Old High German fehtan
            • German fechten to fence, to fight
              • Russian фехтова́ть fextovátʹ to fence
              • German Fuchtel broadsword
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek πεκτέω pektéō I shear, I clip
      • Italic *pektō
        • Latin pectō I comb, I card, I weed, I thrash (someone)
    • Proto-Indo-European *péḱos
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek πέκος pékos
      • Italic *pekos
        • Latin pecus cattle, herd
          • Western Romance
            • Italian pecora sheep, ewe
          • Latin pecorārius herdsman, shepherd
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian păcurár shepherd
            • Western Romance
              • Italian pecoraio shepherd
    • Proto-Indo-European *poḱos
      • Germanic *fahaz sheep
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse fær sheep
            • Danish får sheep
            • Old Norse Færeyjar Sheep Islands, the Faroe Islands
              • Danish Færøerne Faroe Islands
                • English Faroe
              • Icelandic Færeyjar Faroe Islands
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek πόκος pókos wool, fleece
    • Proto-Indo-European *péḱleh₂
      • Albanian pillë flax comb, hatchel
    • Proto-Indo-European *poḱtis
      • Germanic *fahtiz wool, fleece
        • West Germanic
          • Old English feht fleece
          • Frankish *faht
            • Dutch vacht fur, pelt
    • Proto-Indo-European *pǝḱténs
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek κτείς kteís comb, rake, scallop, pubic hair oblique stem κτεν- kten-
          • Greek χτένα chténa comb
          • Ancient Greek κτενῐ́ζω ktenízō I comb
            • Greek χτενίζω chtenízo I comb, I groom, I search
          • New Latin cteno-
            • Translingual Ctenophora taxonomic phylum of comb jellies
            • English cteno-
      • Italic
        • Latin pecten comb, scallop, pubic hair
          • English pecten
    • Proto-Indo-European *poḱsmn̥
      • Indo-Iranian *páćšma wool, fleece, bristles
        • Indo-Aryan *páṭṣma
          • Sanskrit 𑀧𑀓𑁆𑀱𑁆𑀫𑀦𑁆 pákṣman eyelash, whisker, hair
            • Sauraseni 𑀧𑀫𑁆𑀳 pamha
              • Madhya
                • Hindi पपनी papnī eyelash
        • Iranian *pášma
          • Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬱𐬨𐬀 pašma wool
          • Northern Iranian
            • Scythian
              • Ossetian фӕсм fæsm wool
          • Western Iranian
            • Old Persian *pašma
              • Persian پشم pašm wool, chest hair, pubic hair
    • Proto-Indo-European *poḱsom
      • Germanic ​​*fahsã (head) hair, mane
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse fax mane
            • Icelandic fax mane
            • Scots fax sea foam, breakers
            • Old Norse Skinfaxi Shining-Mane, horse of Day personified
            • Old Norse Hrímfaxi Frost-Mane, horse of Night personified
        • West Germanic
          • Old English feax mane, (head) hair
            • English fax
              • English Fairfax
              • English Shadowfax
          • Frankish *fahs
            • Dutch vas

Visual

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Collected English words

fee, fief, feudal, fehu, cyclops, pecuniary, peculiar, peculate, fight, Faroe, Ctenophora, cteno-, pecten, fax, Fairfax, Shadowfax

Footnotes

  1. ^Κύκλωψ Kúklōps: "cyclops" can be understood as "round eye", but this may be an eggcorn of *pǝḱu-klṓps: "cattle-thief", after Greek lost the word *péḱu. If so, the reinterpretation of the word may have led to a re-envisioning of the creature. (It doesn't take much reconstruction to reach the conclusion that cattle-raids were part of Indo-European culture and mythology.)