Word Family - Equus

March theme: Horses 🐎

Teaser

hippopotamus, equestrian, zebra, Afghanistan

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European h₁éḱwos horse [1]
    • Anatolian *ʔeḱu-
      • Hittite 𒀲𒆳𒊏𒍑 ekkus horse
    • Armenian էշ
      • Latin asinus donkey
        • Old English assen donkey, ass
          • English ass
        • Latin assellus small/young donkey
          • Germanic *asiluz donkey
            • East Germanic
              • Gothic 𐌰𐍃𐌹𐌻𐌿𐍃 asilus donkey
            • Slavic *osilu donkey
              • East Slavic
                • Russian осёл osjól donkey, ass
              • West Slavic
                • Polish osioł donkey
            • West Germanic
              • Old English eosol donkey, ass
              • Old High German esil ass, donkey
                • German Esel ass, donkey
              • Frankish
                • Dutch ezel donkey, idiot, easel
                  • English easel
    • Celtic ekʷos horse
      • Brythonic *eb horse
        • Brythonic *ebol small/young horse
          • Welsh ebol foal
      • Gaulish epos horse
        • Gaulish Epona Divinity of Horses either "on a horse" or "great mare"
      • Old Irish ech horse
        • Irish each horse archaic/poetic, replaced by capall
        • Manx agh horse
    • Germanic *ehwaz horse
      • North Germanic
        • Old Norse jór horse, stallion
          • Icelandic jór horse archaic/poetic replaced by hestur
      • West Germanic
        • Old English eoh horse replaced by hors
      • Germanic *ehwaraidō horse riders
        • West Germanic
          • Old English ēored cavalry
    • Hellenic *íkkʷos horse
      • Mycenaean Greek 𐀂𐀦 i-qo horse
      • Ancient Greek ἵππος híppos horse
        • Greek ίππος íppos horse
        • Ancient Greek Φίλιππος Phílippos Fond of Horses (personal name)
          • Translingual Philippines Place name after Philip II of Spain [2]
        • New Latin hippo- horse
          • New Latin hippopotamus hippopotamus "river-horse"
            • English hippopotamus
        • Ancient Greek ἱππόδρομος hippódromos track for horse or chariot races
          • English hippodrome
    • Italic *ekwos horse
      • Latin equus horse replaced by caballus in Late Latin and most descendants
        • Latin equa mare
          • Sardinian ebba mare
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian iapă mare
          • Western Romance
            • Spanish yegua mare, heifer
        • Latin equester pertaining to riding horses, pertaining to cavalry, horseman
          • French équestre equestrian
            • English equestrian
          • Spanish ecuestre equestrian
        • Latin equīnus equine
          • French équin
            • English equine
          • Spanish equino
        • Latin equiferus wild horse
          • Western Romance
            • Old Portuguese ezebrario wild ass
              • Portuguese zebro wild ass
                • Portuguese zebra zebra
                  • Italian zebra zebra
                    • English zebra
              • Old Spanish ezebra wild ass
                • Spanish cebra zebra
    • Indo-Iranian *Háĉwas
      • Indo-Aryan
        • Mitanni Aryan
          • Hurrian *aš-šu-wa
            • Hurrian bi-ri-d-aš-ṷa Whose horse is dear (personal name)
            • Hurrian 𒇷 𒀀𒀸𒋗𒍑𒊭𒀭𒉌 a-aš-šu-uš-ša-an-ni master horse trainer [3]
        • Sanskrit अश्व áśva horse
          • Madhya
            • Hindi अश्व aśv horse
          • Maharashtri
            • Sinhala අශ්වය aśvaya horse
          • Telugu అశ్వము aśvamu horse
          • Sanskrit अश्वक aśvaka horseman
            • Prakrit आभगन ābhagana Pashtun, Afghan
              • Persian افغان afğân Pashtun, Afghan
                • Arabic أَفْغَانِيّ ʾafḡāniyy Afghan
                • English Afghan
                  • English afghan [4]
                • Persian افغانستان afğânestân Land of the Pashtuns, Afghanistan
                  • English Afghanistan
      • Iranian
        • Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬞𐬀‏ aspa horse
        • Northern Iranian
          • Scythian
            • Ossetian ефс efs mare
        • Pashto آس ās horse
        • Western Iranian
          • Old Persian 𐎠𐎿 asa horse
            • Persian اسب asb horse
          • Kurdish hesp horse
    • Tocharian *yä́kwë horse
      • Arshian yuk horse
      • Kushean yakwe horse

Visual

Image is a visual representation of the text content above.

Collected English words

ass, easel, Philippines, hippopotamus, hippodrome, equestrian, equine, zebra, Afghan, afghan, Afghanistan

Footnotes

  1. ^

    Probably originally an adjective form of *h₂eḱ-: "sharp, swift"

  2. ^

    this is how I remember which consonant is doubled in "Philippines", which I would otherwise get wrong every time. It's "phil-" as in "philosophy" (one 'l') and "-ipp-" as in hippopotamus" (two 'p's).

  3. ^

    From the opening of The Kikkuli Text:

    𒌝𒈠 𒆠𒅅𒆪𒇷 𒇷 𒀀𒀸𒋗𒍑𒊭𒀭𒉌 𒊭 𒆳 𒈪𒀉𒋫𒀭𒉌

    (UM-MA ¹Ki-ik-ku-li li LÚa-aš-šu-uš-ša-an-ni ŠA KUR URUMi-it-ta-an-ni)

    "Thus speaks Kikkuli, master horse trainer of the land of Mitanni"

  4. ^

    Afghan blankets were imported from Afghanistan after the First Anglo-Afghan War, 1839-1842.