Word Family - Easter

April theme: Miscellaneous light and cat words 🦁

Teaser

Easter, air, soar, east, Austria, Australia, early

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ews- dawn, east
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsōs Divinity of Dawn
      • Germanic *auzi
        • Germanic *Auziwandilaz Bright-Wanderer, Dawn-Wanderer, Morning Star personal name
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌶𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌹𐌻 auzandil morning star (Venus), Lucifer
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse Aurvandil
          • West Germanic
            • Old English Ēarendel
              • Quenya  Eärendil
            • Old High German Orentil
            • Lombardic Auriwandalo
              • Latin Horvandillus
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek ἠώς
      • Indo-Iranian *Háwšās
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit 𑀉𑀱𑀲𑁆 uṣás dawn, Divinity of Dawn
            • Hindi उषा
      • Italic *auzōs
        • Latin aurōra dawn, Divinity of Dawn
          • Western Romance
            • French aurore dawn, aurora
            • Italian aurora dawn
            • Spanish aurora aurora
          • English aurora
            • English aurora australis
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewsro
      • Albanian err dark, darkness
        • Albanian terr dark, darkness
          • Albanian terrtohem to scowl
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian aušrà dawn, daybreak
        • Slavic *ùtro dawn
          • East Slavic
            • Russian у́тро útro morning
          • South Slavic
            • Serbo-Croatian у̏тро jȕtro morning
          • West Slavic
            • Polish jutro tomorrow
      • Germanic *Austrǭ Divinity of Spring, springtime
        • West Germanic
          • Old English Eostre festival of spring time, Divinity of Spring?, Easter
            • English Easter [1]
          • Old High German ōstra
            • German Ostern Easter [1]
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewsḗr
      • Hellenic *auhḗr
        • Ancient Greek ᾱ̓ήρ āḗr morning mist, mist, wind, air, color of the sky
          • Latin āēr air
            • Sardinian aera air
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian aer air
            • Western Romance
              • French air air
                • English air
              • Spanish aire air
              • Italian aria air
                • English aria
          • Classical Syriac ܐܐܪ aar air, breeze
          • Ancient Greek ἀέρος aéros of the air
            • English aero-
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsreh₂
      • Hellenic
        • Ancient Greek αὔρᾱ aúrā fresh air, breeze, steam
          • Latin aura air, breeze
            • Eastern Romance
              • Aromanian avrã breeze, coolness, freshness
            • Western Romance
              • Old French ore wind
                • French orage thunderstorm
              • Italian ora blow, breeze
              • Spanish orear to air
              • Spanish orate crazy person
            • English aura
            • Vulgar Latin *exaurare to rise into the air
              • Western Romance
                • Old French essorer
                  • French essorer to hang out to dry
                  • English soar
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsri
      • Hellenic
        • Greek αύριο ávrio tomorrow, soon
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂wōsrih₂
      • Celtic *wārī sunrise, east
        • Insular Celtic
          • Old Irish fáir
          • Brythonic
            • Welsh gwawr dawn, daybreak
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewsteros of the dawn
      • Germanic *austraz east
        • West Germanic
          • Old English ēast
            • English east
            • Old French est east [2]
              • French est east [2]
              • Italian est east [2]
              • Spanish este east [2]
          • Old High German
            • German Ost east
              • German Österreich East Realm, Austria
                • Medieval Latin Austria Austria
                  • English Austria
      • Italic *austeros
        • Latin auster southerly wind, south
          • Eastern Romance
            • Romanian austru dry wind from the south
          • Western Romance
            • Italian ostro southerly wind, the south
          • Latin austrālis southern
            • English Australia
              • Hawaiʻian ʻAukekulelia Australia
              • Irish An Astráil (The) Australia
              • Japanese オーストラリア Ōsutoraria Australia
              • Mandarin 澳大利亞 Àodàlìyà Australia
                • Mandarin 澳(洲) Ào(zhōu) Australia (Continent)
                  • Vietnamese Úc (Châu) Australia (Continent)
            • English aurora australis
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂éh₂uso glow of dawn, gold
      • Balto-Slavic
        • Lithuanian áuksas gold
      • Latin aurum gold
        • Sardinian oru gold
        • Eastern Romance
          • Romanian aur gold
        • Western Romance
          • French or gold
          • Italian oro gold
          • Spanish oro gold
        • Albanian ar gold
        • Basque urre gold
        • Old Irish ór gold
          • Irish ór gold
        • Welsh aur gold
        • Translingual Au
        • Latin Aurēlius Golden (family name)
          • Latin Aurelianus of the Golden (personal name)
            • Latin Aurelianum
              • Western Romance
                • French Orleans
      • Tocharian
        • Arshian wäs gold
        • Kushean yasā gold
    • Proto-Indo-European *h₂ey- day, morning
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂óyr̥ r-stem noun
        • Indo-Iranian *Háyr̥
          • Iranian
            • Avestan 𐬀𐬫𐬀𐬭
      • Proto-Indo-European *h₂éyeri in the morning, early locative adverb
        • Albanian herët early in the morning, at dawn
        • Germanic *airi early
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍂 air early, soon
          • West Germanic
            • Old English ǣr early, previous, former
              • English ere
          • Germanic *airiz earlier
            • Old Norse áðr already, before, ere, until
              • Icelandic áður before, earlier, previously
          • Germanic *airist earliest, first, foremost
            • West Germanic
              • Old English ǣrest first, at first
                • English erst
                  • English erstwhile
              • Frankish *ērist
                • Dutch eerste first
              • Old High German ērist earliest, first
                • German erste first
          • Germanic *airlīkaz early "early-like"
            • North Germanic
              • Old Norse árla early
            • West Germanic
              • Old English ǣrlīċ
                • English early
        • Hellenic
          • Ancient Greek ἦρι êri in the morning, early
            • Ancient Greek ἠρῐγένειᾰ ērigéneia early-born (Homeric epithet of Eos), dawn, day
            • Ancient Greek ἠρῐγέρων ērigérōn groundsel "early-old-man"
              • Translingual Erigeron taxonomic genus in the Aster family
          • Hellenic *ayeryos
            • Ancient Greek ἠέριος ēérios early in morning, at dawn
          • Hellenic *ayeriston
            • Ancient Greek ᾱ̓́ρῑστον ā́rīston breakfast

Visual

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Collected English words

aurora, aurora australis, Easter, air, aria, aero-, aura, soar, east, Austria, Australia, aurora australis, Au, ere, erst, erstwhile, early, Erigeron

Footnotes

  1. ^

    Only Germanic langauges use cognates to "Easter" to refer to the Christian holiday. Most other languages use descendants of the Hebrew פָּסַח (pasách): "Passover". For example, Italian Pasqua, Russian Па́сха (Pásxa), Irish Cáisc.

  2. ^

    Latin words for cardinal directions, in this case oriens/levant, were replaced or supplemented in most Romance languages by borrowings from Old English. Weird.