Word Family - Gift

Teaser

Godiva, gift, gable, cephalopod, exhibit, habeas corpus, able, ability, habitat, gaffer tape, javelin

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *gʰebʰ- to give
    • Proto-Indo-European *gʰebʰeti
      • Balto-Slavic
        • East Baltic
          • Lithuanian gebė́ti to be able, to tend to
      • Germanic *gebanã to give
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌽 giban to give
        • North Germanic ᚷᛁᛒᚢ gibu give [1]
          • Old Norse gefa
            • Danish give to give
            • Icelandic gefa to give
            • English give
        • West Germanic
          • Old English ġiefan to give
            • English give
          • Frankish
            • Dutch geven to give
          • Old High German geban to give
            • German geben to give
            • Yiddish געבן gebn to give
        • Germanic *gebō gift, the rune ᚷ
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌱𐌰 giba gift, the letter 𐌲
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse gjǫf gift
              • Icelandic gjöf gift
          • West Germanic *gebu
            • Old English ġiefu gift, the rune ᚷ
              • English gyfu
            • Old High German geba gift
          • Germanic *Gudagebō God-Gift (personal name)
            • East Germanic
              • Gothic
                • Galician Guxeva
            • West Germanic
              • Old English Godġifu
                • English Godiva
          • West Germanic *gābā alternate form
            • Frankish
              • Dutch gave gift
            • Old High German
              • German Gabe gift, dose
              • Yiddish גאָב gob gift
            • Old Saxon *gāva
              • Low German Gaav gift
              • Plautdietsch Gow gift
              • Old Norse gáfa
                • Danish gave gift
                • Icelandic gáfa gift
        • Germanic *giftiz gift, an act of giving
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic *gifts
              • Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌰-𐌲𐌹𐍆𐍄𐍃 fra-gifts to give away
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse gipt gift, good luck
              • English gift
          • West Germanic
            • Old English ġift dowry, marriage
              • English gift
            • Old High German
              • German Gift poison
                • Danish gift poison
              • Old High German mitgift
                • German Mitgift dowry
              • Yiddish גיפֿט gift poison
        • Germanic *gabulã
          • West Germanic
            • Old English gafol gift, tribute, due, profit, interest, usury
              • English gavel
                • English gavelkind
        • Germanic *gabī̃ wealth
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌱𐌴𐌹 gabei wealth
    • Proto-Indo-European *gʰobʰeti??
      • Balto-Slavic *gabtei
        • East Baltic
          • Lithuanian góbti to grab, to take, to cover up
        • Slavic *gabati
          • East Slavic
            • Ukrainian га́бати hábaty to seize
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian hȁbati to wear out, to abrade
          • West Slavic
            • Polish gabać to accost, to accuse, to sue
    • Proto-Indo-European *gʰébʰos
      • Proto-Indo-European *gʰébʰestis hand, arm
        • Indo-Iranian
          • Indo-Aryan
            • Sanskrit 𑀕𑀪𑀲𑁆𑀢𑀺 gábhasti fork, hand, arm, sunbeam
    • Proto-Indo-European *gʰébʰl̥ head
      • Germanic *gebla head, top, summit, gable
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌱𐌻𐌰 gibla pinnacle
        • North Germanic
          • Old Norse gafl gable
            • Danish gavl gable
            • Icelandic gafl gable
            • Old French gable gable
              • French gâble gable
              • English gable
        • West Germanic *gebl
          • Old High German gebal head, skull
        • West Germanic *gebil
          • Frankish
            • Dutch gevel face of a building, facade
          • Old High German gibil
            • German Giebel gable
      • Hellenic *képʰəl
        • Hellenic *kepəlā́
          • Ancient Greek κεφᾰλή kephalḗ head, provincial governor
            • Ancient Greek κεφᾰ́λῐον kephálion diminutive
              • Greek κεφάλι kefáli head
            • Coptic ⲕⲉⲫⲁⲗⲏ kephalē head
            • English cephalo-
              • English cephalopod
          • Ancient Macedonian κεβλή keblḗ head
            • Ancient Macedonian κεβλήπῠρῐς keblḗpuris firecrest (bird)
              • Ancient Greek κεβλήπῠρῐς keblḗpuris firecrest (bird)
      • Tocharian *ćäpāl head
        • Arshian śpāl head
        • Kushean śpāl head
    • Proto-Indo-European *gʰeh₁bʰ- to grab, to take
      • Proto-Indo-European ​​*gʰéh₁bʰt
        • Italic *hēpai
          • Oscan hipid takes
            • Oscan pruhipid prevents
      • Proto-Indo-European *gʰh̥₁bʰéh₁yeti
        • Italic *habēō
          • Latin habeō I have, I hold, I own
            • Sardinian àere to have
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian a avea
                • Romanian avere possesions, weath
            • Western Romance
              • French avoir to have
              • Italian avére to have
              • Spanish haber to have
            • Latin exhibeō I hold out, I deliver, I supply, I give up, I show, I reveal
              • English exhibit
            • Latin inhibeō
              • English inhibit I hold in, I restrain, I inhibit
            • Latin prohibeō I hold forward, I keep away, I protect, I forbid
              • English prohibit
            • Latin habeās corpus ad subjiciendum have the person to be subjected i.e., "bring the detainee to the court"
              • English habeas corpus
            • Latin habilis able to have, having the ability, sufficient, suited
              • Western Romance
                • Old French
                  • French habile skillful
                  • Dutch abel able, capable
                  • English able
                • Italian abile skillful, able
                • Spanish hábil suitable, able, skillful
              • Translingual Homo habilis
              • Latin habilitō I make suitable, I empower, I enable
                • English habilitate
                • Latin habilitās ability, suitability, fitness
                  • English ability
            • Latin habēna thong, rein
              • Brythonic *aβuɨn
                • Welsh awen rein
            • Latin habitō I reside, I inhabit
              • Latin habitat it resides [2]
                • English habitat
            • Latin habitus
              • English habit
            • Latin inhabitō
              • English inhabit
          • Umbrian 𐌇𐌀𐌁𐌉𐌀 habia
      • Proto-Indo-European *gʰh̥₁bʰyéti
        • Celtic *gabyeti grabs, seize, holds
          • Brythonic
            • Welsh gafael to hold, to grasp
          • Celtiberian kabizeti
          • Gaulish gabi
          • Old Irish gaibid to hold, to take, to seize, to put on
            • Irish gabh to take, to arrest, to come, to go
            • Old Irish con·gaib to contain, to keep, to uphold
              • Irish coinnigh to maintain, to hold, to store
            • Old Irish fo·ácaib to leave, to relinquish
              • Irish fág to leave, to drop off
      • Proto-Indo-European *gʰh̥₁bʰleh₂ derived noun
        • Celtic *gablā fork
          • Brythonic *gaβl
            • Welsh gafl crotch
            • Brythonic *hɨnn ɣėβl the Twin Forks (place name) dual form
              • Welsh Yr Eifl
          • Gaulish gabalos
            • West Germanic *gabulu fork, pitchfork
              • Old English gafol fork
              • Frankish
                • Dutch gaffel any two-pronged fork, pitchfork or antler
                  • Dutch gaffelzeil gafsail
                    • English gaffsail
                  • English gaffle
              • Old High German
                • German Gabel fork, pitchfork, prong
                • Yiddish גאָפּל gopl fork
              • Old Saxon
                • Low German Gavel
                • Danish gaffel fork
                  • Icelandic gaffall fork
                • Swedish gaffel fork
                  • Finnish kahveli gaff, fork
                • Old Occitan gaf hook
                  • French gaffe boathook
                    • English gaff
                      • English gaffer
                        • English gaffer tape
                      • English gaffsail
            • Latin gabulus gallows, cross
              • Vulgar Latin
                • Vulgar Latin *gabalottus spear, javelin diminutive
                  • Western Romance
                    • Old French javelot javelin
                      • French javelot javelin
                      • Italian giavellotto javelin
                      • Old French javelline
                        • English javelin
                        • Spanish jabalina javeline
          • Old Irish gabul fork, forked branch, gallows
            • Irish gabhal fork, branch, crotch, udder

Visual

Image is a visual representation of the text content above.

Collected English words

give, give, gyfu, Godiva, gift, gift, gavel, gavelkind, gable, cephalo-, cephalopod, exhibit, inhibit, prohibit, habeas corpus, able, Homo habilis, habilitate, ability, habitat, habit, inhabit, gaffsail, gaffle, gaff, gaffer, gaffer tape, gaffsail, javelin

Footnotes

  1. ^

    "Gift" is exactly the kind of word that shows up in early runic inscriptions on objects. For example:

    Proto-Norse ᚷᛁᛒᚢ gibu is on the Sjaelland bracteate 2: ᚺᚨᚱᛁᚢᚺᚨᚺᚨᛁᛏᛁᚲᚨ᛬ᚠᚨᚱᚨᚢᛁᛋᚨ᛬ᚷᛁᛒᚢᚨᚢᚽᚨ᛬ᛏᛏᛏ hariuha haitika : farauisa : gibu auja : ttt: "Hariuha, I am called, the Farwise. [I] give good fortune. T(ýr)" (really the three runes are stacked on top of each other, thought to signify the god Tyr)

    The past tense of the same verb appears on the Stentoften Runestone: ᚺᚼᚦᚢᚹᛟᛚᚼᚠᛦᚷᚼᚠᛃ Haþuwulfz gaf J: "Hathuwulf gave (a bountiful) y(ear)", with the rune similarly standing in for the word "year".

  2. ^

    Latin habitat is the 3rd person singular of habitō: "I reside, I inhabit", that is "it resides". This was used by Linnaeus to describe the place a species could be found. Leading to this word becoming a shorthand for the geographical range of a species.