Word Family - Fiona


Fiona, Jennifer, Guinevere, penguin, Vienna, wiener

Full Text

  • Celtic *windos white
    • Brythonic *gwɨnn white
      • Welsh gwyn white, fair, shining, blessed
        • Welsh Gwendolen White-Ring personal name
        • Welsh -wen
          • Welsh Anwen Very-Fair personal name
          • Welsh Blodwen Flower-Fair personal name
          • Welsh Branwen Raven-Fair personal name
          • Welsh
      • Cornish gwen white
      • Breton gwenn white
        • French Le Guen The White Breton surname
          • English Le Guin
    • Gaulish
      • Old French
        • French vandoise dace, chub a small, white fish
    • Old Irish finn white, bright
      • Irish fionn fair, blond, cataract
      • Old Irish Finn
        • Old Irish Finn mac Cumhail [1]
          • English Finn MacCool
        • Irish Fionn
          • Irish Finnagán
            • English Finnegan
        • Irish Fiona
          • English Fiona
        • Irish Fionnbhara White-Head
          • English Finbar
        • Irish Fionnuala White-Shoulder
          • English Finnula
        • Irish Fionntan
          • English Fintan
    • Celtic *Windosēbaris white-spirit
      • Brythonic *Gwɨnnhuɨβar
        • Cornish Gwynnever
          • English Jennifer
        • Welsh Gwenhwyfar
          • French Guenièvre
            • English Guinevere
      • Old Irish Finnabair
    • Celtic *Kʷennowindos
      • Brythonic *Penngwɨnn
        • Welsh pengwyn white-head, White Head Island?, great auk? [2]
          • English penguin [3]
      • Gaulish *Pennouindos
        • Greek Πεννοουινδος Pennoouindos
        • Galician Pena Oubiña [2]
      • Primitive Irish ᚊᚓᚅᚒᚃᚓᚅᚇᚐᚅᚔ Qenufendani
        • Old Irish Cennfinn
    • Celtic Windobona [4]
      • Latin Vindobona [4]
        • Western Romance
          • Old French
            • French Vienne
            • English Vienna
          • Italian Vienna
          • German Wien Vienna
            • German Wiener Person or thing from Vienna
              • German Wiener Schnitzel wienerschnitzel lit. "Viennese Cut"
                • English wienerschnitzel
              • German Wienerwurst Viennese sausage
                • English wiener
      • West Slavic
        • Czech Vídeň Vienna
        • Polish Wiedeń Vienna
      • Germanic *winidaz Slav, Wend
        • Old English Winedas Slav, Wend
        • German Wende Wend West Slavic ethnic group on the border of Germany and Poland
          • English Wend
        • Old Norse Vindr Slav
          • Finnish Venäjä Russia
          • Estonian vene Russian
            • Estonian Venemaa Russia


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Collected English words

Le Guin, Finn MacCool, Finnegan, Fiona, Finbar, Finnula, Fintan, Jennifer, Guinevere, penguin, Vienna, wienerschnitzel, wiener, Wend


  1. ^

    Finn MacCool, a legendary Irish hero, sometimes described as having prematurely white hair.

  2. ^

    Welsh pengwyn is probably actually rederived transparently in Welsh, rather than descended directy, but it seemed more organized to attach it here.

    Likewise, : Galician Pena Oubiña (name of a mountain in Galicia in Northwest Spain) is likewise probably derived from a transparent phrase in Late Gaulish, and not from the Proto-Celtic personal name.

  3. ^

    "Penguin" originally meant the great auk, later extended to penguins.

  4. ^

    Celtic *Windobona, tentatively derived as "white-base (of a hill)" or "white-village", was a settlement where Vienna would be. When the Romans built a fort there, they kept the name as Vindobona. The later Western Romance name may have been conflated with *Vedunia: "forest stream", before giving Italian Vienna and French Vienne.